Pedro Basabe - Translating Policies to Practices in Africa

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Panel IV: “Translating National Strategies to Practice” …

Panel IV: “Translating National Strategies to Practice”
Pedro Basabe, Senior programme officer, UNISDR, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Homogenius because they are standard across scales. (small medium and large disasters)

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  • 1. www.unisdr.org 1 African Union Commission www.unisdr.org Translating Policies to Practices in Africa 4th Conference on Community Resiliency Davos, 29-30 August 2013 Pedro Basabe, Dr. es Sc. Former Head, UNISDR Regional Office for Africa
  • 2. www.unisdr.org 2 African Union Commission Overview III DRR Vision  Political commitment in Africa I II From policies to practices Some ideas to move forward
  • 3. www.unisdr.org 3 African Union Commission Vulnerability and exposure increasing….. so Risk Indicators of Vulnerability: 1. Physical exposure to climate-related hazards (drought, floods, storms, landslides, wildfires) 2. Household and community vulnerability (limited access to health, nutrition, sanitation, and education levels) 3. Governance and incidence of political violence 4. Population density Source: Busby et al., 2010
  • 4. www.unisdr.org 4 African Union Commission 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 GDPgrowth,% Source: The Economist: The world in 2013 Top 10 countries with higher GDP growth: example 2012
  • 5. www.unisdr.org 5 African Union Commission -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Sub-Saharan Africa OECD Source: The Economist: The world in 2012 Comparison of GDP between SSA and OECD (1995-2012) Economic growth in Africa is also a window of opportunity for DRR and Resilience as part of Sustainable Development
  • 6. www.unisdr.org 6 African Union Commission
  • 7. www.unisdr.org 7 African Union Commission Proposed Terminology for DRR Resilience The ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions www.unisdr.org
  • 8. www.unisdr.org 8 African Union Commission • Africa Strategy for DRR since 2004. • Extended Programme of Action for DRR 2006-2015 in line with the HFA: • Strategic objectives, • Areas of intervention, • Expected results, and • Indicators. • Guidelines for implementation • Substantive Ministerial Declaration • 18 Key recommendations Political Commitment In partnership with: AUC, NPCA, RECs, AfDB, specialised entities, donors, UN, Civil Society, etc. I
  • 9. www.unisdr.org 9 African Union Commission • Technical level: – Regional Platform for DRR (3rd March 2013). – Africa Working Group for DRR – Sub-Regional Platforms for DRR – Capacity development Trainings • Political and high level: – Africa Ministerial Conference on DRR. – Resolutions and PoA endorsed by Executive Council of the AU Heads of States IMechanisms for DRR in Africa In partnership with: AUC, NPCA, RECs, AfDB, specialised entities, donors, UN, Civil Soc., etc.
  • 10. www.unisdr.org 10 African Union Commission 0 212.5 425 850 Kilometers Legend: ECOWAS - 15 ECCAS - 10 SADC - 15 IGAD - 7 • ECOWAS - Economic Community for West African States • ECCAS - Economic Community for Central African States • SADC - Southern African Development Community • IGAD - Intergovernmental Authority on Development • EAC - East African Community • IOC - Indian Ocean Community EAC - 5 IOC - 5 UNISDR presence Former IGAD DRR in African Sub-regional Economic Communities Project in the HoA
  • 11. www.unisdr.org 11 African Union Commission Standard terminology, CC and DRR Set of good practices:  Indigenous knowledge  Gender perspective: integrating DRR into CCA  Linking DRR and poverty reduction  National Platforms  DRR begins at schools  Building disaster resilience communities Brochures for African reality: for i) governments, ii) communities and iii) schools (E,F):  Poverty reduction  Governance development  Floods  Landslides  Water management  Land-use  Environmental protection Informing on Activities and Progress  Africa Spotlight  Africa Informs Education: practical publications
  • 12. www.unisdr.org 12 African Union Commission Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices Drought and adaptation forums with partners
  • 13. www.unisdr.org 13 African Union Commission From policies to practices, Example: Drought Risk Reduction project implementation in the HoA ECHO funded project: FAO, REGLAP, UNISDR • Capacity development and DRR expertise to Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, IGAD and EAC – Training to all stakeholders – Expertise on DRR/M – Decentralised national policies – Strengthen NPs and/or coordinating mechanism • Drought risk identification – National disaster losses DBs – Update drought hazards maps – Translate forecast into easy messages Communities • Awareness, advocacy, education and knowledge mgt – Awareness campaigns – Africa drought adaptation forum. Knowledge management – Publications: drought risk reduction good practices, contingency planning, etc. II
  • 14. www.unisdr.org 14 African Union Commission • Multi-year Inventories record and analyse the occurrence and effects of disasters. • Disaggregated information is provided charts, tabular graphics, etc. • Collection of homogeneous data about disasters of all scales (small medium and large disasters). • The information compiled and processed is entered in a scale of time and referenced to county level. National Disaster Losses DBs
  • 15. www.unisdr.org 15 African Union Commission Building community resilience: some examples • Policies and planning – Kenya: Drought risk reduction policy to County level, Drought management authority, Contingency fund (Gov., ECHO, REGLAP). – Mainstream DRR into county SD planning (UNDP-ISDR). – Decentralised DRR policy in Ethiopia (Gov.). – Towards implementation of Uganda national disaster preparedness and management policy (Gov). • Drought risk identification – Disaster risk profiling in Ethiopia till Kebele level (Gov.). – Disaster losses DBs as tool for Drought RR planning (Gov.-ISDR). – Drought EWs in Karamoja, Uganda (ACTED): radio spot messages and SMS, dramas and songs, etc. • Building capacities and access to services – Pastoralist Field Schools (FAO): how to deal with risk and hazards affecting their livelihoods. – S-S knowledge sharing Senegal & Kenya EcoVillages-Communities. • Drought preparedness and contingency planning – Karamoja productive assets programme Kpap (WFP). – Livelihood, early assessment and protection proj in Ethiopia (LEAP) II
  • 16. www.unisdr.org 16 African Union Commission  More partnership development & coordination to collectively move from policies to practices.  Decentralized policies, mechanisms and programmes.  Sustainability of policies, mechanism, capacities and prog.  National and local ownership and networks.  South-South cooperation, city to city learning, village to village.  People centered EWs, preparedness and CP.  Capacities for project formulation and implementation to capture resources. Some ideas to move forward III
  • 17. www.unisdr.org 17 African Union Commission Thank you for your attention. Let’s work together to build the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. www.unisdr.org/africa www.Preventionweb.net
  • 18. www.unisdr.org 18 African Union Commission Regional Economic Communities: 1. IGAD (7countries): DRR strategy developed and approved, July 2004. 2. ECOWAS (15countries): Programme of Action for the implementation of the ECOWAS Policy on DRR (period 2010-2014), Oct. 2009. 3. SADC (15countries): DRR Strategic Plan revised and approved (period 2006-2010), Sept, 2005. 4. ECCAS (11countries): General policy on environment and natural resources management developed and approved, March 2007. 5. EAC (5 countries): CC policy developed and approved, April 2010. 6. IOC (5 countries): A programme of Action centered on the specific needs of small island developing States developed and approved, Jan. 2005. Progress at Sub-regional level III