International Charter and UNOSAT in managing disasters and emergency responses - An initial evaluation

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International Charter and UNOSAT in managing disasters and emergency responses - An initial evaluation

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International Charter and UNOSAT in managing disasters and emergency responses - An initial evaluation

  1. 1. International Charter and UNOSAT in Managing Disasters and Emergency Responses - An Initial Evaluation Dulal Chandra Roy and Thomas Blaschke Centre for Geoinformatics University of Salzburg Austria
  2. 2. <ul><li>World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Hyogo Framework for Action calls for promoting </li></ul><ul><li>“ the use, application and affordability of recent information, communication and space-based technologies and related services, as well as Earth observations , to support disaster risk reduction” </li></ul><ul><li>International Charter ‘ Space and Major Disasters ’ has been providing valuable space data and services in managing disasters and emergency responses over the last years. </li></ul><ul><li>An evaluation may be useful to improve the Charter’s service from its past experiences for ensuring effective and efficient disaster management and emergency responses. </li></ul>Motivation
  3. 3. <ul><li>Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>To provide a unified system of space data acquisition and a non-bureaucratic delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters. </li></ul>International Charter ‘Space and Major Disasters’ European Space Agency (ESA) and French Space Agency (CNES) initiated International Charter ‘ Space and Major Disasters ’ following UNISPACE III conference held in Vienna in 1999 .
  4. 4. Charter Members
  5. 5. International Charter Operation Loop
  6. 6. Charter activations Upto January 2010 As of May 2010, total activations are more than 260
  7. 7. Charter activations
  8. 8. <ul><li>UNITAR (UN Institute for Training and Research) Opertaional Satellite Applications Programme. </li></ul><ul><li>authorized to request data from the Charter members in response to an emergency, </li></ul><ul><li>provided value added processing services for many Charter activations over the years, </li></ul><ul><li>deliver satellite solutions to relief and development organisations within and outside the UN system. </li></ul>UNOSAT
  9. 9. Cyclone ‘Sidr’ 2007, Bangladesh
  10. 11. Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar, May 2008
  11. 12. Problems faced in past disasters Source: Charter end-user evaluation, 2008
  12. 13. Problems faced in past disasters cont… Source: Charter end-user evaluation, 2008
  13. 14. Recommendations <ul><li>Providing required satellite imagery and mapping services within the shortest possible time considering the type of disaster, location, area characteristics and other factors, </li></ul><ul><li>Existing activation procedures can be revised for timely supply of satellite data, </li></ul><ul><li>Improve data quality of the Charter, </li></ul><ul><li>Process appropriate satellite imagery in appropriate format and appropriate resolution, </li></ul>
  14. 15. Recommendations cont… <ul><li>Strengthen efficiency and effectiveness of the Charter with coordination and communication among the Charter members and the users, </li></ul><ul><li>Train project managers for efficient management and fostering collaboration among Charter member and implementing partners, </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen local capacity and local infrastructure for using Charter provided data and services, </li></ul><ul><li>Along with disaster response, Charter data and mapping services can be made available in other disaster management phases . </li></ul>
  15. 16. Thank you very much for your attention !

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