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Martin Powell - The resilient city of the future
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Martin Powell - The resilient city of the future

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  • 1. The Resilient City of the future - a public and private affair! Martin Powell Head of Urban Development, Global Centre of Competence for Cities
  • 2. From London to The C40 Cities to big business! In God we Trust… …The rest of us need to bring Data!
  • 3. 1 What kind of City
  • 4. 2 City Trends
  • 5. The 21st Century will effect the ways we live…
  • 6. Mumbai - 34,000 people per km (sq)
  • 7. London - 4500 people per km (sq)
  • 8. What kind of city do we want?
  • 9. Budapest San José Bangalore Tallinn Raleigh- DurhamAustin Helsinki Dalian Suzhou technology Chongqing Santiago Delhi Mumbai Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou Xian Shenzhen economy Chongqing Santiago Delhi Mumbai Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou Xian Shenzhen economy Santiago Delhi Mumbai Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou Xian Shenzhen economy Copenhagen Calgary Cape Town Porto Alegre Barcelona SE Queensland environment Copenhagen Calgary Cape Town Porto Alegre Barcelona SE Queensland environment Rising Urban Stars
  • 10. 3 Meeting the Challenge
  • 11. London has committed to ambitious carbon reduction targets Profile of national targets and aspirations Profile of London’s reductions to achieve 450ppm stabilisation 1DECC modelling for CCC. Sources: CCAP (2006) CCC (2008) * Extrapolation based on CCA trend to 2022 for non-residential buildings Profile of a BAU Projection for non-residential emissions to 20221 1990 20502020 Carbonemissions 26% by 2020 CCA 2008 80% by 2050 CCA 2008 Target for London = 60% 15% Today 2030 Desired national profile Desired London profile BAU*
  • 12. 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 Jobs Jobs Retrofit financing mechanism Low carbon index on FTSE/AIM Data centre clusters Procurement options for London Early stage project underwrite National Centre for Carbon Measurement Emissions Management tool Carbon management for infrastructure project Low carbon innovation clusters 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 MtCO2 Target Required national contribution Other identified actions and projects Potential from LCC priority projects Expected from LCC priority projects Mayor's Plan The projects with the greatest economic benefits 16 26 MtCO2 9.4 Mt 4.2 Mt 3.9 Mt 5 Mt 4 Mt 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 GVA GVA(£million) 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 Investment £million
  • 13. Securing a low carbon energy supply for London
  • 14. Zero emissions transport in London 4267…
  • 15. 4 Rethinking Required
  • 16. Cities offer huge growth potential and need pioneering solutions to solve their problems  How to get enough electric power, … how to bring enough goods into the city?  How to manage the ever increasing traffic?  How to reduce the energy consumption … and emissions?  How to ensure security and safety of people?  How to finance all this?
  • 17. Scale
  • 18. Moscow
  • 19. Moscow
  • 20. Buenos aires
  • 21. Over the next 20 years we will need bigger transport units carrying twice as many people moving even faster…
  • 22. 2-tier travel
  • 23. Consolidation Centres: Logistics and Waste
  • 24. Resilience The Future London, 2100?
  • 25. Resilience The Unreported Chennai, October 2012
  • 26. Burnt homes in Breezy Point
  • 27. 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 39 Exposure & Vulnerabilities Revealed by Hurricane Sandy 13th Street Substation, Manhattan  Located in flood zone, designed for 12.5 foot surge  14 foot surge during Sandy  Sea water inundated equipment  Power lost to 250,000 customers  Back-up generators failed at NYU-Langone Medical Center
  • 28. Changing Hazards 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 40 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 40 Past (1970-2000) Projected Future FrequencyofOccurrence Flooding Events • 1 in 100 years • 1 in 15 years Drought • 1 in 100 years • Unclear Heat Wave • 2 per year • 8 per year Wind events (Nor’easter, Hurricane) • 1 storm per 3 years • More frequent Source: NYC Panel on Climate Change, 2009; ClimAID, NYSERDA, 2012.
