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Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"
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Elena María ABRAHAM "Drylands, desertification and macro-economic policy drivers in Argentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province"

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  • Amongthemaindesertificationprocesses in theRegion are:Macroeconomicpublicpoliciesthatresulted in a deep territorial imbalance and social inequity, throughthedevelopment of cultivated drylands at the expense of non irrigateddrylands. Extraction of the natural and social capital of non irrigated drylands fordevelopment of theoases and cities.
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    1. Drylands, desertification andmacro-economic policy drivers inArgentina’s central west: a case study in Mendoza province Elena María Abraham y Laura Torres Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    2. CONTENTSArgentina: a dry country affected by desertificationThe dry central Andes Region, Monte desert biomeThe case of Mendoza province: underlying the problems of desertification is the concentration of water, soils and policiesRecommendations for decision makers Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    3. Argentina,an Arid Country The greatest environmental issue in drylands is desertification, the cause and consequence of non sustainable models of development Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    4. DRYLANDS AND DESERTIFICATION IN ARGENTINA 53º38`W Dry lands : - 70% of the national territory (270 million ha), - 12% of the total surface water resources - 50% of the agricultural production - 47% of the livestock production Hiperarid and arid - Productive activities developed in the Semiarid Dry subhumid “oases” (1.5 million ha). Subhumid Humid Study area Desertification : Falkland Islands - 60 million ha show erosion processes, - 40% of the oases area shows salinization (Malvinas) and water-logging,55º58`S 73º35` W Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    5. This situation becomes critical in the dry central Andes, especially in Mendoza: 150.000 Km2 1.500.000 inhabitants 200 mm annual mean precipitation whose economy depends on the Andean rivers.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    6. Arid and semiarid zones show a marked heterogeneity, ranging from the Andean desert, with the highest peak in America, Aconcagua (6959 m asl), to the vast alluvial plains in the east (less than 400 m asl )Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    7. Human population is largely concentrated in the oases where irrigated land is farmed, “Oases” cover 3% of the territory, with 95% of the population (300 inhab/km2) Extensive livestock raising is practiced in the drylands, where the number of rural settlements is low (0.7 inhab/km2)Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    8. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    9. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    10. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    11. The selected development model excludes non irrigated landsand their people. Only part of the drylands, the oases had a willfor transformation, using no irrigated drylands as suppliers ofresources and labour. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    12. The two sides of Mendoza A heterogeneous environment marked by aridity, restricted water and soil resources, loss of biodiversity, natural hazards and desertification, with strong economic and territorial imbalance, whose main expression is the contradiction between irrigated and non irrigated drylands.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    13. The water regulatory framework allowed organization of water administration and territory development from the perspective of a traditional model of irrigated agriculture starting during the late nineteenth Century, which no longer fullfills the current and future demands and transformations from a strategic perspective. To contemplate the needs of all inhabitants, not only those in the oases, it is necessary to reformulate the main legal framework.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    14. CONFLICTS BETWEEN OASIS-NON IRRIGATED AREAS Non irrigated drylands of Mendoza severe desertification processes high poverty levels lack of infrastructure and services - Subsistence Producers (goat breeding) Livestock Companies Main - Oil and Mining Companies stakeholders -Tourist activities of non - The State (conservation programms for irrigated protected areas) drylands -Agricultural Companies (groundwater resources)Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    15. AMONG THE MAIN DESERTIFICATION PROCESSES IN THE REGION ARE: Macroeconomic public policies that brought about a deep territorial imbalance and social inequity, based on the development of cultivated drylands (oasis) at the expense of non irrigated drylands (desert). Extraction of the natural and social capital of non irrigated drylands ción for the development of the oases and cities Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    16. DISAPPEARANCE OF THE NATIVE PROSOPIS FLEXUOSA WOODLAND Between 1901 and 1935, a total of 992,478 metric tons of forest products were commercialized, desertifying an area of 198,550 ha of logged woodland on the plains east of Mendoza Liverstock Grass 11,7% 16,5% Charcoal Firewood 2,4% 59,7% Timber 9,7% Area covered by native forest according to the delegates of the Department of La Paz in 1886 and 1887 (After HAM 1886-1897). Source: Abraham ande 5. Percentage of plain forest products transported between 1901 and 1935 Prieto, 2000 Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    17. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DECISION MAKERS Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    18. • To design and implement public policies aimed to achieve• complementation and not competition between irrigated and• non-irrigated drylands (oasis and desert).• To implement legal tools tending to achieve recovery of the• natural and social capital lost to desertification of non- irrigated• drylands, “integrated projects” that accompany the restitution• of land to indigenous peoples:  Access to water for human and animal use  Technological package for recovering desertified lands and for agro-silvopastoral use with the land’s endogenous resources.  Improvement of infrastructure and services in non-irrigated drylands.  Production diversification and access to education and markets. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    19. • To mitigate existing imbalances between irrigated and non- irrigated drylands in the province, facilitating their integration and complementarity and promoting equality for all inhabitants.. Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    20. Increasing system’s resilience/Food Security Sustainable Land Management Combat of desertification and poverty / Integrated assessment- RestorationInstituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
    21. MUCHAS GRACIAS!!!Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA) CONICET-Gobierno de Mendoza- Universidad Nacional de Cuyo

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