NAD –
1
          1   TSUNAMI ACEH AND CYCLONE NARGIS

          2

          3


CONTENT   4

          5

          6

       ...
IT ALL STARTED WITH THIS…




                            Tsunami Aceh
UNPRECEDENTED DAMAGE ALONG ACEH-NIAS

                                                REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA




          ...
UP TO 134,000 HOUSES HAVE BEEN BUILT




BUT, THE SITUATION HAS CHANGED SINCE THEN
SOME 3,600 KILOMETERS OF ROADS…




                                  Tsunami Aceh
…AND BRIDGES




               Tsunami Aceh
1,400 SCHOOL BULDINGS AND 40,000 TEACHERS
PARTICIPATED IN TRAININGS




                                            Tsunam...
CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR…


 140,000 people dead or missing

 2.4 million people severely affected

 4.1 USD     billion lo...
TURNED THOUSANDS OF VILLAGES INTO THIS…..…




                                             CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
AND MADE MILLION OF PEOPLE LIVE IN TENTS…..…




                                               CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
…AN ABSOLUTE HUMANITARIAN CALL TO THE WORLD…




                                               CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
TODAY, 2 YEARS LATER …
THERE IS A HOPE FOR A NEW FUTURE




                     CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
School Construction
                      Japan School construction at Tin Hkote Gyi, Kyait Latt
Hospital
           Hospital contributed by Thailand in Daw Nyein village in Pyar Pon
School
         School construction, contributed by Switzerland Government
Gaps … potentially found when mega disasters strike

1.   Capacity of National Government to lead
2.   Coordination mechan...
1

          2   GOVERNMENT TO LEAD

          3


CONTENT   4

          5

          6

          7
BRR WAS ESTABLISHED AS A ONE-STOP SHOP FOR REHABILITATION AND
RECONSTRUCTION


      “…we will rebuild Aceh and Nias. And ...
INTEGRITY IS UPHELD AT THE UTMOST AS THE FOUNDATION
OF TRUST FROM ALL STAKEHOLDERS

 BRR Integrity PactPact
 BRR Integrity...
ASEAN SUPPORTS THE GOVERNMENT OF MYANMAR

1. Brunei Darussalam
2. Cambodia
3. Indonesia
4. Laos
5. Malaysia
6. Myanmar
7. ...
RESPONDING TO THE AFTERMATH OF CYCLONE NARGIS IN MYANMAR, ON 19 MAY
2008, THE ASEAN FOREIGN MINISTERS AGREED TO ESTABLISH ...
CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
1

          2

          3   COORDINATION MECHANISM
CONTENT
          4

          5

          6

          7
BRR had to coordinate the efforts of over 800 donors and implementers
working in Aceh & Nias…




                        ...
THE ASEAN-LED COORDINATION IS A COORDINATION AT ALL LEVELS TO FACILITATE THE
EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION OF INC...
1

          2

          3
CONTENT
          4   MANAGING TRUST

          5

          6

          7
COMMITMENT LEVEL DEMONSTRATES REMARKABLE TRUST FROM THE
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY



          Total Fund
          USD Bill...
FIRST ASEAN-UN INTERNATIONAL PLEDGING CONFERENCE CONDUCTED ON 25 MAY 2008 IN
YANGON, THE WORLD RESPONDED QUICKLY ..THANKS ...
ON 25 NOVEMBER 2009, ASEAN INITIATED AND LED A POST NARGIS ASSISTANCE CONFERENCE
(PONAC) TO MOBILIZE RESOURCES TO ADDRESS ...
DONORS CAN FREELY CHOOSE THE MOST PREFERRED FUNDING MECHANISM TO
SUPPORT PONREPP PRIORITIZED ACTION PLAN


               ...
1

          2

          3
CONTENT
          4

          5   MONITORING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

          6

          7
RECOVERY INFORMATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM IS IN PLACE TO ASSURE THE
ACCOUNTABILITY OF YOUR AID AND IMPROVE SERVICE DE...
RIAS IS DESIGNED TO TRACK PROGRESS FROM DONORS TO IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES..