  • 29. Action Plan Business Case: Cost of response and repair 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 41 ($4) ($2) $0 $2 $4 $6 0 5 10 15 20 US$Billions Years No Action “Do Nothing” • Anticipated damage to the power grid over 20 years: USD 1-3 bn “Protection only” • Protection but still has net losses • ll has net losses “Investment” • System resilience, reliability and efficiency • Protection
  • 30. Action Plan Business Case: Cost of response & repair vs. investment in protection 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 42 ($4) ($2) $0 $2 $4 $6 0 5 10 15 20 US$Billions Years No Action Partial Implementation “Do Nothing” • Anticipated damage to the power grid over 20 years: USD 1-3 bn “Protection only” • Protection but still has net losses • ll has net losses “Investment” • System resilience, reliability and efficiency • Protection
  • 31. Action Plan Business Case: Cost of response & repair vs. investment in protection, resilience, reliability & efficiency 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 43 “Do Nothing” • Anticipated damage to the power grid over 20 years: USD 1-3 bn “Protection only” • Protection but still has net losses “Investment” • System resilience, reliability and efficiency • Protection ($4) ($2) $0 $2 $4 $6 0 5 10 15 20 US$Billions Years No Action Partial Implementation Investment
  • 32. Action Plan Business Case: Investment in flood protection, resilience, reliability & efficiency vs. Benefits 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 44 “Investment” “Benefit” ($4) ($2) $0 $2 $4 $6 0 5 10 15 20 US$Billions Years Benefit Investment
  • 33. ($4) ($2) $0 $2 $4 $6 0 5 10 15 20 US$Billions Years No Action Partial Investment Full Implementation Action Plan With cost-benefit 8/30/2013 IC CCPage 45 “Do Nothing” • Anticipated damage to the power grid over 20 years: USD 1-3 bn “Protection only” • Investment pays back through reduced damage • But city still has net losses “Full Grid Resilience” • Protection PLUS system resilience, reliability and efficiency • Net benefits
  • 34. Energy System Resilience • Demand response prioritises critical users • Submersible equipment resists inundation • Automated monitoring & adjustment • Micro grids protect from wider failure
  • 35. Transport System Resilience • Prioritised signalling for emergency vehicles • Multi-modal systems provide options • Real-time data enables coordination of evacuation • Modern rail controls create capacity
  • 36. Water System Resilience • Leak detection enables rapid response • Automated distribution re- directs supply • Quality sensors monitor & control pollution • Automated monitoring forecasting dam failures
  • 37. 5 Making a Place
  • 38. 1986 2006 2012 2026 Populationgrowth
  • 39. 1986 2006 2012 2026 Populationgrowth
  • 40. 1986 2006 2012 2026 Populationgrowth
  • 41. 1986 2006 2012 2026 Populationgrowth
  • 42. Flagship Project of the Regeneration of East London The aim of this project was to create a building that is: • energy-efficient & low-carbon; • demonstrates the feasibility of delivery; • illustrates the case for green infrastructure.
  • 43. 6 Innovation is key
  • 44. 48ml
  • 45. 40
  • 46. 0.9 X 0.9 X 0.9 X 0.9… 0.9 40 = 1.4% Chance of Success
  • 47. Grade A Building Buildings communicate and integrate with the Smart Grid Connected City Together with the Smart Grid, Buildings form the basis for a Connected City Smart Grid Integrate State of the Art Buildings/Smart Grid
  • 48. Smart Grids Information & Communication Technology Charging Infra- structure Micro- grids / Buildings Mobile Apps/ Customer Portal Electric Cars (compo- nents) Intermodal Mobility Concepts Technologies Working Together
  • 49. An intelligent Platform is needed to boost integration and make Multimodality real Integrated Mobility Platform Technical integration Legal integration Business integration Integrated Mobility Platforms
  • 50. 7 The Final Challenge
  • 51. 80 Litres
  • 52. Thank You! martin.powell@siemens.com

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