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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • In the UK, on the other hand, government input is much more informal. Overall, during the process of data collection, it became clear that there is an apparent disconnect between the stakeholders who should be involved and are involved in reality; in addition, although some of the stakeholders are involved in DRR, their inputs are not always formal and clear.

    mention that more details can be found in our paper
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    • 1. Towards a framework for integrated climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) action 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dr Jason von Meding, The University of Newcastle, Australia
    • 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Session Participants • Dr Jason von Meding- Towards a framework for integrated climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) action • Dr Helen Giggins- The role of local government in building resilience and reducing vulnerability to slow-onset disasters • Dr Graham Brewer- A double-edged sword: the influence of the media upon resilience-oriented outcomes • Dr Ksenia Chmutina- Understanding the role of the private and public stakeholders in slow onset disaster resilience framework
    • 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Session Objectives • Present a collective research agenda • Promote an under-researched area • Build alliances between academia/NGOs/Government agencies • Provoke thought and idea generation
    • 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org DRR/CCA Policy: The Australian Context • High level of politicisation • Reluctance of stakeholders to buy-in and commit • Little movement from talk>action • Particular interest in mining industry engagement at UoN • Policy fragmentation
    • 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Vulnerability in Australia • Multiple hazards- natural and man-made • Economic dependence on resource extraction • High level of potential climate change impacts • Policy fragmentation • Volatile debate on science
    • 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Governance • Various reports, committees, action plans at all levels but little implementation • DRR/CCA agenda can be conflicting • Coordination of strategic policy implementation at all levels of government has been ineffective • Do key stakeholders engage proactively to shape policy? • So, who is responsible for DRR/CCA ultimately?
    • 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Influence of Political Sphere • Public perception and awareness • Ultimately should be responsible for DRR/CCA • International accountability or lack thereof
    • 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Influence of Political Sphere • Public perception and awareness • Ultimately should be responsible for DRR/CCA • International accountability or lack thereof ‘Climate science is crap’ Allowing environmental damage to Great Barrier Reef Minister for Science
    • 9. The role of local government in building resilience and reducing vulnerability to slow onset disasters 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dr Helen Giggins, The University of Newcastle, Australia
    • 10. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Local Context • More than 85% of Australians live within 50km of the coast (ABS 2001) – Particularly vulnerable to sea level rise and coastal erosion • Urban planning and community-level engagement is primarily a local/regional Government responsibility • Traditionally they have been slow to act to properly prepare for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaption (CCA)
    • 11. Lack of Community Education and Engagement • Attempts at DRR have been met with hostility and wariness by 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org the broader community • Australian Examples: – Hunter Region - fear of dropping property prices due to proposed future building restrictions in low level areas around the coast and lakes – Regional Victoria - inability to build in certain ‘high risk’ areas in the wake of the Black Saturday ‘Bushfires’
    • 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Role of Researchers • Researchers can play a part in informing local authorities of how to better implement policy and engage the community in DRR • Inform policy to allow all levels of Government to work together to prevent “Policy-Induced Risk” • Educate the broader community to the “Cost of Doing Nothing”
    • 13. A double-edged sword: the influence of the media upon resilience-oriented outcomes 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Assoc. Prof. Graham Brewer, The University of Newcastle, Australia
    • 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Context • Regional focus but global relevance • Conflicting interests – Community/industry – Employment/environment – Government • Federal • State • Local – Opportunism/environmentalism • Media outlets – Relevance – Audience – Profitability
    • 15. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The problem: role and influence of media Beneficial • Role – Informer/educator – Campaigner – Entertainer • Influence – Trigger to/supporter of good policy – Disseminator of ‘uncomfortable truths’ – Champion of change agents Detrimental • Role – Mis-informer – Campaigner – Entertainer • Influence – Trigger to/supporter of poor policy – Reinforcer of popular stereotypes – Soapbox for the fringes
    • 16. Climate change denial: an Australian perspective 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Platform for climate change denial – “If it’s in the papers/on the box/on the net it must be true” – Reinforces the legitimacy of personal opinion and its parity with scientific findings… from the person in the street right up to the leader of a country – Federal government downwards – Legitimise personal positions/play to interests of those working in extractive industries and those who stand to lose out as a consequence of climate change acceptance • Outcomes – Rolling back of climate change policies – Stifling of renewable energy industries – Confusion in other parts of the economy
    • 17. Disaster aftermath: policy impacts in Australia 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Beneficial • Disaster reportage – Informative – Coordinative – Lifesaving – Fundraising – Mobilises volunteer relief Detrimental • In-theatre media presence – Available to those with an issue to pursue (private, community, and political) – Political knee-jerk (policy development ‘on-the-hoof’)
    • 18. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Lessons/warnings • Media responsibilities – Balance, but… – Not all opinions are of equal value (and should not be presented as such) – Scientific opinion is not simply op-ed • Media-informed policy-induced disasters – Misinformed policy development – Hastily developed/implemented policy – Policy neglect
    • 19. Understanding the role of the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org private and public stakeholders in slow onset disaster resilience framework Ksenia Chmutina and Lee Bosher School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University UK
    • 20. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Introduction Disasters often occur because risk reduction measures have not been considered or undertaken, despite there being previous knowledge of existing hazards and threats (Bosher, 2014). DRR measures should be methodically built into the design, construction and operation process rather than added on to a construction project as an ‘afterthought’.
