5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
5th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & ...
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RICCARDI-Crowdsourcing during disaster operations-ID1121-IDRC2014_b

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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RICCARDI-Crowdsourcing during disaster operations-ID1121-IDRC2014_b

  1. 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Use of Crowdsourcing during Disaster Operations Mark T. Riccardi, Ph.D. American Public University System United States of America
  2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Who Am I? • Retired US Army officer with 21 years active service. • Associate Professor and Program Director for Homeland Security Studies at American Military University. • Provided military support to multiple disasters in the state of Colorado during my career. • Research interest in disaster management.
  3. 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org What did I research? • Crowdsourcing: Using the power of the internet to “virtually” bring together groups in support of a cause or event. • How can disaster managers crowdsource their event in order to save lives and speed recovery efforts. Global Selfie ©Photo by NASA ©Photo by Shutterstock
  4. 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Case 2012 Waldo Canyon Fire 2013 Black Forest Fire ©Photo by RJ Sangosti, The Denver Post ©Photo by NASA
  5. 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Case 2010 Haiti Earthquake ©Photo by Estaban Felix, Associated Press©Photo by NASA
  6. 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Data • Literature review • Senior officials from the Colorado Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management • Researchers from Rutgers and Purdue University; part of the US Department of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence
  7. 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Results • Several themes emerged during pattern coding that could help emergency planners maximize the benefit of crowdsourcing during disaster operations: – Control – Verification – Usage
  8. 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Control • Key motivation for disaster victims – This motivation can increase participation in crowdsourcing and social media reporting • Will help victims cope with disaster – Coping could increase quality of reporting • Victims want to contribute to recovery effort – Result is a large number of “human sensors”
  9. 9. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Verification • Data from within the disaster as well as from around the world • Requires manpower to analyze and verify incoming information • Information requires action
  10. 10. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Usage • Develop situation maps • Monitor social media feeds • Ushahidi
  11. 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Challenges • Stress • Personnel • Buy in • Technology
  12. 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Examples • Donations • Early Warning • Situational Awareness • Damage Assessment • Volunteers • Communication
  13. 13. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – This research could help promote the use of knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels – Strengthen disaster preparedness for response at all levels • From your perspective what are the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in – Research: – Education & Training: – Implementation & Practice: – Policy:
  14. 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Questions?

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