Vietnam National Rural Clean Water Supply & Sanitation Strategy up to 2020: Implications of reduction of the risk factors of waterborne diseases among small scale farmers and their animals.
GRF Global Risk Summit 2012WATER POLICIES: HEALTH IMPLICATIONS TOSMALL SCALE FARMERS AND THEIR ANIMALSIN VIETNAMDavos, February 22nd 2012LE, Quynh Ba1,4, HALL, David Clement2,4, CORK, Susan Catherine31 University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. E-mail: email@example.com University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. E-mail: email@example.com Veterinarians without Borders, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Objective• To critically review Vietnam’s national level water related policies: – National Rural Clean Water Supply & Sanitation Strategy (NRCWSS 2020 Strategy). – Impact on human, animal & environmental health at the level of small scale farmers.
Method• Review literatures and other available information: – Published national water related research, and evaluation reports on rural clean water and sanitation Vietnam. – Period of 2000 – 2011.
Results & discussionsBill/Resolution Strategy/Plan ProgramsThe Law on water National Water National Targetedresources(20/Aug/199 Resources Strategy Program on Rural8) Towards the Year 2020 Clean Water and Sanitation 2006 -Decree 117/2007 National Rural Clean 2010(Water Supply) Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy The National TargetedDecree 88/2007 up to year 2020 Program on Building(Sanitation) New Rural Areas for Strategic Plan for the period of 2010 –Circulars on water tariff National Water 2020 Resources Council P135 II - Targeted Poverty Programs in Vietnam
Results & discussions• Water service & water management impact – small scale farmers, sustainable agricultural activities.• Relative water supply decline constrains – productive crop yields and healthy livestock production.• Various government agencies are – not well defined roles & responsibilities.
Results & discussions• Limited participation of grassroots stakeholders: – Farmers, veterinarians working in the community, and public health workers.• Veterinary service is neither part the solutions nor the approach: – Livestock is part of the main development goal.• Linkages between water & livestock production: – Not explicitly addressed.
One Health added-value Maximize the• Wide range of capacity & contribution. factors• Human, animal,& Enhance the effective environmental & safe utilization of health interface limited water resource.• Food safety & Reduce waterborne security diseases among small• Agriculture scale farmers & their animals.
Recommendations• Needs updating to address the water & small scale livestock production issues explicitly.• Use more participatory bottom up approach & take into consideration the local context.
Recommendations• Both vertical and horizontal collaboration approaches: – Within water related policies connectedness: • Water Service & Water Management – Water policies to be built on other agricultural policies: • Crop, Livestock or Land
Conclusion• NRCWSS 2020 Strategy is one of the most important long-term water related policies.• Has potential implications to small scale livestock production.• Update & revise the approach & solutions with respect to livestock production, One Health, be connected with other policies.
Acknowledgment• Department of Ecosystem & Public Health (UCVM) – Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada http://vet.ucalgary.ca/• Building Ecohealth Capacity in Asia (BECA Project), – Veterinarians Without Borders (VWB/VSF), Canada – Funded by IDRC & AusAID http://beca.spruz.com/ http://vwb-vsf.ca
Thank you very much for your attention!Photo: David Hall