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Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative

Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative





UN-Habitat, Nairobi, Kenya



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    Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative Presentation Transcript

    • 1
    • Measuring and Promoting Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat Programme Ansa Masaud Human Settlements Officer, Risk Reduction and Reconstruction Branch, UN-Habitat, HQ, Nairobi IDRC Conference, Davos 20122
    • Urban Resilience “ The capacity of urban systems to absorb andrecover quickly from a crisis ” ”
    • Resilient CitiesThe primary goal of UN-Habitat is to realizethe goal of sustainabledevelopment in cities.Key to this is ensuring thatcities are able to withstandand recover quickly fromcatastrophic events.
    • Cities at Risk• More than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities• 2011 Highest loses in history, urban economic losses exceeding $400 billion• Largest impacts in Christchurch, New Zealand and Sendai Province, Japan• Urban and Settlements systems unable to cope with hazards and risks
    • Why an indexing approach? • All available urban systems approaches are risk based (DRR-based); • Most standards, regulations, and specifications balance risk and cost; • Risk-based approaches focus on identification and remedial development; • Indexing provides benchmarks; • Standards provide future planning targets; • Quantification and monitoring ensures progress; • Urban systems approach ensures integrated resilience planning and development, and • Resilient cities protect sustainable development trajectories. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME6
    • Key outputs from the URIP • An adaptable urban systems model suitable for all human settlements for pre, post crisis; • A menu of tools to strengthen resilience in urban areas • A set of resilience indicators for calibrating urban systems in pre and post crisis; • Global standards set for urban resilience; • A new UN-Habitat normative framework for monitoring urban systems resilience globally • Shared goals of models of urban systems URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME7
    • Global Challenges Local Realities• Two decades of on- going negotiations • Need for bottom-• Continued emphasis up, city level on national-level institution building concerns. • Transfer of capacity and know- how to engage planners and urban authorities at the frontline
    • Risk vs. Resilience • Risk: • Resilience: o Based on hazard(s) o Multi-hazard approach o Vulnerability driven o Urban systems analysis o Spatial orientation o Integrated strategies o Sector-based o Forward planning and assessments development o Remedial ‘adaptation’ o Resilience driven and ‘risk reduction’ URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME9
    • Urban systems Organization Physical Elements Space Built environment Infrastructure Transport Planning Public works Revenue Management Functional Elements Individual Tim URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME e10
    • Building an urban systems model Requirements: •An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive framework; •A system and approach for defining and quantifying components of resilience; •An interface that is accessible and user-friendly; •Ownership by urban governments •Of use to DRR, humanitarian and development actors URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME11
    • Thoughts for Urban Recovery • Infrastructure, health, housing, water, sanitation systems are an integral element of all urban systems; • Structurally sound hospitals won’t necessarily function if the hazard is a major flood, or if other urban systems fail; • Resilient health systems are ‘able to withstand and recovery quickly from any crisis’; • Functional continuity in communication, infrastructure through crises is essential for ensuring urban resilience; • Recovery and reconstruction programming in cities can increase resilience and produce measurable development gain following crisis. o
    • An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive framework • Integrates sectoral urban elements related to: o Land o Built environment o Infrastructure o Environment o Economy… • …and organizational elements such as: o Individuals o Community o Local government o Regional (district, provincial, state) o National government o …and international stakeholders URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME13
    • An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive urban framework • With spatial elements: o Smallest discrete units (plots) o Community/neighborhood o Sub-urban districts/boroughs o Urban/metro o Regional o State/national o X-border • …and: o Time – Each element of the urban system is vulnerable to any, or all of a host of hazards. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME14
    • Building tools that are accessible and user-friendly Two complex systems that require: • Integration: oTaking the adaptable urban systems model and creating quantifiable indicators for resilience • Interface: oBuildingknowledge, tools and software that allows urban managers, technical staff, and other stakeholders to determine future urban development targets to ensure resilient cities. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME15
    • Building ownership by urban governments Developing useful tools and targets: • Up to 10 pilot cities selected from the ISDR Making Cities Resilient Campaign partners; • Key partnerships and innovative linkages with city networks, communities, industry, planners, professional networks, researchers, academia, and agencies; • Linkages to UN-Habitat World Urban Campaign; • Focus on Hyogo Framework for Action and MCR Campaign, post-2015; • Targeting Habitat III conference 2016 for launching Urban Resilience Monitoring Programme. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME16
    • THANK YOU For comments and feedback: Ansa.masaud@unhabitat.org17