Lessons learned from recent very large-scale disasters in the world

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Armin, Haas, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Senior Researcher

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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Lessons learned from recent very large-scale disasters in the world

  1. 1. Lessons learned from very largedisasters – some remarks about imagination and co-ordination IDRC Davos 2012 29 August 2012 Armin Haas
  2. 2. Imagination• Thinking the unthinkable.• Black Swans vs. Dragon Kings.
  3. 3. Black Swans• Nicolas Taleb: „An outlier, as it lies outside the realm of regular expectations, because nothing in the past can convincingly point to its possibility“.• Our definition: Black Swans: Events most people cannot imagine, or refrain from imagining.
  4. 4. Black Swans• The Fukushima Tsunami was a 100-years event.
  5. 5. Dragon Kings• Didier Sornette: Dragon Kings: Rare events that result from endogenous dynamics of markets.• Our broader definition: Dragon Kings: Rare events that result from endogenous dynamics of socio-ecological systems. => Imaginable Comprehensible Predictable (within limits)
  6. 6. Imagination• Incentive structures in socio-ecological systems.• Encouraging/rewarding imagination?• Punishing imagination?
  7. 7. Co-ordination• Co-ordinating different sub-systems of the socio-ecological system, e.g. policy, business, civil society.• Co-ordinating different sub-systems within a specific sub-system, e.g. different governmental departments/agencies.
  8. 8. Co-ordination• Incentive structures in socio-ecological systems.• Encouraging/rewarding co-operation?• Punishing co-operation?
  9. 9. Imagination & Co-ordination• Incentive structures in socio-ecological systems.• Descriptive/normative question: Trade-off or synergies between incentivising imagination and incentivising co-ordination?
  10. 10. Lesson learned• Incentive structures are key for thinking the unthinkable.
  11. 11. Thank you for your attention.

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