Tsunami awareness in Bander Chabahar, south of Iran


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Yasamin O. IZADKHAH1, Nasser H. ZAKER2, Bibielham FAKHRI BAFGHI2

1International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES) Iran, Islamic Republic of; 2Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran

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Tsunami awareness in Bander Chabahar, south of Iran

  1. 1. Yasamin O. Izadkhah,Assistant Professor, International Inst. OfEarthquake Engineering and Seismology (IEES), IranBibi Elham Fakhri,MSc Graduate, University of Tehran, Iran IDRC Davos 2012
  3. 3. One of the most devastating natural disasters Usually results in death of thousands people andbillions of dollars of damageo Terrible Tsunami in Japan, 11 March 2011o Deadly Tsunami in Indonesia, 26 December 2004o Tsunami in Makran Subduction Zone,28 November 1945 by an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 o With the death toll of more than 4000 people o Along the coastlines of Iran, Pakistan, India & Oman
  4. 4. Two main Tsunamigenic Sources in Indian Oceano Indonesia Subduction Zoneo Makran Subduction Zone
  5. 5. CHABAHARChabahar is a free port (Free Trade Zone)on the coast of the Gulf of Oman;The largest coastal city of Iran in theNorthern part of the Oman (Makran) Sea,adjacent to Makran Sub-duction Zone;Located in Sistan-Balouchestan Province;Chabahar is Irans southernmost city;warm climate 35 in June;At the 2006 census, its population was71,070, in 13,837 families;The most vulnerable region in Iran totsunamis with 300Km of water border withOman Sea;
  6. 6. Situation of Chabahaar In Iran Epicenter of 1945 Tsunami In Makran sea
  7. 7. Distributing questionnaires to three various groups of respondents including:- Residents,- School children, and- Governmental officials.
  8. 8. Collecting data by field technique through simplerandom sampling;Face to face interviews and library studies.
  9. 9. Familiarity with the word and concept of "Tsunami": 15% of people were completely unfamiliar with the word "Tsunami". Only %69.5 of those who were familiar with the term could define it correctly. About 70% of all who were familiar with tsunami were males.Effect of Indonesia tsunami on raising awareness: 78% of those who knew about tsunami were unaware of it before the tsunami.
  10. 10. Probable occurrence of tsunamis in the region: Only 52.8% of people were positive about the probable occurrence of tsunami. Necessity of existence of Tsunami Early Warningsystem in the region:  77% of people were unaware of the existence of such a system  59.4% even didn’t know if such a system existed at allInterest in training about tsunami: 96% were so eager to learn and to be trained about tsunami
  11. 11. Investigating the role of some factors such as:- The distance of the person’s house to the coast,- Educationon the public knowledge of people:  Distance had no effect on the knowledge of people. The high knowledge level of the students to tsunami is significant. The role of school teaching was far more highlighted.
  12. 12. Awareness of 41.5 % of the governmental officials about warning system of tsunami. This level of awareness was acceptable comparing with that of the normal level in society.Moreover, over 45% of the governmental officials were also familiar with methods of confronting against tsunamis;
  13. 13. Four categories for acquiring knowledge about tsunamiamong people:
  14. 14. Estimation of tsunami run-up in peoples point of viewPeople’s lack of knowledge about the run-up is evident whichis quite understandable due to their limited knowledge about tsunamis.
  15. 15. Estimation of the tsunamidevelopment towards coastline based onpeoples point of view
  16. 16.  The overall knowledge of people about tsunami was not satisfactory, especially among women.Students play an important role in transferring knowledge to their parents, and more knowledge- able than others regarding tsunami, it would be a good idea to start training them from school.Regarding to the role of media in raising people’s knowledge, producing educational programs in this regard to be broadcasted on TV and radio, especially on local channels would be very useful.
  17. 17. Setting up billboards in the city implying the dangers of tsunami and the ways of confronting it would be quite good to raise knowledge. Also holding posters in public places is beneficial.Due to the cultural shortages, preaching safety culture seems to be a hard job. However, this duty can be done by the religious leaders. Finally and most important, the training and education must be in accordance with people’s cultural background.
  18. 18. Email: izad@iiees.ac.ir