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The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges
 

The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges

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GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Prof. Roderick Lawrence - Professor - Institute of Environmental Sciences - University of Geneva

GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Prof. Roderick Lawrence - Professor - Institute of Environmental Sciences - University of Geneva

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    The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges Presentation Transcript

    • The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges Professor Roderick J. Lawrence University of Geneva Switzerland [email_address]
    • The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges
              • Plan
              • 1. Introduction
              • 2. Multidimensional Characteristics of Urban Health
              • 3. Conceptual Framework
              • 4. Contributions of Human Ecology since the 1920s
              • 5. Synthesis & Conclusion.
    • MULTIPLE FACTORS INFLUENCE URBAN HEALTH
      • Heath Status of Urban Populations is the outcome of -
      • Environmental factors
      • Economic factors
      • Social & cultural (lifestyle) factors
      • Technological factors
      • Medical and health services
      • Media and information
      • Public policies and programmes
      • … in precise localities
      • … at specific time periods
      Cape Town
    • INTERDISCIPLINARITY: A Systemic Interpretation Living Conditions Behaviour Lifestyle HEALTH STATUS Environment, Micro & Macro Affordable Primary Health Care Socio-Economic Status Personal Characteristics Information Media Marketing Policy Agendas, National & Local Education, Employment Status
    • A SYSTEMIC CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    • THE PERTINENCE OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
      • Human Ecology founded in 1920s :
      • Basic principles:
      • Reciprocal nature of people-environment relations
      • Human ecosystems are open to external factors
      • Human regulatory mechanisms:
      • adaptation and resilience for sustenance
      • Co-evolution over time: changes to ecosystems can reflect or lead to changes in human behaviour
      (Figure : Swiss NEHAP)
      • Living Conditions and Health Status in Chicago
      • Park R, Burgess E, McKenzie R. The City: Suggestions for the study of human nature in the urban environment. ( University of Chicago Press, 1925).
      APPLICATIONS OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
      • Living Conditions and Health Status in Hong Kong
      • Stephen Boyden et al.
      • The Ecology of a City and its
      • People: the case of Hong Kong.
      • (Australian National University Press, 1981).
      APPLICATIONS OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
    • From Multidisciplinarity to Inter- & Transdisciplinarity
    • S PATIAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT DATABASES Database for each individual and household included in the housing and health survey SPSS Database of results of field work & survey SPSS Geo-referenced data and statistics of municipalities Geo-referenced data of population and housing stock Geo-referenced data of socio-health information Topographical maps Links
    • ADDED VALUE OF ONE HEALTH APPROACH Admits complexity and change. Recognizes the need for a broad systemic conceptual framework. Encourages interdisciplinary contributions. Seeks to relate research findings to policy definition & implementation. We recommend that: More attention is given to the social and economic factors that influence human health, animal and environmental health and the interrelations between them.
    • REFERENCES Lawrence, R. (2001). Human Ecology. In M. Tolba (ed.) Our Fragile World: Challenges and opportunities for sustainable development, Volume 1 . Oxford: EOLSS Publishers, pp.675-693. Lawrence, R. & C. Després (eds.) (2004). Futures of transdisciplinarity. Futures , 36, 4, (special issue). Lawrence, R. (2005). Building healthy cities: the World health organization perspective. In S. Galea & D. Vlahov (eds). Handbook of urban health: populations, methods and practice . Springer, New York, pp. 479-501. Lawrence, R. (2010). Beyond disciplinary confinement to transdisciplinarity. In V. Brown, J.Harris & J. Russell (eds.) Tackling wicked problems through the transdisciplinary imagination . London, Earthscan, 2010, pp.16-30.