Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities


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GRF 2nd One Health Summit 2013: Presentation by Jed Magen, Michigan State University

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Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities

  1. 1. Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities Jed Magen DO MS Farha Abbasi MD College of Osteopathic Medicine Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
  2. 2. “No Health Without Mental Health” • Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders are 2nd leading cause of Disability Adjusted Life Years worldwide • Depressive Disorders account for 40% of mental health issues Global Burden of Disease Attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the global burden of disease study 2010 Lancet 382:9904;1575-1586
  3. 3. “No Health Without Mental Health” The economic burdens associated with mental disorders exceed those associated with each of four other major categories of noncommunicable disease: diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and cancer.
  4. 4. One Health concepts as applied to Mental Health: • integrated approaches to human/environment problems • identifying risk • prevention • intervention and policy
  5. 5. One Health concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • understanding multiple inputs in the environment and resultant dysfunctions in communities and ecosystems resulting in individual disorders.
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION • Multilevel stakeholders – International – National – Local/community • Community members • Community leaders – Ethnic – Religious One Health
  7. 7. One Health Concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • understanding community organization • understanding epidemiology of disorders in community
  8. 8. One Health Concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • identifying community stakeholders, leaders • identifying interventions that are accepted, can be implemented by lay persons and will be effective
  9. 9. Interviews with 300,000 US households • anger, stresses, and worry are more likely to be reported by some groups of Muslim Americans than by their racial counterparts and other faiths.
  10. 10. • Muslim Americans were the least likely religious group to be thriving, especially when compared with Jewish Americans and Mormons. • Muslim youth age 18 to 28 were the least happy and most angry compared to youth of other faith groups. Muslim Americans: A National Portrait." Gallup Center for Muslim Studies 2009
  11. 11. Muslim Mental Health Initiatives Objectives • developing resilience in the Muslim community by engaging, educating and empowering. • keeping hierarchal and collectivistic approaches of these groups, the community and religious leaders
  12. 12. This model can easily be applied to other minority groups.
  13. 13. Community Organization F a m ily - I m m e d ia t e o r E x e n d e d A lt e r n a t iv e M e d ic in e P r a c t it io n e r C o m m u n it y E ld e r P r im a r y C a r e P r o v id e r M e n t a l H e a lt h S e r v ic e s R e lig io u s / S p ir it u a l L e a d e r
  14. 14. Muslim Mental Health Conferences Stakeholders • community leaders • religious leaders=Imams • other interested individuals
  15. 15. Muslim Mental Health Conferences • collaboration with large, well connected community welfare organizations • Muslim psychiatrist from academic department leads • agreement with key stakeholders on topics • effective collaborations
  16. 16. Goals • Awareness • Acceptance • Access
  17. 17. Muslim Mental Health Initiatives •Improving awareness of the frequency and importance of mental health issues
  18. 18. awareness • • • • • active listening cultural sensitivity trauma management community-based activities community empowerment
  19. 19. Acceptance
  20. 20. Decreasing the sense of isolation by teaching cultural competence to the non-Muslim Providers. Educating them about Islamophobia as a form of racism, creating more acceptance around spiritual/religious practices.
  21. 21. ACCESS • barriers to care • health disparities • faith based mental health
  22. 22. Training Imam’s/chaplains to better understand behavioral disorders, handle mental health crises and to be able to refer to mental health services.
  23. 23. Impact • over 100 Imams and community leaders trained as first aid mental health workers. • more awareness in congregations. • decrease in stigma?
  24. 24. Impact • increased willingness to seek help and treatment? • mental health training has become a component of Islamic chaplaincy training.
  25. 25. Next Steps secure funding for community surveys • mosques where Imam has training vs those where there is no training