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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • Community empowerment refers to the process of enabling communities to increase control over their lives. "Communities" are groups of people that may or may not be spatially connected, but who share common interests, concerns or identities.
  • 3rd priority in HFA: Utilization of knowledge, innovation and training for stimulation of disaster resilience culture with outreach to urban and rural communities. Core indicator: Country wide public awareness strategy exists to stimulate a culture of disaster resilience with out reach to urban and rural communities. The Strategy is a national long- term plan of action with specific goals that organize how population is informed and can act to reduce risks

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  • 1. Public Awareness and Information Dissemination in Earthquake Risk Reduction, a Step toward Increasing 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban Resiliency in Tehran Shabbou Vazirpour, Mohsen Nadi, Ramin Radnia, Tehran Disaster Mitigation & Management Organization (TDMMO), I.R. Iran
  • 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Introduction • Today, over half of the world population live in urban areas and among them, many live in the cities that are exposed to natural disasters and earthquake, • Occurrence of natural disasters in the cities is of severe challenges for urban managers due to the heavy loss and financial damages, • In order for this risks to be reduced, urban resiliency should be increased and community should be empowered, • Findings of this research emphasized the point that public awareness & information dissemination as a key factor in effective earthquake risk reduction lead to empowerment of citizens and urban resiliency
  • 3. Objective • According to HFA (2005- 2015) the starting point for reducing disaster risks and promoting culture of disaster resilience lies in the knowledge of hazards and vulnerabilities to disasters that most societies face. Based on this, the main objective for this research is to review and assess the role of public awareness and information dissemination in Tehran citizens’ knowledge and attitude toward possible earthquake occurrence and actions that can be taken individually and collectively to reduce risks and vulnerability to earthquake. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Tehran Risks and Hazards • Tehran, capital of Iran, is a mega city located at foot slope of Alborz mountains in an earthquake prone area with many active faults Source: National Geosciences Database of Iran www.ngdir.ir
  • 5. Tehran Risks and Hazards • Earthquake, Air pollution, Landslide, Drought, Flood, Fire and 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Hazmat are of the most important risks for Tehran.
  • 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Tehran is at risk! • Locating on an seismic active zone; • Rapid growth of the City, which means more faults in Tehran; • High population density • Vulnerable structures and buildings; • Historical background of occurrence of devastative earthquakes • Concentration of national administrative, economical and business centers. Source: www.geology.com
  • 7. Urban Resiliency Definition • According to UN- Habitat definition, Urban Resiliency refers to the ability of any urban system to withstand and recover quickly from catastrophic events, 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • UNISDR says: A Disaster Resilience City is the one where people are empowered to participate, decide and plan their city together with local authorities and value local & indigenous knowledge, capacities & resources Community Empowerment Definition • Community Empowerment is a process of enabling communities to increase control over their lives. In other word, it is a multi-dimensional social process that helps people gain control over their own lives. It is a process that fosters power in people for use in their own lives, their communities and in their society, by acting on issues they define as important.
  • 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Public Awareness Definition • Based on UNISDR terminology on DRR: Public awareness is the extent of common knowledge about disaster risks, the factors that lead to disasters and the actions that can be taken individually and collectively to reduce exposure and vulnerability to hazards. • Public awareness is a key factor in effective disaster risk reduction. Its development is pursued, for example, through the development and dissemination of information through media and educational channels, the establishment of information centers, networks, and community or participation actions, and advocacy by senior public officials and community leaders. Public Awareness & information Dissemination Community Empowerment Disaster Risk Reduction Urban Resiliency
  • 9. The relationship between public Awareness and urban resiliency demonstrated below: 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Knowledge is Power Increasing Public Awareness Enhance community empowerment Reduce Risks and Vulnerability Increase Urban Resiliency
  • 10. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study • In this research, with the aim to review the role of public awareness and information dissemination in Tehran citizens’ knowledge about earthquake, possibility of earthquake occurrence in Tehran, citizens’ attitude toward possible earthquake occurrence and actions that can be taken to reduce earthquake risks, demographic and KAP data has been gathered from 390 citizens aged 15 and above who selected randomly to respond questionnaire. • Sample population includes 52.1% men and 47.9% women • Majority of respondent belonged to 26-35 age group
  • 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case Study • For descriptive information, frequency analysis and tabulation were made and relationship between information dissemination and awareness raising as independent variable for citizens' empowerment has been investigated and analyzed with Tehran citizens' interest in enhancing participation in disaster management and earthquake. • In this research according to Pearson correlation test, data analysis demonstrates that there is a very high positive correlation between information dissemination and awareness raising and citizen's interest in participation in earthquake disaster management (R=0.670, at 0.001 significant). In other word, awareness raising empower citizens and increase their interest in participation in natural disaster management issues.
