FAO and the OH agenda


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GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Dr. Berhe Tekola - Director - Animal Production and Health - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO

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  • ECTAD to complement the RO and SRO office structures, with more than 90 FAORs and dozens of field office units. TRANSITION: So that gives us an idea of what we’ve achieved together, and what we continue to provide to member countries. But what about the current environment?????
  • April of this year (2010). FAO, WHO, and the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health based in Paris) delivered a concept note that among re-affirming their work together has the vision to (CLICK) “A world capable of preventing, detecting, containing, eliminating and responding to animal and public health risks attributable to zoonoses and animal diseases with an impact on food security through multi-sectoral cooperation and strong partnerships”
  • Globalisation and trade. This is poultry movements (legal). What we do not have a good handle on are the illegal movements in animal trade. World is getting smaler – products and people move faster that an incubation period for any given disease
  • Threats are increasing H5N1 HPAI, while contained, is still a threat Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 proved to the world that influenza viruses still a major cause for concern with potential for rapid global spread and fear (real or perceived) Foot-and-mouth disease and other threats have shown resilience and incursion an no country that is free is fully safe countries “ Old” diseases like Rabies continue to wreak havoc New threats continue to emerge Civet cats - family Legend:  Synonyms Related Words Antonyms Noun1. Viverra - type genus of the family Viverridae genus Viverra mammal genus - a genus of mammals family Viverridae , family Viverrinae , Viverridae , Viverrinae - genets; civets; mongooses TRANSITION: And there are more coming… but Why ?
  • FAO and the OH agenda

