UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn    Catastrophic shifts in drylands: ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn    Catastrophic shifts in drylands: ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn  One of the most challenging themes ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn  Critical transitions can be explain...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- Bonn UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn   CASCADE combines manipulative exp...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 BonnCASCADE investigates dryland ecosyste...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                               Specif...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn                                     ...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn            WB 2: Historical evolutio...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Major expected impacts of CASCADE: K...
UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn         Involve and engage all relev...
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Susana BAUTISTA "Introduction of the CASCADE Project and ways in which we plan to involve non-scientific stakeholders"

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Susana BAUTISTA "Introduction of the CASCADE Project and ways in which we plan to involve non-scientific stakeholders"

  1. 1. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Catastrophic shifts in drylands: how can we prevent ecosystem degradation? Introduction of the CASCADE project Susana Bautista Collaborative Large Integrated Project (IP) 2012-2017 www.cascade-project.eu
  2. 2. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Catastrophic shifts in drylands: how can we prevent ecosystem degradation? Introduction of the CASCADE project Coordination: Prof. Coen Ritsema
  3. 3. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn One of the most challenging themes in ecology over the last decades is the quest for the understanding of critical transitions (tipping points) in ecosystems… CASCADE focuses on critical transitions in dryland ecosystems Such shifts in drylands may imply major losses of biological diversity, ecosystem functioning, and provision of ecosystem services
  4. 4. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Critical transitions can be explained by linkages among Vegetation structure Availability of (species composition, resources cover) (water, nutrients) Biotic and abiotic disturbances Empirical evidence?? Mayor et al. 2013
  5. 5. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- Bonn UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn CASCADE combines manipulative experiments, models, and field assessment to investigate catastrophic shifts Objectives- Better understanding of sudden shifts in drylands that may lead to major losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services.- Improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying sudden and catastrophic shifts, and of the key biotic and abiotic factors influencing these processes.- Develop ways to predict the proximity of dryland ecosystems to tipping points in such a way that these predictions can be used by policymakers and land users for more sustainable management of drylands worldwide.
  6. 6. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 BonnCASCADE investigates dryland ecosystems in southern Europe :6 study sites in the Mediterranean region Fire recurrence Past overexploitation (grazing, wood gathering, ..) Land abandonment; grazing mismanagement Overgrazing
  7. 7. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Analyse the historical and current state of selected dryland ecosystems in relation to climate and human activities, and the role of tipping points in their degradation processes (WP2)
  8. 8. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Unravel regulating processes in plant-soil system dynamics and tipping points (WP3)
  9. 9. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Assess on a field mesocosm scale the interplay between vegetation structures (spatial patterns and composition) , resource redistribution and sudden regime shifts (WP4)
  10. 10. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives Assess on a landscape scale the changes in vegetation structure (composition, cover, spatial patterns) and ecosystem services associated to regime shifts, as well as the potential of restoration of degraded systems (WP5)
  11. 11. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Develop a spatially explicit model that links the empirical observations on the various scales in WP3, WP4 and WP5 to come up with empirically based indicators of the proximity of the ecosystems to tipping points(WP6)
  12. 12. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Design management strategies to deal with tipping points in dryland ecosystems; comprehensive guidelines including principles, best practices, implementation approaches and recommendations (WP7)
  13. 13. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives - Integrate socio-economic factors into the ecological model and undertake scenario analyses of land management strategies, to enable formulation of policy recommendations for dryland management (WP8)
  14. 14. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Specific Objectives Make the results accessible to the scientific community focused on the outcomes of the integrated modelling, indicators of sudden shifts, and adaptation strategies, and develop a multi-media communication strategy on knowledge transfer and dissemination (WP9)
  15. 15. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn WB 2: Historical evolution and WB 3: Field microplot experiments WB 4: Manipulative f ield current state of Mediterranean to unravel regulating processes in mesocosms experiments on dryland ecosystems in relation to plant-soil ecosystem dynamics ecosystems dynamics climate and human activities Coordinator: TUC, Greece Coordinator: WU, Netherlands Coordinator: UALI, Spain : 9 B W WB 5: Landscape assessments WB 6: Development and on thresholds dynamics application of integrated soil-water- plant models describing m i f s a r t g d e l w o n K y l I , S D E M : t a n i d r o C catastrophic shif ts spatially and dynamically Coordinator: CNRS, France Coordinator: CEAM, Spain WB 7: Evaluation of land use and management to prevent catostrophic shif ts, and preparation of guidelines f or m P g a n d e o c r t i j natural resource managers N A C h n d o s e a r : t , l i Coordinator: UNIBE,Switzerland W B 1 : WB 8: Scenario analysis of upscaling preventive and restorative measures and policy recommendations at local to international scales Coordinator: UNIVLEED, U.K.
  16. 16. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Major expected impacts of CASCADE: Knowledge impact. Advancement of knowledge on dryland ecosystem functioning with regard to tipping points and sudden anthropogenic or climate induced shifts. Community impact. Development of land use and management measures aimed at preventing catastrophic shifts of ecosystems and preserving ecosystem functions and services for the populations living in European drylands. Policy impact. Feeding knowledge and recommendations to policy makers at the regional, national and international level
  17. 17. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 -- BonnUNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference 2013 Bonn Involve and engage all relevant stakeholders THANKS

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