  • 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Findings • Based on the findings of this research, 95.9% of respondents heard about possibility of occurrence of Tehran devastative earthquake, • In comparison between flood, drought and earthquake, 93.3% think that Earthquake is the most important natural disaster for Tehran, • 66.4% of respondent are worried or very worried about occurrence of earthquake, 23.1% somewhat concerned and only 10% are not worried of occurrence of Earthquake. 0% Not Worried somewhat concerned worried very worried not respond 10% 23.10% 24.10% 42.30% 0.50%
  • 13. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 60 40 20 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Findings • About the most important resources through which respondent received information on preparedness against earthquake and disaster risk reduction, 59.1% respond TV, 9.5% newspapers, 8.7% by radio and 6.5% by internet 0 Information dissemination Resources information dissemination Resources
  • 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Findings • Regarding actions that can be taken without any expenses for increasing level of preparedness against earthquake, percentage of respondent's activities have been demonstrated below: Measures required for citizens ‘ Preparedness Done Are to be done Not done/ Not able to do Not informed Meetings & receiving training material 36.5% 3.1% 42.3% 18.1% Talking with family on what to do in 35.1% 9.5% 42.3% 13.1% disasters Developed family emergency plan 13.5% 16.4% 57.8% 12.3% Participation in DM training course 38.9% 16.1% 40.3% 4.7% Membership in emergency Voluntary group 18.2% 11.5% 55.3% 15% Preparation disaster supply kit 18.4% 23.4% 51.7% 6.5% Practicing self protection against 39.4% 13.3% 41.5% 5.8% earthquake Buildings non structural reinforcement 23.6% 17.8% 53.8% 4.8% Recognition of homes' safe and unsafe 42.1% 17.7% 33.6% 6.6% locations
  • 15. • Status of implementing actions that that can be taken without any expenses for increasing level of preparedness against earthquake 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Findings 0 Done Not Done
  • 16. Findings • Regarding required information dissemination and awareness raising measures for modification of residents and community attitude toward earthquake in Tehran, 50.5% of respondents believed that the amount of information provided by disaster management related organization for modification of Tehran residents’ attitude toward earthquake is not adequate, 38.5% believed the information received is somewhat adequate and 11% think that they received enough information in this regard. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org relationship between information provided & change of citizens attitude toward earthquake Information is not adequate Somewhat adequate Enough information received
  • 17. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Results in brief • Disasters can be reduced substantially if people are well informed about measures they can take to reduce vulnerability and if they are motivated enough to act, • Majority of Tehran citizens’ believed that the amount of information provided on disaster risks and how they can act to reduce their exposure to earthquake hazards is not adequate for changing their attitude, • Public awareness strategy should be revised and redefined in order to stimulate disaster resilience culture and integrate DRR into everyday life, • Besides lack of appropriate measures for increasing public awareness and knowledge on disaster risk reduction, other factors such as cultural and religious beliefs, economic factors and lack of enough motivation are other factors for general population not to be active enough against earthquake risks
  • 18. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: In line with Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 defined priorities for actions and according to outcomes of this research, this work support implementation of the HFA through the followings: - Utilizing knowledge, innovation and training for establishment of a 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org culture of disaster resilience at all level of community, - empowerment of communities and local authorities to manage and reduce disaster risks by having access to necessary information, - building understanding, awareness and culture of safety and also identification, assessment, monitoring disaster risks and enhancement of early warnings - Developing risk reduction capacities at local level, - Reducing vulnerabilities and exposure to the risks, - Strengthening disaster preparedness at local level
  • 19. TDMMO Some of the implemented & ongoing Projects Tehran Disaster Mitigation and Management Organization (TDMMO) in addition to other annual programs, planned following several projects in cooperation with other stakeholders in order to support implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: • Producing TV program for earthquake awareness promotion in Iran in cooperation with Education Channel of I.R. Iran Broadcasting Organization (IRIB) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in 2013, with the purpose to enhance the awareness and knowledge of earthquake by using the films produced through project and broadcasting of 12 series of the 10 minutes episodes called " the Adventures of Parishan Family" with total duration of 120 minutes in March 2014. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 20. TDMMO Some of the implemented & ongoing Projects 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Producing 35 items of ten seconds animation teasers with the messages for increasing public awareness on measures that have to be taken prior, during and after an earthquake and broadcasting through different channels and presenting through urban televisions from 2011 to 2014
  • 21. TDMMO Some of the implemented & ongoing Projects • Preparing and finalizing basic concepts and preparation of an operation and management plan for earthquake disaster management Museum as a part public awareness measures envisaged in output 2 of TDMMO ongoing joint project with JICA entitled "Capacity Building in Earthquake Risk Reduction and Disaster Management (from 2012- 2015) • Improving early warning through establishment of Early Warning System 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org as output three of the aforesaid ongoing joint project with JICA • Receiving Sasakawa 2013 Award and Letter of Distinction for Disaster Management Team Formation Plan for Tehran Amaken Project which encourages residents and office workers to take part in disaster training to mitigate risk at home and in the work-place. • Selected as one of the ten partner cities for Un- Habitat City Resilience Profiling Program (CRPP) in 2013 • Selected as one of the 20 best project proposals for Risk Award 2014 for safe emergency evacuation program in Tehran neighborhood units
  • 22. TDMMO Some of the implemented & ongoing Projects • Main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in - Research: More researches should be done in order to recognize what kind of information and awareness raising, how and to what extent should be provide to citizens’ in order to change their attitude toward earthquake. - Education & Training: This should focus on increasing citizens’ motivation for participation in mitigation, preparedness and disaster risk reduction measures - Implementation & Practice: As practice makes perfect, information and awareness raising measures provided to citizens should be practiced by implementation of disaster management drills or through information dissemination channels - Policy: improve capacities and increse resiliency
  • 23. References • Vazirpour, Shabbou (2011). A survey on relationship between citizen's empowerment and their interest in participation in natural disaster management; Case study of earthquake in Tehran Districts, M.A. Thesis, Tehran Science and Research Azad University, Tehran. • UNDP (2012). Country Program Action Plan (CPAP) between Government of I.R. Iran and United Nation Development Program, United Nations, Tehran. • Jahangiri, Katayoun, Izadkhah, Yasamin, Azin, Seyed Ali; (2010). Factors Affecting Tehran Resident Earthquake Preparedness: A Logistic Regression Analysis, International Disaster Reduction Conference. Davos, Switzerland. • Vazirpour, Shabbou (2010).Increasing Public Participation level in Earthquake Disaster Management in Tehran, Proceedings of 1st Conference on Management Disasters and Disaster Management, Urban Management Department, Tehran Science and Research Azad University: 20-22. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 24. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org