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Improved Risk information to support sound policy/decision making processes – The UNDP’s Global Risk Identification Programme, GRIP’s experience

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  • 1. 4th IDRC-Davos 2012, 8-29-2010 Improved Risk Information to Support Sound Policy/Decision Making Processes – The UNDP-GRIP’s Experience – Carlos Villacis, Ph.D. GRIP CoordinatorGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 2. Overvie w • Risk assessment as part of the DRM process • GRIP’s country supportGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 3. The Issues in DRM/R Understanding of the problem Risk Assessment Proper Planning Evidence-based decision making Disaster Risk Reduction + Safe Development Processes Effective ActionsGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 4. Issues in Risk AssessmentIssue 1: Risk assessment is not always being utilized indecision making processes•Many activities implemented and resources utilized•Without even knowing whether they are solving the problem•They may be even worsening the situationIssue 2: End-users are not involved in the risk assessmentprocess•They do not provide inputs in the diagnosis/solutions development•No opportunity to understand the problem and the effectiveness of the riskreduction options•No utilization of the risk assessment studies.Global Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 5. Role of Risk Assessment Understanding of the problem Risk Assessment Cost/benefit analyses Monitoring Risk assessment Risk assessment Proper Planning Informed decision making Disaster Risk Reduction Effective Actions Evaluation Risk assessmentGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 6. How Risk Assessment should be done • Risk is dynamic and changing over time, due to: – Climate change – Environmental degradation – Urbanization • Risk Assessment is a continuous process – Periodic  Monitoring and evaluation – Sustainable – Multi-stakeholder engagement – Capable of being improved  New information • Not a one-time effort • Done by Local institutions (Capacity development is the only way to guarantee sustainability) • Produces solutions (no numbers or nice-looking reports/maps)Global Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 7. UNDP Approach – The Comprehensive DRM Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery Team (DRRRT), BCPR/UNDP •Risk Assessment – GRIP •Disaster Recovery - IRP •Governance and Mainstreaming – GMI •Urban Risk Management - URM •Climate Risk Management – CRM •Gender •Capacity Development – CADRI (UNDP, OCHA, ISDR) GRIP (Evaluation of DRR Effectiveness) GMI URM Recovery CRM CADRI Gender GRIP (Understanding Disaster and RiskGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 8. Context • UNDP’s Mandate to lead DRM at country level • Country Offices in 134 countries • USD 170 million per year in DRM • Works directly with government on Governance, Economic Development, EnvironmentGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 9. The Global Risk Identification Programme- GRIP Thematic Platform for implementation of HFA’s Priority 2 Mission: “Better risk information for sound decision making” Objectives: •To improve the quality of disaster and risk information •To ensure its use in disaster risk management and development planningGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 10. DRA in Countries – Information Needs – Learning from the past: to understand their vulnerabilities, high- affected areas, and recovery capacities, etc. – Basic risk information for setting up DRR baselines: to set up measurable goals and prepare evidence-based DRR strategies – Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms: to measure progress and revise strategies – Local Capacity: To produce realistic and locally supported solutions and ensure sustainabilityGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 11. DRA Solutions Package – Baseline for Risk Assessment (CSA): Assessment of what already exists and identification of gaps and needs – National Disaster Observatories: sustainable institutions for systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of disaster info – National Risk Assessments: multi-hazard risk evaluations to delineate national DRM strategies, policies, programmes, budget allocation – Local Risk Assessments: assessments to support urban risk reduction policies and actions – Capacity Development: all the work is done by local institutions, authorities and expertsGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 12. DRA in Countries – A Road Map Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Preparation Assessment Applications National Disaster • National Disaster National DRM/R Observatory Master Plan and Loss Database Strategy National Risk Assessment • Strong National DRM/R System Country Situation National Risk Analysis (CSA) Information System • Pre-Disaster Shelter Plan • Scenario-based Contingency Local Risk Plan Assessment • DRM/R Action PlanGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 13. Applications and solutions Development Disaster Processes Management Strategic planning Disaster mitigation Investment decisions Disaster Policy Making preparedness Regulation Disaster Risk Disaster response Information Urban planning Education Disaster recovery InsuranceGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 14. DRA in Countries: The Total Solution  Country Situation Analysis  National e-Library (CSA)  National Disaster  National Risk Assessment Observatory (NDO) (NRA)  National Risk  Local Risk Assessment Information System (LRA) (NRIS)  Disaster Analysis & Mapping (DAM) National workshops Readiness development Long-term DRA Programme CERAM = CERAM Establishment Centre of Excellence for Risk Assessment and Management Global Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 15. Assistance provided by UNDP- GRIP • Methodologies and tools • Training • Technical advice: technical, policy making • Coordination and overview • Interaction with other countries • Access to financial supportGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 16. Methodologies and training South Asia - Colombo - March- 2009 - 60 participants - 7 countries • Methodologies • Guidelines • Standards • Training modulesGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 17. Tools: Disaster Risk E-librariesGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 18. Sustainable Capacity for DRA Centers of Excellence for Risk Assessment and Management - CERAMs GRIP CERAM Shanghai Baja California, Mexico UEM, Mozambique NSET, NepalGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 19. Country Support and Services As of 01/2012Global Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org
  • 20. THANK YOU! info@gripweb.org www.gripweb.orgGlobal Risk Identification Programme (GRIP), UNDP, info@gripweb.org, http://www.gripweb.org

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