1. 1 Using Disaster Inventories Databases for Loss and Damage Assessment as a driver for mainstreaming DRR into Climate Adaptation Strategies Global Risk Forum, Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction Into Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: A Governance Point of View Davos, 27 August 2012 www.unisdr.org www.unisdr.org Craig Duncunwww.preventionweb.net UNISDR
2. 2 Accounting for disaster losses is a driver for Policy Decisions • Decision to invest in Climate Adaptation and DRR is first of all a political decision. • Decisions on public investments in CCA and DRR are driven by a clear evidence of the cost of non-action. • Comprehensive risk assessments and systematic accounting for disaster losses encourage governments to take ownership of their stock of risks. Reliable databases on disaster losses: – Provide evidence of the costs of disasters and the costs of limited risk reduction investments.www.unisdr.org – Ensure that adaptation and risk reduction are prioritized in the governments investment agenda. – Allow informed decision on the cost-effective portfolio of risk management and financing adaptation strategies.
3. 3 Climate risk assessments and disaster losses databes are a mean to ensure appropriate DRR investments into Climate Adaptation Strategies • The Cancun Adaptation Framework (UNFCCC COP 16) - which provides guidance on international efforts on climate adaptation - call for: Par 14 (e): Enhancing climate change related disaster risk reduction strategies, taking into consideration the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) where appropriate; early warning systems; risk assessment and management; and sharing and transfer mechanisms such as insurance, at local, national, subregional and regional levels, as appropriate; • The HFA Priority 2 specifically targets risk assessments and disaster database as the pivotal tool to ensure effective DRR investments.www.unisdr.org
4. 4 Challenges in mainstreaming DRR into Adaptation strategies through risk assessments and disaster losses databases. The Global Assessment Report 2011 highlights the following challenges: -Further progresses are still needed, globally, to achieve systematic risk identification and assessment as most countries do not systematically track their disaster losses. -As a result, governments are often not aware of the full extent of past and present losses and damages associated with climate-related hazards and climate variability. -Without a record of existing disaster losses, there is no accuratewww.unisdr.org baseline data for future losses and damages associated with Climate Change
5. 5 Most used databases for disaster losses • EM-DAT: Public domain coverage of large-scale mortality. Weak coverage of smaller disasters. Inconsistent reporting of economic loss. • NAT-CAT and SIGMA: Re-insurance industry databases. Insured losses in developed markets. Restricted access. • ECLAC methodology evaluations: comprehensive data for selected large disasterswww.unisdr.org • National data: heterogeneous, sometimes inaccessible data held by governments, NGOs, universities and others.
6. 6 National databases: deconstructing disasters HondurasEM-DAT: Global level ofObservation,National level resolution www.unisdr.org National database: Local level of Observation, municipality level resolution
7. 7 National disaster losses databases: a clearer picture of the cost of non- adaptation to emerging climate risks 1.Small and medium-sized climate-related disasters account for approximately 96% of all disasters. 2.These disasters do not generate international humanitarian responses. 3. Recovery costs for those losseswww.unisdr.org are borne by local and national governments with a direct impact on development. Kilometers of road damaged (1970 – 2009)
8. 8 Mainstreaming DRR into CCA Strategies: a matter of information and data • Accountable recording of climatic disaster losses can: – Promote appropriate climate adaptation and risk reduction legislation and policies at the national level (informed decision making) – Be a driver for public awareness on the real level of risk for a community in a given location (and an assessment of communities’ future risks due to a changing climate)www.unisdr.org – Guide cost-wise investments (public and private)
9. 9 Disaster loss databases into the implementation of national climate adaptation strategies Climate disaster losses databases 1.Support climate risk reliable baselines against which to measure the results of national adaptation interventions 2.Support the assessments of countries’ vulnerability (at national and local levels)www.unisdr.org 3.Contributes to mainstream DRR into national CCA actions.
10. 10 … the good news • Tools already exist at national, regional and that support information and data sharing: – DesInventar (national) – EU CLIMATE-ADAPT (regional) – PreventionWeb and the GAR (global) – 70 countries by 2015www.unisdr.org