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Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World:  A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo
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Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World: A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo

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Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World: A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo Professor and Dept. Head, Colorado State University, ...

Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World: A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo Professor and Dept. Head, Colorado State University, USA; during the Special Event "The Socio-Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought" during the WEF Annual Meeting 2011 in Davos Switzerland

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Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World:  A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World: A Case Study in Southern Mexico by Michael J. Manfredo Presentation Transcript

  • Socio-economic Impacts of Land Degradation and the Need for Leadership for A Complex World:
    A Case Study in Southern Mexico
  • 97% of Mexico’s Lands Are Experiencing Land Degradation
    60% is Severely Degraded
    2250 Sq. KM of Are Abandoned Each Year
    Land Degradation Key To Human Migration
    Source: Risk of Human-Induced Desertification
    http://soils.usda.gov/use/worldsoils/mapindex/dsrtrisk.html
  • Causes of Degradation
    • Clearing and cultivating lands unsuitable for agriculture/ inadequate precautions against erosion
    • Overgrazing lands
    • Exploiting forests and other vegetation for fuel, consumption, and sales
    • Adopting poor water management and irrigation practices
    • Urban expansion, mining, and public works.
  • - HALF THE POPULATION IN MEXICO LIVES IN POVERTY, ONE FIFTH LIVES IN EXTREME POVERTY
    - LAND DEGRADATION CONTRIBUTES SIGNIFICANLY TO THE 900,000 PERSON
    MIGRATION THAT OCCURS IN MEXICO ANNUALLY – (5.3 MILLION UNDOCUMENTED
    MEXICANS IN THE U.S.)
    • MIGRATION AND LAND DEGREDATION ARE PROBLEMS BORNE FROM MANY COMPLEX FORCES
    • WE NEED “BRUNDTLAND LEADERS”
  • Example From
    Chiapas and Sierra Madre Region
    “The Pleistocene Refuge”
    Source: Risk of Human-Induced Desertification
    http://soils.usda.gov/use/worldsoils/mapindex/dsrtrisk.html
  • Channelizing Waterways Chokes the Life From Estuaries and Ruins Fisheries
  • Traditional Agriculture: Milpa – Mayan form of agriculture intercropping of maize, squash, legumes with rotation of forest fallow.
    Emerging Form: Procampo – Government policy gives subsides per hectare (867 pesos). Based on acres in production in 1993. Had to crop every year. Expanding agricultural area for staple crops. Leading to deforestation and degradation.
  • International
    Policy (Free
    Trade, Migration
    Drug)
    Finance,
    Investment,
    Development
    Assistance
    Global
    Economic
    Conditions,
    Market Prices
    Ebbs and
    Flows of
    Political
    Response
    Social and
    Power
    Resource
    Imbalance
    Agricultural
    Policy of
    (Price control to
    Subsidies)
    Individual
    Conditions
    Wealth
    or poverty,
    resources
    and ability
    Land
    Tenure
    And traditions
    Specific
    Land Use,
    Livelihood
    Decisions
    Migration
    Degradation
    Ecological Changes Affecting Productivity and Sustainability
  • A Systemic Approach: Creating A Generation of Leaders
    Who Understand Complexity
    “No one great leader can fix this nest of problems…We need thousands of Susan B. Anthonys, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther Kings, CeasarChavezes, Franklin Roosevelts, Eleanor Roosevelts…
    We will need champions by the truckload”. Van Jones 2008, The Green Collar Economy
    Van Jones in The Green Collar Economy (2008)
  • Conservation Leadership Through Learning
    3 Main Components
    (1) Integrated, Problem-based Education
    (2) Learning Community
    (3)Multi-level Perspectives
  • We need leaders who…
    think differently…
    embrace complexity…
    and see the human and environmental condition as one.
  • Synergistic Learning to Promote Systems Thinking in Action
    4. Integrated systemsunderstanding
    EnvironmentalProblems
    1. Framing
    the problem
    5. Systems thinking drives solutions
    6. Monitoring & evaluation
    3. Bracketed relationships
    2. Fundamentals
  • Conservation Leadership Specialization - HDNR