                                            ...
AND ... ALSO TRACKS EACH SPECIFIC PROJECT TROUGH “PROTRACK” SYSTEM




                                                   ...
1

          2

          3
CONTENT
          4

          5

          6   ENSURING SUSTAINABILITY

          7
Incorporating Disaster Management into
Development Programs




                                               Post-
     ...
IT IS CRUCIAL TO MANAGE SMOOTH TRANSITION FROM RECOVERY TO NORMAL
DEVELOPMENT PHASE
                                      ...
1

          2

          3
CONTENT
          4

          5

          6

          7   KEYS FOR ADDRESSING LARGE SCALE D...
INSTITUTION IS KEY FOR SUCESSFUL DISASTER MANAGEMENT
                                                REGULATION
          ...
KEYS FOR ADDRESSING LARGE-SCALE DISASTERS

 1. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TO LEAD – THERE MUST BE A CLEAR AUTHORITY AND
    TRUST...
Thank You
together for humanity
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Lessons from managing mega disasters: Tsunami in Indonesia and Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar

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  • More than 800 kilometer coastal line hit, longer than the distance from London to Glasgow or from San Francisco to San Diego, with devastation reached 1-6 kilometer in-land.
  • Lessons from managing mega disasters: Tsunami in Indonesia and Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar

    1. 1. NAD –
    2. 2. 1 1 TSUNAMI ACEH AND CYCLONE NARGIS 2 3 CONTENT 4 5 6 7
    3. 3. IT ALL STARTED WITH THIS… Tsunami Aceh
    4. 4. UNPRECEDENTED DAMAGE ALONG ACEH-NIAS REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA Damage assessment 120.000 Houses destroyed 800 km 70.000 Houses damaged x 1-6 km 14 Sea ports destroyed! 120 Bridges 3.000 km Roads 1.052 Government buildings 2.000 School buildings 114 Health centers 193 km 20.000 ha Fish ponds 60.000 ha Agriculture land Singapore coastline 100.000 SMEs 760 km 167.228 Students lost their schools Jakarta Surabaya 2.500 Teachers died Tsunami Aceh
    5. 5. UP TO 134,000 HOUSES HAVE BEEN BUILT BUT, THE SITUATION HAS CHANGED SINCE THEN
    6. 6. SOME 3,600 KILOMETERS OF ROADS… Tsunami Aceh
    7. 7. …AND BRIDGES Tsunami Aceh
    8. 8. 1,400 SCHOOL BULDINGS AND 40,000 TEACHERS PARTICIPATED IN TRAININGS Tsunami Aceh
    9. 9. CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR… 140,000 people dead or missing 2.4 million people severely affected 4.1 USD billion losses and damage 8TH deadliest disaster in the world THE WORST natural disaster in the history of Myanmar Comparable with the Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    10. 10. TURNED THOUSANDS OF VILLAGES INTO THIS…..… CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    11. 11. AND MADE MILLION OF PEOPLE LIVE IN TENTS…..… CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    12. 12. …AN ABSOLUTE HUMANITARIAN CALL TO THE WORLD… CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    13. 13. TODAY, 2 YEARS LATER … THERE IS A HOPE FOR A NEW FUTURE CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    14. 14. School Construction Japan School construction at Tin Hkote Gyi, Kyait Latt
    15. 15. Hospital Hospital contributed by Thailand in Daw Nyein village in Pyar Pon
    16. 16. School School construction, contributed by Switzerland Government
    17. 17. Gaps … potentially found when mega disasters strike 1. Capacity of National Government to lead 2. Coordination mechanism 3. Trustable funding mechanisms 4. Monitoring and Information System 5. Strategy for linking disaster relief and recovery with longer-term development programs
    18. 18. 1 2 GOVERNMENT TO LEAD 3 CONTENT 4 5 6 7
    19. 19. BRR WAS ESTABLISHED AS A ONE-STOP SHOP FOR REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION “…we will rebuild Aceh and Nias. And we will build it back better.” Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono The President of Republic of Indonesia Rehabilitation and Executing Agency of BRR Reconstruction Agency (BRR) The mission Aceh and Nias • Established 16 April 2005 through • Restore livelihoods and strengthen communities Government Regulation in Lieu of – Coordinated Law No. 2/2005 and ratified by Law – Community-driven No. 10/2005 – Highest professional standards • Three governing bodies: • Facilitate and coordinate all players – Advisory Board – Government – Supervisory Board – Local, national, and international institutions – Executing Agency • Coordinate and implement government projects Tsunami Aceh
