3rd International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRCDavos 2010<br />30 May - 3 June 2010 ¦ <br />The Davos Congress Centre ...
3rd International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRCDavos 2010<br />Capacity building through social response and participa...
Some bare Statistics<br /><ul><li>Cities make only 1% of Land area of Earth.
Cities host more than 50% of world population & majority of Physical capital.
Half of the humanity resides within 100 km of sea coast or sea navigable waterway.
 8 of the 10 world largest cities are located on coast.</li></ul>3<br />
Some bare Statistics<br /><ul><li>Asia pacific region comprises of 52% earth Surface area.
59% world population & 70 % of world natural disaster.
75% of Global flood mortality risk is concentrated in Bangladesh India & China. </li></ul>4<br />
Some bare Facts<br /><ul><li>With urbanization economic losses have  sored.
June 2005 to May 2006
404 disasters in 115 Countries
93000 people dead, 173 billion usd lost
First  8 month of 2006, 91 million people affected by Natural disasters
2007 : 300 disasters
2,36,000 dead 200 million affected.</li></ul>5<br />
Poverty & Disaster Nexus<br /><ul><li>53% of overall disasters mortality in low human development countries.
39% of tropical cyclones hit high income countries but mortality 1%.
13% of tropical cyclones hit Low income countries but mortality 81%.
Poor's are the most vulnerable to disasters.</li></ul>6<br />
Prevention not reaction<br /><ul><li>Building a culture of Prevention.
An ounce of prevention is usually worth pound of cure.
A dollar spent in disaster preparedness would prevent 4 to 8 dollars lost in disaster.</li></ul>7<br />
What Makes Cities More Vulnerable <br /><ul><li>Rapid Growth & inadequate planning.
Ecological imbalances.
Destruction of Mangroves & natural Waterways in cities.
Population density.
Inappropriate constructions.
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Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation with Reference to Asia - Pacific- Europe-Africa Region

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Mr. D.G.Fadnavis ,
Member of Maharashtra Legislative assembly , Mumbai, India

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Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation with Reference to Asia - Pacific- Europe-Africa Region

