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IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL
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IDRC14-McNamara-Olson-FINAL

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Moving towards risk? Intersections of disaster and mobility Karen E McNamara, The University of Queensland, Australia Laura L Olson, The George Washington University, USA
  • 2. ‘In coming decades, climate change will motivate or force millions of people to leave their homes in search of viable livelihoods and safety. Although the precise number of migrants and displaced people may elude science for some time, all available estimates suggest their numbers will be in the tens of millions or more. The mass of people on the move will likely be staggering and surpass any historical antecedent’ (United Nations University, 2009, 5) 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Bangladesh (population: 160 million) - Rural-urban migration is a decades-old strategy to improve people’s socio-economic situation and diversify livelihood opportunities - Most IPCC reports pitch Bangladesh as extremely vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change - The impacts of climate change present a worrisome future trend which suggest more people may continue to move to urban centres…
  • 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Bhola Slum, Dhaka, Bangladesh - Residents began migrating after Bhola Cyclone in 1970 - 4,500 adults and many children live on 1.65 acres
  • 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Living on the margins - Major floods (1998, 2009) resulting in displacement (normally in nearby fields) and outbreaks of cholera and diarrhoea; families to rebuild their homes again - Fire has threatened and destroyed homes at numerous times - Lack of adequate water, sanitation, healthcare, electricity (water supply pipes can at times mix with sewer water; sewer cuts through the slum) A tenuous tenure: evictions and an insecure future - Constant fear and concern about eviction - ‘We are trying to collect and save some money but we don’t have the ability to achieve this land as it is huge and expensive, we live hand to mouth and so we don’t have that much money to buy this land’ (Bhola Slum resident #2, 2013) - Evictions to build pipes or walls (2007, 2010, 2012) with little or no warning
  • 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Coping with risk and vulnerability - Taking out large loans for husband to work overseas (but can be a risky transition) - Growing trend for women to work long hours outside the home to contribute to household income stream (but also presents risks) - Raising houses above ground level - Unity through vulnerability (helping neighbours and families during times of great difficulty) - A collective in practice (est Jan 2013, 100 members so only small proportion): ‘we want to make our bond stronger, and financial benefit so that the women can be stand on their own feet’ (Bhola Slum resident #2, 2013) We’d move, but location is critical - Strong desire for living conditions to improve (and not take these negative elements of place to any new location) but want to remain in close proximity to economic hubs that ensure their livelihoods – they seek assistance from government to do this as they know they can not afford the land
  • 6. Who is responsible for lessening the burden and risks associated with sudden and slow onset migration? Temporary shelter Migration 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Sudden (leave home quickly, ‘displacement’, cyclones, floods, riverbank erosion) Slow (loss and employment and ecosystem services, drought, SLR, salinity) Slums (35% of Dhaka) (limited water, sanitation, electricity, insecure tenure, marginal lands) UNFCCC Paragraph 14f at COP16: Measures to enhance understanding, coordination and cooperation with regard to climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation, where appropriate, at national, regional and international levels Post 2015 Framework for DRR Research: Need greater understanding of risk, and how households manage these various transitions Implementation & Practice / Policy: Need to re-look at the social contract (as in parts of the world there has been a shift away from social protection and human rights) for all these types of mobility transitions

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