    20. 20. INTEGRITY IS UPHELD AT THE UTMOST AS THE FOUNDATION OF TRUST FROM ALL STAKEHOLDERS BRR Integrity PactPact BRR Integrity Anti-corruption unit unit Anti-corruption (SAK) Internal Supervisory Internal Supervisory (SAK) • BRR applies the integrity • BRR is the only pact to all staffs, not only • BRR is the first government government agency procurement related ones, agency to have an conducting 100% audit and all its projects ones, and all its projects autonomous and census (non-sampling) independent anti- • 100% compliance of LHKPN corruption unit Corruption Eradication Corruption Eradication KPPN-K (treasury) KPPN-K (treasury) Supervisory Board Supervisory Board and Commission (KPK) office Advisory Board Commission (KPK) office and Advisory Boards • BRR is the only government agency in • BRR ensures its • effectivenessits BRR ensures through the • At BRR request, KPK Indonesian history to have effectiveness through the a dedicated KPPN (national existence of autonomous established its first existence of autonomous treasury) representative Supervisory and Advisory representative office Supervisory and Advisory office Boards outside Jakarta in Banda Boards Aceh
    21. 21. ASEAN SUPPORTS THE GOVERNMENT OF MYANMAR 1. Brunei Darussalam 2. Cambodia 3. Indonesia 4. Laos 5. Malaysia 6. Myanmar 7. Philippines 8. Singapore 9. Thailand 10.Vietnam CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    22. 22. RESPONDING TO THE AFTERMATH OF CYCLONE NARGIS IN MYANMAR, ON 19 MAY 2008, THE ASEAN FOREIGN MINISTERS AGREED TO ESTABLISH AN ASEAN-LED COORDINATION The Mandate: “ to facilitate the effective distribution and utilization of assistance from the international community, including the expeditious and effective deployment of relief workers, especially health and medical personnel.” The Special ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting Chairman ‘s Statement, Singapore, 19 May 2008 CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    23. 23. CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    24. 24. 1 2 3 COORDINATION MECHANISM CONTENT 4 5 6 7
    25. 25. BRR had to coordinate the efforts of over 800 donors and implementers working in Aceh & Nias… Ecosystem of donors and implementers included: • 374 International NGOs • 27 Red Cross & Red Crescents • 19 UN Agencies • 155 National NGOs • 65 Multi & Bilateral Agencies • 201 Private Sector & Community participants 25 Source: BRR Tsunami Aceh
    26. 26. THE ASEAN-LED COORDINATION IS A COORDINATION AT ALL LEVELS TO FACILITATE THE EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION OF INCOMING INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE ASEAN Policy Provide policy decisions and set the priorities and Humanitarian targets with regard to the implementation of the coordination ASEAN-led initiative Task Force Tripartite Core Overall Operational (i) Coordinate resources; (ii) Facilitate operations including access for humanitarian workers (iii) Group (TCG) coordination Coordinate monitoring of and evaluation on the progress and achievements TCG Recovery National Technical • Overall management of recovery coordination at national level Coordination coordination • The RCC is to the combined secretariat to the Recovery Centre (RCC) Forum and the TCG, • Centre for the information and analysis TCG Recovery • coordination between the Township Coordination Committees and Field Coordination Hub Offices humanitarian agencies in affected communities. • Four Hub Offices were established in Bogale, Labutta, Pyapon and (RHO) Yangon CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    27. 27. 1 2 3 CONTENT 4 MANAGING TRUST 5 6 7
    28. 28. COMMITMENT LEVEL DEMONSTRATES REMARKABLE TRUST FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY Total Fund USD Billion 93% 7.1 7.2 7.2 0.5 6.7 4.9 Damage Build back Pledged Committed assessment Tsunami Aceh
