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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • Now reserchers have already identified a range of issues
    regarding successful implemention of disaster risk management activites
    and some of them are like
    Successful implemention of these framworks requies realistic disaster risk management activites,
    Futute climate change issues should be incorporated in the risk manamement system.
  • Saadia_IDRC14-ppp-template

    1. 1. An inclusive approach to disaster 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org risk management Saadia Majeed PhD Student Department of Management Monash University AUSTRALIA Saadia.Majeed@monash.edu
    2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    3. 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    4. 4. • Orientation of the project - Study setting - What is disaster risk management ? - disaster risk reduction / management frameworks 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • How it relates to Hyogo Framework for Action • Value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
    5. 5. Table 1: Bangladesh risk profile Human Exposure Economic exposure 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Hazard Population exposed Ranking %GDP exposed Ranking Flood 19,279,960 1st out of 162 14.51% 1st out of 162 Cyclone 4,641,060 6th out of 89 3.56% 47th out of 89 Tsunami 1,598,546 3rd out of 76 0.98% 17th out of 76 Earthquake 1,330,958 17th out of 153 1.01% 72nd out of 153 Drought 642,277 63rd out of 184 - - Landslide 3,758 35th out of 162 0.25% 46th out of 162 Source : Preventionweb, 2014
    6. 6. Table 2: A list of major disaster occurred in Bangladesh 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disasters in Bangladesh Year Nature of Disaster Death toll 1970 Cyclone 500,000 1985 Cyclone 11,069 1987 Flood 1657 1988 Cyclone and flood 7457 1991 Cyclone 138,000 1997 Cyclone 550 1998 Flood 1050 2000 Flood 36 2007 Cyclone 3295 2009 Cyclone 190 2012 Flood and landslide 100 Source : Hossain (2011) and Ahmed (2012)
    7. 7. Disaster Prone Areas in Bangladesh (By Districts) N 50 0 50 Kilometers G E S T B E W E N A LEGEND W International Boundary District Boundary Cyclone & Tidal Surge A S S A M 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 River Brahmaputra ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org I N D I A I N D I A I N D I A I N D I A I N D I A B A Y O F B E N G A L River Systems Flood Flash Flood Drought St. Mar tin Is. Management Information & Monitoring (MIM) Division Disaster Management Bureau (DMB), September 13 '99 L S T B E N G A L M E G H L A Y A A A S S A M T R I P U R A M I Z O R A M A Y N R A M M A t r a i R. G o r a i R. K a c h a R. P a s h u r R. G A N G E S R. T i s t a R. O l d B r a h m a p u t r a S u r m a Bay of Bengal The Sundarbans
    8. 8. Flood Area 1 River erosion 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 8
    9. 9. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Cyclone Area 2 Storm surge Source: Daily prothom-alo, 2007
    10. 10. Awareness Prevention 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland Community Community based organizations www.grforum.org Preparedness Warning Response Source: rupantor.com Source: bbc.com.uk
    11. 11. Disaster Risk Management ? Disaster risk management is a “systematic process of using administrative directives, organizations, and operational skills and capacities to implement strategies, policies and improved coping capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the possibility of disaster” (UNISDR, 2009) 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Figure 1: Disaster risk management and its components Source: UNISDR & UNDP, 2012, p 3
    12. 12. Disaster Risk Management in Bangladesh Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief Department of Disaster Management National and Local Level Institutional Arrangements 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Figure 2: Institutional arrangement of disaster management in Bangladesh
    13. 13. Disaster Risk Management in Bangladesh 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Figure 3: Disaster management regulatory arrangement in Bangladesh
    14. 14. • Standing Orders on Disasters only specifies the administrative arrangements, 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org operational modalities and responsibilities for government agencies. • Future climate risks in the disaster management mechanism is not incorporated • The recognition and scope for contribution of other sectors especially the academic, corporate and non-government sector is vague. • climate change issues are institutionally dealt by the climate change cell under the Ministry of Environment; whereas the disaster managed issues are the concern of the Ministry of Disaster
    15. 15. Disaster Risk Reduction / Management framework 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org •Global level - Hyogo Framework for Action •Regional level – South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) disaster management framework •National level – Philippine , Indonesia , South Africa
    16. 16. • Successful implementation of these frameworks requires realistic disaster risk management activities which still remain a challenge due to lack of theoretical knowledgebase (Christoplos, Mitchell, & Liljelund, 2001; Wisner, Gaillard, & Kelman, 2012) 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • the best possible way to reduce disaster risks is to tighten the disaster risk management systems by identifying loopholes and improving upon them while keeping future risks in consideration (Prabhakar, S., Srinivasan, A., & Shaw, R. 2009; Thomalla, Downing, Siegfried, Han, & Rockstrom, 2006). • current approach to reducing disaster risks is not sufficient for addressing the future climate change scenario (Boher & Dainty, 2011; Sperling & Szekely, 2005). • current disaster management systems largely rely on risk assessment procedure that considers historical hazard data for short-term hazard warning or forecasting, which do not necessarily incorporate climate monitoring or prediction in the system (Ferrier & Emdad, 2003; Thomalla, Downing, Siegfried, Han, & Rockstrom, 2006).
