Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures

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Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures

Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures

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  • 1. Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and –Procedures
    Presentationby Joachim F. Dreibach
    forFire Watch international AG, Aarau, Switzerland
  • 2. 2
    Facts
    Every year forests are destroyed on a large scale
    • 10.000 km² in Europe
    • 100.000 km² in tropical/subtropical regions
    • Up to 100.000 km² in North-America
    • Several million km² of savannah
    • > 1 million hectares destroyed every year
    This equates 150 times the size of Switzerland!
    copyright by J.Dreibach 10 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 3. Detection Methods
    Photo by: LoockoutCharles White Aercraft Surveilance Ontario Sattelite Bird by DLR
    UAV California Video Sensor ( Pelco) Forest Ranger Sensor and Control Office
    3
    copyright by J.Dreibach 10 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 4. Detection Performance without Forest Ranger
    Othter
    3%
    Organized
    Detection
    23%
    Random Aerial
    26%
    Random Ground
    48%
    Worldwide, 60% of the fires are detected at random. This is a substantial argument for an installation of a reliable early detection system.
    Costsfordetection:
    Ontario: 3Mio $/ Year
    Sesketuan: 4Mio $/Year
    Based on Canada Yearly analysis
    4
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 5.
    • Fast starting fires
    • 6. Day and Night fires
    • 7. Fast moving fires
    • 8. Fast changing weather /environmental conditions
    • 9. Difficult geographical areas ( Hills, Mountains ….)
    • 10. No mains power available
    • 11. Fast detection, initial attack requirement < 20minutes
    • 12. Provide much more functionalities and data, than only detect a fire
    5
    Detectionrequirementsfor remote sensing
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 13.
    • Color- & B/W sensing for detection
    • 14. Black & White images for smoke identification
    • 15. Color Information for smoke classification and monitoring
    • 16. Day and Night Visual information
    • 17. Weather /environmental information
    • 18. Information about geographical areas ( Hills, Mountains, POI)
    • 19. Position information (geo-referenced coordinates)
    • 20. Sensor status information
    • 21. Interactive sensor access for request of dedicated real time data by authorized users
    • 22. Database for event analysis- and training tasks
    6
    Data required for Fire Management procedures
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 23. Data provided for Fire Management
    7
    Numeric - , visual - and localization-information
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 24. Forest Ranger – Operator tools
    8
    Operator verification of alerts by hystographic analysis
    copyright by J.Dreibach 10 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 25. Data provided for Fire Management
    Visual image b/w with analysis functions Night detection
    9
    Color - & incident information
    (Live monitoring & database)
  • 26. Data provided for Fire Management
    10
    Color-, image-, parameter- and database-information
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 27. Data provided for Fire Management
    Geographic localisation
    11
    Georeferenced information
    (true azimuth & elevation related to sector and coordinates)
  • 28. Fire management tools
    12
    Fireevaluation by live observations (apr. 30km)
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 29. Fire management tools
    13
    Fireevaluation by live observations (apr. 15km)
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 30. Fire management tools
    14
    2D/3D Position simulation:
    Network integration for
    2D/3D Simulation of fire position
    and fire behaviour simulation
    copyright by J.Dreibach 10 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 31. Fire management tools
    15
    Fire management Interface:
    • Data communication with dispatching
    system for visual data exchange
    • Fire propagation
    • 32. Identification of resources
    • 33. Position of resources
    • 34. Movement of resources
    • 35. Strategic coordination of resources
    • 36. Identification of fire position
    • 37. Propagation of fire development
    copyright by J.Dreibach 10 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 38. System Concept – SDIS13 France
    16
    16 sensor´s
    2Control Office
    Radio Network
    Power
    FTP Storage
    3D GIS communication
    Fire management integration
    Meteo Stations
    24Hrs Service Contract
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 39. Commercial Operation and success
    Hectares burned
    Start Forest ranger
    Statistic by Capitaine JM DUMAZ - Fire Department Of Bouches-du-Rhône - France
    17
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 40. Conclusion
    Leave it as it is, or…
    18
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com
  • 41. stop it before …
    19
    Thank You for your attention
    Joachim F. Dreibach
    copyright by J.Dreibach 09 www.fire-wach-international.com