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Improved Governance Structures and Commitment for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation through National and Sub-national Platforms Based on HFA
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Improved Governance Structures and Commitment for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation through National and Sub-national Platforms Based on HFA

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Improved Governance Structures and Commitment for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation through National and Sub-national Platforms Based on HFA

Improved Governance Structures and Commitment for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation through National and Sub-national Platforms Based on HFA


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  • 1. Kushani de Silva – UNDP DRM S.M.K.B. Nandaratne – DMC Suranga Kahandawa – UNDP DRM U.W.L. Chandradasa – DMC Ananda Mallawatantri – UNDP Improved Governance Structures and Commitment for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation through National and Sub-national Platforms based on HFA IDRC Davos 2010
  • 2. Background
    • Sri Lanka – country prone to multi hazards
    • Severely hit by Tsunami 2004
    • Felt the need for a comprehensive DRM framework
    • Government’s initiatives
    • - Enactment of DM act
    • - Establishment of the National Council
    • - Establishment of the DMC
    • - Establishment of Ministry of DM
    • - Launching of the Road Map for DRM “Towards Safer Sri Lanka” (In line with HFA)
    • - Budgetary allocations for DRR activities
  • 3.
    • HFA provides the basis for the ‘partnerships’ approach for DRR through ‘platforms’
    • Sri Lanka established the National Platform in November 2007; called the National Disaster Management Coordination Committee (NDMCC)
    • NDMCC consists of; key government agencies, UN agencies, I/NGOs, media, professional associations, academic institutions, private sector
    • By the end of 2009, NDMCC consisted of 73 agencies
  • 4.
    • At present NDMCC membership includes;
    • Ministries - 14
    • Departments and statutory bodies - 25
    • UN agencies - 6
    • Universities - 5
    • NGOs/INGOs - 19
    • Media and private sector – 04
    • The “platform” concept contributed significantly to the improvement in governance structures, risk reduction options, preparedness planning, gender focus and sustainability in disaster management actions
  • 5. Core Activities of NDMCC
    • Establishing a baseline information system for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) .Who Does? What? Where?
    • Identifying targets, gaps, concerns and challenges and setting forth priorities in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
    • Working towards better integration of DRR into national planning, policies and programmes in development and humanitarian assistance
    • Monitoring & reporting of DRR actions at national and community levels
  • 6. Key NDMCC Involvements
    • Decision making at higher level
    • Information sharing
    • Resources pooling
    • Promote holistic approaches for problem solving
  • 7. Decision Making at Higher Level
    • NDMCC members provided inputs for the National Policy for Disaster Management, National Disaster Management Plan & Revised Disaster Management Act
    • Inputs for the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan(NOSCP) of Marine Pollution Prevention Authority
    • Partners : DMC & All NDMCC members
  • 8. Information Sharing
    • Strengthening of the Resource Centre of DMC
    • Develop quarterly newsletters (in three languages - Sinhala, Tamil & English)
    • Introducing children’s page to the newsletter raising awareness for school children
    • Introduced Disaster Management guidelines to the local government & provincial councils
  • 9. Producing of Quarterly Newsletters
  • 10. Children’s page
  • 11. Resource Pooling
    • Joint stall at “Deyata Kirula” the main annual national exhibition, providing educational materials (posters, banners, photographs, etc)
    • Partners: DMC, National Water Supply & Drainage Board, UNDP, UNOCHA, Green Movement, Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, World Vision, & Save the Children
    • Collaboration for the “ National Safety Day “ arrangements (December 26 th every year)
    • Partners: DMC, UNDP, Practical Action, Water Mission International, Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, GTZ, Green Movement & Save the Children
  • 12. Holistic Approaches for Problem Solving
    • Development of 3Ws data base (Who Does? What? Where? Data base)
    • Implementation of climate change adaptation model sites
    • Study approach for better understanding of drinking water quality & behavioral patterns in the context of Chronic Kidney Disease
    • Promoting Human Elephant Coexistence
  • 13.
    • Supported organizing the National Symposium on promoting knowledge Transfer to Strengthen Disaster Risk Reduction
    • Initiatives to mainstream DRR into development