    29. 29. FIRST ASEAN-UN INTERNATIONAL PLEDGING CONFERENCE CONDUCTED ON 25 MAY 2008 IN YANGON, THE WORLD RESPONDED QUICKLY ..THANKS FOR THE COMMITMENT AND SUPPORTS! FLASH APPEAL USD 37,444,085 69.2% USD 477 million USD 330 million Pledged Committed
    30. 30. ON 25 NOVEMBER 2009, ASEAN INITIATED AND LED A POST NARGIS ASSISTANCE CONFERENCE (PONAC) TO MOBILIZE RESOURCES TO ADDRESS IMMEDIATE CRITICAL NEEDS.. 85% DONORS USD 103,5 million USD 88,5 Australia million Denmark EC Germany Japan Netherlands New Zealand Norway Singapore Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom USA Prioritized Committed Action Plan CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    31. 31. DONORS CAN FREELY CHOOSE THE MOST PREFERRED FUNDING MECHANISM TO SUPPORT PONREPP PRIORITIZED ACTION PLAN DONORS UN Agencies NGOs Govt. of the Trust Fund ASEAN Union of Myanmar Prioritized Action Plan Projects Implementing directly or through implementing partners BENEFICIARIES CYCLONE NARGIS MYANMAR
    32. 32. 1 2 3 CONTENT 4 5 MONITORING AND ACCOUNTABILITY 6 7
    33. 33. RECOVERY INFORMATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM IS IN PLACE TO ASSURE THE ACCOUNTABILITY OF YOUR AID AND IMPROVE SERVICE DELIVERY TO BENEFICIARIES DONORS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES MAPS  PROJECT Post-Nargis  IMPLEMENTOR(S) CHARTS  LOCATION(S) PERIODIC  DELIVERABLES REVIEW GRAPHS R ECOVERY ANALYTICAL PRODUCTS C OORDINATION DATABASE EXTRACTS C ENTER WEBSITE  HUMANITARIAN COMMUNITY  RECOVERY HUBS OFFICE BENEFICIARIES  RECOVERY WORKING GROUPS CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    34. 34. RIAS IS DESIGNED TO TRACK PROGRESS FROM DONORS TO IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES.. CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    35. 35. AND ... ALSO TRACKS EACH SPECIFIC PROJECT TROUGH “PROTRACK” SYSTEM CYCLONE NARGIS, MYANMAR
    36. 36. 1 2 3 CONTENT 4 5 6 ENSURING SUSTAINABILITY 7
    37. 37. Incorporating Disaster Management into Development Programs Post- Disaster disaster 1. Emergency / relief Victims 2. Recovery Damage and loss 3. Development Survivors Pre- incorporating disaster risk management disaster (Build back better) Normal development
    38. 38. IT IS CRUCIAL TO MANAGE SMOOTH TRANSITION FROM RECOVERY TO NORMAL DEVELOPMENT PHASE DISASTER MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT OF CAPACITY BUILDING MYANMAR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS ASEAN POST NARGIS ASEAN DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS ASEAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
    39. 39. 1 2 3 CONTENT 4 5 6 7 KEYS FOR ADDRESSING LARGE SCALE DISASTERS
    40. 40. INSTITUTION IS KEY FOR SUCESSFUL DISASTER MANAGEMENT REGULATION Institutional framework that shows the leadership of national government Professionalism, integrit Flexibility to reflect supported by recovery y, sincerity, passion..and needs with effective partners strong leadership monitoring and evaluation ASSESMENT, REC OVERY PLAN ORGANIZATION EXECUTING + CAPACITY STRUCTURE MONITORING AND EVALUATION Adequate authority to decide , non bureaucratic, quick Adequate funding with decision making process and elements of high ability to adapt speed, flexibility and (restructure) toward accountability operational needs on the field FUNDING
    41. 41. KEYS FOR ADDRESSING LARGE-SCALE DISASTERS 1. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TO LEAD – THERE MUST BE A CLEAR AUTHORITY AND TRUSTABLE LEADERSHIP BY THE GOVERNMENT 2. COORDINATION AT ALL LEVELS: FROM POLICY TO IMPLEMENTATION, INVOLVING ALL PARTNERS FROM DONORS TO COMMUNITY 3. MANAGING TRUST, ENSURING THAT FUNDS ARE SPENT IN ACCOUNTABLE AND TRANSPARENT MANNER 4. HAVING AN INTEGRATED MONITORING AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM, WHICH TRACKS THE FLOW OF FUNDS FROM DONORS TO BENEFICIARIES 5. ENSURING SUSTAINABILITY: THE NEEDS FOR EFFECTIVE STRATEGY TO SUPPORT THE INTEGRATION OF RELIEF AND RECOVERY PROGRAMS WITH LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
    42. 42. Thank You together for humanity

    ×