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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland


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  • Although disaster relief agencies employ human rights frameworks for meeting minimum standards in humanitarian assistance (SPHERE 2011), regrettably current international platforms and frameworks pursuing resilience, risk reduction and development fail to adequately recognize and address human rights, justice and equity as root causes of vulnerability (UNISDR 2011). Intersections of disasters and climate change provide a logical transition for a rights-inclusive approach to adaptation, development, risk reduction and resilience-building. However, the HFA included no mention of human rights, justice or equity. The HFA Midterm Review 2011 recognized this, noting that global consensus of disaster risk reduction is unlikely unless it is based in universally accepted principles of justice and equity (UNISDR 2011; UNISDR and WMO 2012). In addition, the HFA Suggestions for Post-2015 HFA propose the Plan of Action Guiding Principle D.17(f) “Preventing new, and reducing the existing, risk of disasters constitute an international legal duty aimed at protecting persons, their livelihoods and property while respecting their human rights “ (UN 2014, pp. 4). As such, this Rights-inclusive Resilience Conceptual Model is a mechanism for policy and programmatic transparency and accountability, offering five core recommendations to constructively integrate the human rights agenda within the post-2015 HFA priorities.
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    • 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Forgotten Beacons: Restoring Human Rights in the Risk Reduction, Resilience & Adaptation Agendas Sarah Henly-Shepard, MPH, Ph.D. Founder, Director, Consultant Disaster Resilience, L.L.C. USA
    • 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Introduction & Rationale – Integral importance of human rights, justice & equity to the vulnerability, risk and resilience paradigms – Disconnect between science, practice & policy to enable transparent, accountable resilience metrics – Poor inclusion of human rights, justice & equity in international frameworks, programs, research and policy
    • 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology Scientific Literature Review: • PRISMA Process • Web of Science Gray Literature: • United Nations Official Documents database • Semi-structured review of relevant publications, policy briefings, manuals and reports
    • 4. • Call for More Research: Few articles within the topic (per search terms) over the • Disconnect between Science, Practice & Policy: Most relevant papers did not link conceptual frameworks with policy or fieldwork • Lack of Human Rights-inclusive Risk, Resilience or Adaptation Framework/Models 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 past 20-30 years 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Results 0 Scien fic Literature United Na ons Official Documents Gray Literature (n) articles
    • 5. Rights-inclusive Resilience Conceptual Model 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 System Dynamics ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland 5 system components 3 Dimensions (Zones of Resilience) www.grforum.org
    • 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Rights-inclusive Resilience Conceptual Model Indicators
    • 7. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction Gaps & Opportunities of the Hyogo Framework for Action: • Current international platforms and frameworks pursuing resilience, risk reduction and development fail to adequately recognize and address human rights, justice and equity as root causes of vulnerability • The HFA included no mention of human rights, justice or equity. • The HFA Midterm Review 2011 recognized this, noting that global consensus of disaster risk reduction is unlikely unless it is based in universally accepted principles of justice and equity (UNISDR 2011; UNISDR and WMO 2012). In addition, the HFA Suggestions for Post-2015 HFA propose the Plan of Action Guiding Principle D.17(f) “Preventing new, and reducing the existing, risk of disasters constitute an international legal duty aimed at protecting persons, their livelihoods and property while respecting their human rights “ (UN 2014, pp. 4). • Disconnect between science, practice & policy to enable transparent, accountable resilience metrics • As such, this Rights-inclusive Resilience Conceptual Model is a mechanism for policy and programmatic transparency and accountability, offering five core recommendations to constructively integrate the human rights agenda within the post-2015 HFA priorities. Further Steps—Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: Intersections of disasters and climate change provide a logical transition for a rights-inclusive approach to adaptation, development, risk reduction and resilience-building. 1) Re-assert the legal commitment of governments to human rights, justice and equity; 2) Improve collaboration between science, practice and policy realms; 3) Mainstream rights, justice and equity as baseline standards for resilience; 4) Advance transparent qualitative and quantitative measures of resilience; and, 5) Create adaptable community-based strategies which are informed by, and feed back best practices into, regional, national and international frameworks and policies, in particular the post-2015 HFA, the Sustainable Development Goals, among other relevant platforms.
    • 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Conclusions • Review of rights-inclusive related literature, policies, frameworks • Highlighted the need to adequately address human rights, justice and equity in resilience, risk and vulnerability conceptual frameworks and policy • Proposed a Rights-inclusive Resilience Conceptual Model for collaborative, integrative, transparent & accountable research, planning and policy in support of the post-2015 HFA
    • 9. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Questions Contact: Sarah Henly-Shepard, MPH, Ph.D. Disaster Resilience, L.L.C. s.henly.shepard@gmail.com 512.431.9706 (c)