  1. 1. 3rd International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRCDavos 2010<br />30 May - 3 June 2010 ¦ <br />The Davos Congress Centre <br />Davos, Switzerland<br />ISDRSession on <br />Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation with Reference to <br />Asia - Pacific- Europe-Africa Region<br />Convener : <br />Institute For Sustainable Development And Research, India .<br /> Date: 30 May 2010. Room : Sanada . 9.00am-12.00 pm<br />
  2. 2. 3rd International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRCDavos 2010<br />Capacity building through social response and participation of civil societies for mitigating the impacts of the disasters in world cities<br />Mr. D.G.Fadnavis ,<br />Member of Maharashtra Legislative assembly , Mumbai, India <br />
  3. 3. Some bare Statistics<br /><ul><li>Cities make only 1% of Land area of Earth.
  4. 4. Cities host more than 50% of world population & majority of Physical capital.
  5. 5. Half of the humanity resides within 100 km of sea coast or sea navigable waterway.
  6. 6. 8 of the 10 world largest cities are located on coast.</li></ul>3<br />
  7. 7. Some bare Statistics<br /><ul><li>Asia pacific region comprises of 52% earth Surface area.
  8. 8. 59% world population & 70 % of world natural disaster.
  9. 9. 75% of Global flood mortality risk is concentrated in Bangladesh India & China. </li></ul>4<br />
  10. 10. Some bare Facts<br /><ul><li>With urbanization economic losses have sored.
  11. 11. June 2005 to May 2006
  12. 12. 404 disasters in 115 Countries
  13. 13. 93000 people dead, 173 billion usd lost
  14. 14. First 8 month of 2006, 91 million people affected by Natural disasters
  15. 15. 2007 : 300 disasters
  16. 16. 2,36,000 dead 200 million affected.</li></ul>5<br />
  17. 17. Poverty & Disaster Nexus<br /><ul><li>53% of overall disasters mortality in low human development countries.
  18. 18. 39% of tropical cyclones hit high income countries but mortality 1%.
  19. 19. 13% of tropical cyclones hit Low income countries but mortality 81%.
  20. 20. Poor's are the most vulnerable to disasters.</li></ul>6<br />
  21. 21. Prevention not reaction<br /><ul><li>Building a culture of Prevention.
  22. 22. An ounce of prevention is usually worth pound of cure.
  23. 23. A dollar spent in disaster preparedness would prevent 4 to 8 dollars lost in disaster.</li></ul>7<br />
  24. 24. What Makes Cities More Vulnerable <br /><ul><li>Rapid Growth & inadequate planning.
  25. 25. Ecological imbalances.
  26. 26. Destruction of Mangroves & natural Waterways in cities.
  27. 27. Population density.
  28. 28. Inappropriate constructions.
  29. 29. Linkages between urbanisation & disasters are weakly theorised.</li></ul>8<br />
  30. 30. <ul><li>Disaster mitigation is rarely integrated into urban development policy.
  31. 31. Inappropriate decisions causes populationconcentration on natural flood planes or along earth quake fault lines.
  32. 32. Gap between civil society groups & municipal officials over approach to social vulnerability.</li></ul>9<br />What Makes Cities More Vulnerable <br />
  33. 33. Building Culture of Prevention<br /><ul><li>Mitigation is first step towards comprehensive management of disasters.
  34. 34. Improving capacities of communities and local government to mitigate is key.
  35. 35. Disaster management & mitigation measures to be integral part of development & poverty reduction programme. </li></ul>10<br />
  36. 36. Building Culture of Prevention<br /><ul><li>Mitigation measures to be strengthen land use planes.
  37. 37. Environmental & community planning
  38. 38. Improving building codes and constriction regulations </li></ul>11<br />
  39. 39. The Hyogo declaration<br />Action plan 2005-2015<br />Make disaster reduction a priority<br /><ul><li>Govt. Should integrate disaster risk reduction into their laws programmes & plans.
  40. 40. Ensure participation of local communities in planning.</li></ul>12<br />
  41. 41. The Hyogo declaration<br />Action plan 2005-2015<br />Know the risk & take the Action<br /><ul><li>Countries must-define & understand potential risks.
  42. 42. Ensure participation of local communities in planning.</li></ul>13<br />
  43. 43. The Hyogo declaration<br />Action plan 2005-2015<br />Build understanding and awareness<br /><ul><li>Govt. should provide information & include disaster reduction in education.
  44. 44. Preserve & transmit invaluable local knowledge about disaster risk.</li></ul>14<br />
  45. 45. The Hyogo declaration<br />Action plan 2005-2015<br />Be prepared and ready to act<br /><ul><li>Government and regional or local authorities to conduct risk assessment.
  46. 46. Adopt contingency plans and test preparedness,
  47. 47. Ensure emergency services, response agencies policy marks and development organisations are coordinated.</li></ul>15<br />
  48. 48. The Hyogo declaration<br />Action plan 2005-2015<br />Reduce Risk<br /><ul><li>Safety codes to ensure Schools, Hospitals, Homes & Other buildings do not collapse in earth quakes.
  49. 49. Avoid informal settlements in Hazard prone areas such as flood planes
  50. 50. Protect forest, wetlands and reefs that act as natural barrier to storms & flooding</li></ul>16<br />
  51. 51. The Kaulalampur Declaration of 2008<br /><ul><li>Public private partnership for disaster risk reduction.
  52. 52. To promote Corporate Social responsibility
  53. 53. High technology & Scientific application to disaster risk reduction including climate changadptation.</li></ul>17<br />
  54. 54. <ul><li>Involvement & empowerment of local government and civil society in disaster risk reduction.
  55. 55. Mobilising resources for disaster risk reduction.
  56. 56. Engagingthe media in increasing coverage on disaster risk reduction.
  57. 57. Public awareness & education for disaster risk reduction.</li></ul>18<br />
  58. 58. Global vision needs to be translated in local action<br /><ul><li>Capacity building efforts needs to be part of National Priority.
  59. 59. No integration in global thoughts and local knowledge preservations.
  60. 60. Necessity of Global & regional partnerships to develop new tools, practical approach & other instrument for disaster reduction. </li></ul>19<br />
  61. 61. Global vision needs to be translated in local action<br /><ul><li>Strategies on how to bridge gap between emergency relief and sustainable development.
  62. 62. Strategies to provide national & local governments & civil society, business communities with practical strategies to mitigate crisis.</li></ul>20<br />
  63. 63. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Through Science & technology promote a better understanding of Natural disasters.
  64. 64. Where when, how and with what intensity they may occur
  65. 65. Improvement of early warning systems and effective information dissemination systems.</li></ul>21<br />
  66. 66. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Promote & develop wider use of earth observation technologies.
  67. 67. Satellite remote sensing, Global mapping, geographic information system to collect data on environmental impacts on land use change.
  68. 68. Accesses explore & use geographic information using GPS & GPRS systems.</li></ul>22<br />
  69. 69. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Global map first version released in August 2009.
  70. 70. 164 countries & 16 regions including Antarctic participated which includes 96% of earths territorial surface.
  71. 71. Data released covers Earth 60% by surface & 52% by population.
  72. 72. Global map is effective tool in disaster risk mitigation.</li></ul>23<br />
  73. 73. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>The countries to prepare risk awareness report at National & local level.
  74. 74. Information sharing through capacity building at regional & local level.
  75. 75. The risk awareness report information to disseminate at community level.
  76. 76. The risk awareness report coupled with risk mitigation plan to be prepared.</li></ul>24<br />
  77. 77. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Good urban & local governance critical to reducing risk in urban settlement.
  78. 78. Community & local level approaches increase sustainability of disaster risk reduction practices
  79. 79. The risk awareness report and risk mitigation plan to be made part of formal & informal education.</li></ul>25<br />
  80. 80. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Communities & Local governments know the risk & hazards.
  81. 81. Communities & Local government engage into an exercise of capacity building to mitigate the known risk.
  82. 82. Communities & Local government through participatory process enact a legal frame work to avert the disaster risk.
  83. 83. Communities & Local government engage into a process of planning and appraisal of the plan to mitigate disaster.</li></ul>26<br />
  84. 84. The way Ahead<br /><ul><li>Fostering an enabling environment which generates greater investment in disaster mitigation practices.
  85. 85. An environment where disaster mitigation is not an concern of handful few but becomes a culture of communities at large.</li></ul>27<br />
  86. 86. 28<br />THANK YOU<br />

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