    • 21. Stakeholders’ engagement in DRR activities • Construction stakeholders are traditionally associated with a range of activities, such as restoration of public services after the event. • BUT: they have a much boarder role to anticipate, assess, prevent, prepare, respond and recover. • Multi-stakeholders participation is important! 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    • 22. DRR in design, construction and operation process (DCOP) 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Stage Stage name Generic phases Stage description 1 Preparation Appraisal Design briefing Identification of client’s needs and objectives, business case and possible constraints on development. Identification of procurement method, procedures, organisational structure and range of consultants and others to be engaged for the project. 2 Design Concept Design development Technical design Outline proposals for structural and building services systems, outline specifications and preliminary cost plan. Development of concept design to include structural and building services systems, updated outline specifications and cost plan. Application for detailed planning permission. Preparation of technical design(s) and specifications. 3 Pre-construction phases Product information Tender documentation Tender action Preparation of detailed information for construction. Preparation and/or collation of tender documentation. Identification and evaluation of potential contractors and/or specialists for the project. 4 Construction phases Project planning (mobilisation) Construction to practical completion Issuing of information to the contractor. Provision to the contractor of further Information as and when reasonably required. Review of information provided by contractors and specialists. 5 Use Post-practical completion Administration of the building contract after Practical Completion and making final inspections. Assisting building user during initial occupation period. Review of project performance in use.
    • 23. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case study: Nottingham • Main hazards: flooding • Main threat: crime.
    • 24. Stakeholders’ involvement in DRR activities in England 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org DCOP Stage Stakeholders formally involved Pre-construction Urban planners/ designers Client Developer Civil and structural engineers Emergency/risk managers Local authorities Contractors Utilities companies Material suppliers Construction Architects/ designers Civil/ structural engineers Contractors Utilities companies
    • 25. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Nottingham stakeholders For more information see: Chmutina, K., Ganor, T. and Bosher, L., 2014. The role of urban design and planning in risk reduction: who should do what and when? ICE – Urban Design and Planning
    • 26. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main findings: • There is an apparent disconnect between the stakeholders who should be involved and those who are involved in reality. • Although some of the stakeholders are involved in DRR, their inputs are not always formal and clear. • While the early phases of DCOP are understood as being essential for DRR, stakeholders’ engagement does not necessarily take place sufficiently in advance of construction.
    • 27. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Conclusions • There is a lack of consensus on the role of the stakeholders and the level of participation in DRR. • Stakeholders are not sufficiently informed about who and who is not involved in DRR activities. • Many stakeholders have no particular experience in dealing with DRR. • Lack of clear policy on the integration of DRR in DCOP. • Pre-construction phase is critical for consideration of DRR measures in DCOP. • DRR interventions considered too late (i.e. during construction) tend to be more expensive and less effective
    • 28. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Thank you! Dr Jason von Meding- Jason.VonMeding@newcastle.edu.au Dr Helen Giggins- Helen.Giggins@newcastle.edu.au Dr Graham Brewer- Graham.Brewer@newcastle.edu.au Dr Ksenia Chmutina- k.chmutina@lboro.ac.uk
    • 29. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Points for discussion • Do these experiences reflect the situation in your country? • Who are the critical stakeholders that should be engaged? • How can we/should we integrate DRR/CCA policy? • To what degree is slow-onset disaster risk appreciated and considered in your country?

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