Promote urban resilience through collaborative urban services management

645 views
501 views

Published on

Marie TOUBIN1,2,3, Jean-Paul ARNAUD1, Damien SERRE2, Youssef DIAB2, Richard LAGANIER3

1Egis, France; 2Université Paris-Est, EIVP, France; 3Université Paris-Diderot, UMR PRODIG, France

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
645
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Promote urban resilience through collaborative urban services management

  1. 1. PROMOTE URBAN RESILIENCE THROUGH COLLABORATIVE URBAN SERVICES MANAGEMENTMarie Toubin Session: Natural Hazard Resilient Cities
  2. 2. Presentation plan2  Context and objectives of the research  The new resilience approach in risk management  An operational translation for local authorities  The role and importance of urban services  Methodology  An auto-diagnosis tool to identify dependencies  Analysis of interdependencies between urban services  A typology requiring to refine the approach  Perspectives  Territorial analysis of networks resilience  Assessment of city’s resilience Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  3. 3. What is resilience?3  Context and objectives  The resilience approach  Systemic approach  Multi-scalar considerations  New abilities: adaptation, absorption, learning Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  4. 4. Can the city be considered as a system ?4  Context and objectives  The resilience approach  Urban sub-systems  Urban functions: shelter, economy, culture, …  Integrated assessment: interactions, spatial and temporal scales Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  5. 5. Urban resilience5  Context and objectives  The resilience approach Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  6. 6. Urban functions depend on networks6  Context and objectives  An operational translation for local authorities Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  7. 7. Urban functions depend on networks7  Context and objectives  An operational translation for local authorities  Improve urban resilience by improving urban services’ resilience  Provide basic needs to the population  Enable the continuity of economic activity  Facilitate recovery  A levier of action for local authorities  Involvement of all territory stakeholders Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  8. 8. Urban services specificities8  Context and objectives  The role and importance of urban services  Socio-technical objects  Managers with social and economical objectives  Technical complexity and geographical extension  Necessary before, during and after a disaster  Preparation: vulnerability reduction, human and material resources pre- positioning  Reaction: avoiding additional risks, safety and emergency actions  Recovery: basic needs, reconstruction  With a resilient management?  Public and private societies  Sector-based management  Numerous and complex interdependencies Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  9. 9. Urban services specificities9  Context and objectives  The role and importance of urban services Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  10. 10. Assess the functioning of urban services under disturbances10  Methodology  An auto-diagnosis tool  Input-output description at a macroscopic level  Avoid safety and competitiveness issues  Overcome lack of knowledge  Criticality assessment:  Capacity of autonomy?  Impacts of disruption? Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  11. 11. A system of systems11  Methodology  Analysis of interdependencies  Matrix construction and graph analysis Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  12. 12. Typology of interdependencies12  Methodology  Analysis of interdependencies  Outcome of a collaborative workshop Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  13. 13. Discussion about difficulties and solutions13  Methodology  Need for refining the description  Differenciate difficulties and solutions following the system  Punctual/integrated, protection/reorganisation, strenghtening/alternatives Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  14. 14. Identify components and interdependencies within a territory14  Perspectives  Territorial analysis of networks resilience  Locate critical components of each system  Assess their intrinsic vulnerability (exposure to risks, internal resources and functioning)  Assess their dependencies to external resources (before, during and after a crisis)  Identify their strategies  Resilient measures  Actions to be realized (location, time, means)  Compare with disturbance scenarios:  Failures in resource supply  Changes in the risk scenario (duration, intensity) Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  15. 15. Match the needs of urban issues with services impacts15  Perspectives  Assessment of city’s resilience  A service disruption as a new risk for the territory  Impacts for economic, political and social issues Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  16. 16. The RESILIS Project16  Perspectives  Assessment of city’s resilience  Articulate the urban services analysis within an integrated approach Technical resilience •Technical networks, buildings •Resistance, absorption, redundancy Organizational Cultural resilience resilience •Decision-makers, •Urban services, populations, managers administrations, •Preparation, autonomy, activities adaptation •Anticipation, planification, flexibility Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  17. 17. Conclusion17 Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  18. 18. Conclusion18 Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  19. 19. Conclusion19 Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012 Marie Toubin
  20. 20. 20 Thank you for your attention This research is part of the Project Resilis (www.resilis.fr) led by Egis and funded by the French National Research Agency. Marie.toubin@eivp-paris.fr Global risk Forum Davos – 28/08/2012

×