    • Completed a survey on “Integrating DM aspect into school curriculum. Approach developed to produce supplementary reading materials for school children
  • 14. Who Does? What? Where? Data base
    • Established Who, What Where (3Ws) database system. provides information on which organization (WHO) is carrying out which activities (WHAT) in which locations (WHERE) http://3w.unocha.org .
    • The map of Sri Lanka which indicates the spatial distribution of organizations is available at http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/srilanka%5Fhpsl/
  • 15.  
  • 16. Holistic approach to understand Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD)
    • Support Patients’ Database
    • Ministry of Healthcare & Nutrition was supported to develop a patients database to find spatial distribution
    • Two studies to identify the causes of CKD; a study on the behavioral patterns and water quality. The studies were completed with some valid findings
    • Partners: Ministry of Healthcare & Nutrition, DMC,UNDP, University of Kelaniya, University of Colombo
  • 17. Workshop to design studies
  • 18. Climate Change Adaptation Models
    • Adaptation to drought, floods and salinity
    • E.g. Identification of tolerant paddy varieties, improved cultural practices etc..
    • Partnerships - DMC,UNDP, Rice Research & Development Institute, National Federation for Conservation of Traditional Seeds and Agricultural Resources, Department of Agrarian Development .
  • 19. Promoting Human Elephant Coexistence
    • Establishment of two model sites to mitigate Human Elephant Conflict – Live fence approach
    • Partnerships: Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources, Department of Wildlife, DMC,UNDP
  • 20. Mainstreaming DRR into Development Process
    • Development of Risk profile
    • Environmental assessments carrying DRR concerns
    • Guidelines for construction in hazard prone areas
  • 21. Development of Risk Profile for Natural Hazards
    • Sri Lanka is in the process of developing the risk profile for major natural hazards
      • Coastal hazards
      • Landslide
      • Floods
      • Cyclone
      • Drought
    • Partnership - Coast Conservation Department (CCD); National Building Research Organization (NBRO); Department of Meteorology (DOM); Irrigation Department (ID); Department of Agriculture and University of Peradeniya, DMC, UNDP
  • 22. Regional and national workshops on risk assessment in collaboration with GRIP of UNDP BCPR – April 2009
  • 23. By: University of Peradeniya and CCD
  • 24. Integrated Strategic Environmental Assessment for the Northern province
    • An inter-agency assessment to facilitate the sustainable development in north after liberation
    • Focus on; disaster prone areas, environmentally and culturally sensitive areas, safer sites for the extraction of construction materials
    • Partners – Central Environmental Authority, Department of Wildlife Conservation, Forest Department, Geological Survey and Mines Bureau, Water Resources Board, National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Urban Development Authority, Department of Archeology, Disaster Management Centre, UNDP and UNEP
  • 25. Training of Trainer programme on Disaster Management Trainers and trainees are from NDMCC member agencies Partnerships – DMC, UNDP, Practical Action, Red R UK
  • 26. Partnerships with Private Sector
    • Publishing of awareness products for school children
    • - “Vijaya” Newspapers Pvt Ltd
    • Road safety for drivers of public transportation services
    • - Holcim Pvt Ltd
    • Fire awareness
    • - Firetech Pvt Ltd
    • Early warning dissemination (DEWN and Telemetric rain gauges) Dialog
    • - Dialog Telekom
  • 27. Conclusions
    • Sri Lanka is in the process of developing sub-national level platforms called DDMCCs
    • The National Disaster Management Coordination Committee (NDMCC) of Sri Lanka has successfully demonstrated its usefulness in brining Disaster Management stakeholders together
    • NDMCC can be identified as an example of a structure and a partnership approach as articulated in HFA
  • 28.
    • NDMCC has helped much to strengthen society’s resilience through integrated DRR measures which will help Sri Lanka to achieve a culture of Safety
    • The design of the structure of NDMCC, approach adopted, leadership
    • provided by the Ministry of Disaster Management and the secretarial support extended DMC along with UNDP assistance helped it to be effective and relevant in disaster preparedness, response and risk reduction
  • 29.
    • It not only serves as a platform for the disaster management stakeholders, but also as a vehicle to engage government agencies and a mechanism to coordinate and minimize duplication of efforts at national and sub-national levels
    • To keep the momentum of the platform activities should be planned which provide space for stakeholders to contribute. This need a lot of effort
  • 30. Acknowledgements
    • Contribution of Co- authors
    • All NDMCC members
    • Organizers of IDRC Davos 2010
  • 31. Thank You