1. Working Session Strengthening Resilience in the context of learning and transformationWith contribution from IDRC Davos 2012
2. Strengthening resilience in the context of learning andtransformation Nicole Clot Advisor DRR and ACC Environment and Climate Change IDRC Davos 2012
3. Agenda of the session• Summarizing the case studies• Learning and Transformation and its signification• Key messages• Plenum Discussion• Wrap up and closing
4. Features contributing to resilience building• Constant learning from phase to phase• Strengthening of existing structures and stakeholders at the local level (key competence)• Trust is a precondition for resilience building• Multi-hazard risk management approaches provide opportunities to reduce complex and compound hazards in rural and urban contexts• Risk maps help and link community and local governance (common interests)• Bridge the gap between national and local stakeholders• Intersectoral approach is better able to tackle the root causes The ability to learn is key in the process of resilience building (SREX 2012)
5. Learning and TransformationA resilient future is a choice that involvesproactive measures that promotetransformations, including adaptivemanagement, learning, innovation, andleadership capacity to manage risks anduncertainty.Actions that range from incremental steps totransformational changes are essential forreducing risk from climate extremes.Source: SREX 2012
6. Learning and TransformationLearning• Incremental steps: aim to improve efficiency within existing technological, governance and value systems.Transformation• Transformation involves fundamental changes in the attributes of a system; meaning value systems; regulatory, legislative, or bureaucratic regimes; financial institutions; and technological or biological systems.• Especially in countries where vulnerability is high and the adaptive capacity low, changes in extreme climate and weather events can make it difficult for systems to adapt sustainably without transformational changesSource: SREX 2012
7. Key Messages (i)From protecting lives to protecting livelihoods• Exposure and vulnerability are growing, but causalities are decreasing.Local level is crucial• In the absence of a functioning state, DRR at the micro level is even more crucial and can have a significant positive impact.• The protection of natural hazards is often a higher priority for communities than reflected in national budgets and plans.DRR demands a long-term perspective• Learning and transformation are long-term processes. However, in reality DRR projects are often short-term (e.g. financial constraints, DRR not a development issue).
8. Key Messages (ii)Facilitation of learning and transformation processes are at the core of DRRinterventions• The intervention of technical aspects is important, but the soft component is even more crucial. The strengthening of stakeholder‘s capacities is key and shall be at the core of all interventions.• NGOs support learning processes and contribute to empowerment; to a certain extent, they also contribute to pathing the way, but do not trigger transformational changes (e.g. external mandatory regulations, laws etc.)• Recurrent crises interrupt learning processes and make it difficult for a community/country to go through such a process.
9. Questions for plenum Post Hyogo Framework for Action must focus more on the community-level and NGO are well placed to take over a key role.• How can other stakeholders contribute to a better process of learning and transformation?• How do other actors see their cooperation with NGOs in order to enhance the learning and transformational process?