M.Reza.Farzad Behtash Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University - Bonab Branch PhD Candidate in Islamic Urbanism at Tabriz Islamic Art University [email_address] M.T.Pirbabaei PhD, Faculty Member of Tabriz Islamic Art University M.T.Aghababaei MS, Expert of HSE Research Group in Research & Planning Center of Tehran
According to Holling , “resilience determines the persistence of relationships within a system and is a measure of the ability of these systems to absorb change of state variable, driving variables, and parameters, and still persist”.
Louis Lebel (2001) “the potential of a particular configuration of a system to maintain its structure/function in the face of disturbance, and the ability of the system to re-organize following disturbance-driven change and measured by size of stability domain”.
Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR, 2005) “the capacity of a system, community, or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt, by resisting or changing, in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure. This is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity for learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures.”
Components Dimensions Social Race and ethnicity Age Social participation Behaviors Social capital Population, Gender NGOs Demographic Special needs Immigration Social security Household structure Socioeconomic status Flexibility Interest
Components Dimensions Economic Economic stability Continuity of business Supply chain Commercial capital Dynamic economic Employment and occupation Tourism Assets Economic security Housing
Components Dimensions Cultural Religion Ideas Values and principals Education Cultural capital Language Interoperable communications Cultural Independency Continuity of settlement Law obedient
Components Dimensions Physical Land use planning Building standards and codes Lifelines Critical Infrastructure Smart growth Local establishment and coherence Independency, sufficiency and efficiency of fabric Form, Space, Mass Physical structure Valuable fabric Primary core Redundancy Diversity Autonomy Adaptability Safety and strength Build technology Access to service Monuments and icons
Components Dimensions Political Legislation Political stability Continuity of government National and international stability Emergency management Response plan Hazard mitigation plan Comprehensive plan Recovery plan
Components Dimensions Geographical Climate Topography Environment capital Natural resources Special planning
Components Dimensions Environmental Water resources Pollution Erosion rates Flood zones Coastal areas Habitat loss
Components Dimensions Historical Preliminary core Formation elements Human capital Acceptance of experiences