    17. 17. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org So what ?
    18. 18. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    19. 19. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    20. 20. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    21. 21. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    22. 22. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    23. 23. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 www.grforum.org 23 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
    24. 24. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 www.grforum.org 24 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
    25. 25. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    26. 26. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    27. 27. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 www.grforum.org 27 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
    28. 28. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org •Grounded theory •Interviews and FGD •Qualitative data analysis •Identified issues - Literature review - Empirical research
    29. 29. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Local level Area 1 & 2 National Level Global / regional level Compatibility among identified issues
    30. 30. Figure 5: Concept of inclusive disaster risk management through communication 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    31. 31. Added for value for the Post 2015 Framework 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • How did my work support the implementation of HFA: – I have analysed the HFA framework, and examined the implementation of HFA at national and local level in Bangladesh through empirical research. – The findings of this research has identified that implementation of HFA requires improvement in the area of inclusive risk governance and strategic management.
    32. 32. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • My perspective on the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for DRR – Research: Development of research strategy that will link-up all previous and current research in the field. Also, it will create imputes to link between scientific research and evidence-based policy and practice. – Education & Training: …… the research findings are not published, exchanged and applied locally nationally and internationally… to create a national platform, where such research finding will be publicly available with an option for improvisation of the findings based on public comments.
    33. 33. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction – Implementation & Practice: Dissemination of DRR courses through vocational training programmes and learnerships …..courses should be designed for multiple audiences, including local level disaster managers, as well as, public service cadre, who are involved in DRM, but not participating any kind of formal education system. – Policy: The policy dialogue should link issues of effective DRM governance and legislation, also outline the arrangement of financial and intuitional measures require to implement DRM legislations, acts and guidelines.
    34. 34. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org References 34 Adger, W. N., Huq, S., Brown, K., Conway, D., & Hulme, M. (2003). Adaptation to climate change in the developing world. Progress in Development Studies, 3(3), 179-195. Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I., & Wisner, B. (2004). At Risk:natural hazards people's vulnerability and disasters (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. Boeije, H. (2002). A purposeful approach to the constant comparative method in the analysis of qualitative interviews. Quality & Quantity, 36, 391-409. Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing grounded theory : a practical guide through qualitative analysis. London: Sage Publication. Christoplos, I., Mitchell, J., & Liljelund, A. (2001). Re-framing risk : changing context of disaster mitigation and preparedness. Disaster,25(3), 185-198. Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approches. London: Sage Publications. Creswell, J. W., & Miller, D. L. (2000). Determining Validity in Qualitative Inquiry. Theory Into Practice, 39(3), 124-130. Crotty, M. (1998). The foundations of social research : meaning and perspective in the research process. London: Sage Publications. O'Brien, G., O'Keefe, P., Gadema, Z., & Swords, J. (2010). Approaching disaster management through social learning. Disaster prevention and management, 19(4), 498. Oliver-Smith, A., & Hoffman, S. M. (1999). The angry earth:disaster in anthropological perspective. New York: Routledge. Robson, C. (2003). Real world research : a resource for social scientists and practitioner-researchers (2nd ed.). Oxford, UK ; Madden, Mass: Blackwell Publishers. UNISDR. (2009). Terminology on disaster risk reduction. Geneva : United Nations Secretariat to the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction UNISDR, & UNDP. (2012). Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific: an Institutional and Policy Analysis. Geneva: United Nations Secretariat to the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, United Nations Developemt Programe.

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