    1. 1. FAO and the OH agenda B erhe Gebreegziabher Tekola, DVM, PhD Animal Production and Health Division Rome, Italy
    2. 2. FAO Animal Production and Health Division’s vision animals and livelihoods Social Equity pro-poor policy and management Global Public and Common Goods Sustainable Natural Resources Livestock-environment issues land, water, air, biodiversity, ecosystems, Support to environmental health One Health Animal health and zoonoses Emerging & re-emerging diseases Endemic disease burdens Livestock-wildlife interactions Support to food safety
    3. 3. Agriculture and Consumer Protection Natural Resources Mgmt and Environment Forestry Technical Cooperation Communications Legal Service Economic and Social Development Fisheries and Aquaculture One Health Marketing and Trade Socio-Economics Agro-Ecosystems and Land Use Fisheries Policies and Legislation Policies and Legislation Animal Production and Feed Safety Animal Health and Food Safety Wildlife Domestic
    4. 4. Cooperation and Coordination <ul><li>EMPRES – The Emergency Prevention Systems to address prevention and early warning across the entire food chain (FAO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EMPRES-i: Global Animal Disease Information System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GLEWS: Global Early Warning System - information sharing & early warning (FAO, OIE & WHO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CMC-AH : Crisis Management Centre – Animal Health - rapid reaction (FAO & OIE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECTAD: Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases - FAO operation + technical divisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OFFLU : OIE and FAO Influenza laboratory network (OIE & FAO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNEP – CMS : Con-convenors Wildlife Diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Veterinary Public Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Priority Diseases and continued professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transboundary Animal Diseases – Global Framework for the Progressive Control of TADs (FAO/OIE - GF-TADs FAO & OIE) </li></ul><ul><li>Tripartite - One Health (WHO, FAO, OIE) </li></ul><ul><li>One Health with OIE </li></ul><ul><li>One Health at FAO </li></ul>
    5. 5. FAO: Worldwide
    6. 6. AGAH - Animal Health Service 2007-2010 Foot-and-mouth Disease, Classical Swine Fever, African Swine Fever, Rinderpest, PPR, Newcastle, Brucellosis, Rift Valley Fever, HPAI ... Information systems, vaccine production, diagnostic equipment, health and production, legislation, workshops, study tours, strategy development, contingency planning, legislation reviews, risk analysis, ...
    7. 7. Trends <ul><li>Human population </li></ul><ul><li>~ 8 billion by 2025, mostly in Asia, Africa and Latin America where also most of the poor current live. </li></ul><ul><li>The relatively wealthy and growing numbers of middle class population in Asia is generating a greater demand for high quality animal source protein. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 over 21 billion food animals were produced to feed over six billion people. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020, this demand will increase by 50 percent requiring a rise of an additional 10 billion food animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Need be more efficient in producing our food and do it safely </li></ul>
    8. 8. April 2010 Tripartite Position Paper
    9. 9. Strategic considerations and basis for FAO action in One Health <ul><li>Increasing threats to human, animal and environmental health through existing and emerging pathogens is triggered by multiple, often inter-related factors driven by global development trends; </li></ul><ul><li>Current approaches to disease prevention and control are largely based on disruption of pathogen transmission. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful - smallpox, rinderpest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less so - persistence of H5N1 AI, trypanosomosis, despite efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diseases arise through complex interactions of factors at the animal-human-ecosystem interface. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, there is a need to broaden the current predominantly reactive approaches to health protection to proactive measures of disease risk mitigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to include important fields - forestry, wildlife, environment, economics, sociology, anthropology, ecology, etc., and the lack of integrated practices impairs necessary synergistic action. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Focus <ul><li>Preventive safety measures and sustainability across the continuum .. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>natural resource management, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>land use, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>farming practices, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>safe food supply and marketing channels. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of veterinary-public health systems </li></ul><ul><li>Building on the early warning (i.e., FAO, OIE and WHO GLEWS), early detection and early response capacities (e.g., FAO-OIE’s CMC-AH and WHO’s GAR). </li></ul>
    11. 11. Main elements of FAO’s contribution to One Health <ul><li>Paving the way for an approach to health protection defined in broad terms (not just human and animal health) </li></ul><ul><li>Extending to social and agro-ecological resilience and environmental health. </li></ul><ul><li>In protecting the food chain (through technical, sound policies and the development agenda). </li></ul>
    12. 12. “ Tackling the disease at source” FAO, 2002 <ul><li>The prevention of animal diseases is, in most cases, far more cost-effective than their control - the economic impact of a moderate influenza pandemic could reach USD 3 trillion, preventive action addressing root causes is therefore highly justified. </li></ul><ul><li>Most high-impact diseases of humans and animals are transboundary in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Their prevention and control is central to preserving public health, and protecting this Common and Global Public Good is at the core of the FAO mandate and positively influences attaining the MDG. </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling the disease/infection at source is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention spill over into other susceptible populations from am known reservoir </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Containment in the geographical area of emergence before further spread. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. GLEWS website Visits by Countries www.glews.net
    14. 14. GLEWS <ul><li>The Global Early Warning System for Major Animal Diseases including Zoonoses (GLEWS) is a joint FAO, OIE and WHO initiative which combines the strengths of the three organizations to achieve common objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Priority diseases (zoonotic, high impact, food-borne). </li></ul><ul><li>Through sharing of information on GLEWS disease events and epidemiological analysis the GLEWS initiative aims at improving global early warning as well as transparency among countries. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Information for Action ” (CDC 1990) </li></ul>
    15. 15. GLEWS List of diseases of common interest <ul><li>African Swine Fever (ASF) </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Swine Fever (CSF) </li></ul><ul><li>Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza </li></ul><ul><li>Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies </li></ul><ul><li>Rift Valley Fever (RVF) </li></ul><ul><li>Rinderpest – Stomatitis/Enteritis </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep Pox/Goat Pox </li></ul><ul><li>New World Screwworm </li></ul><ul><li>Old World Screwworm </li></ul><ul><li>Q Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Anthrax </li></ul><ul><li>Brucellosis ( B. melitensis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tularemia </li></ul><ul><li>Food borne diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Ebola Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Encephalitis </li></ul><ul><li>Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Nipah Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis </li></ul><ul><li>West Nile Virus </li></ul>
    16. 16. empres-i database http://empres-i.fao.org/empres-i/home
    17. 17. early warning subscribe [email_address] <ul><li>digested analysis - forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>disease alert or early warning messages ( e-news letter ) </li></ul>
    18. 18. 72 121 53 49 97 66 59 246 281 726 380 87 177 84 Source: GIRA, 2004 DRIVERS: Poultry Commercial Movement 124 680 162 215 337 123 108 85 221 134 82 50 58 190 195 115 150 101
    19. 19. Increasing threats
    20. 20. FAOSTAT http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx
    21. 21. GeoNetwork http://www.fao.org/geonetwork/srv/en/main.home
    22. 22. GLiPHA Global Livestock Production and Health Atlas http://kids.fao.org/glipha/
    23. 23. FAO priorities in One Health <ul><li>Concerted collaboration with WHO and OIE </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing the combat against HPAI with greater emphasis on a long term approach to preventative action control and risk-reduction in endemic countries; </li></ul><ul><li>Building renovated disease management and risk prevention capacities; </li></ul><ul><li>Countering emerging disease pathogens dynamics and preventing extension into new areas and changes host populations or shifting in virulence; </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring human resources and provisions for surge capacity to support collaborative and coordinated activities at regional and national levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Organization-wide food and health security </li></ul>
    24. 25. Conclusions <ul><li>FAO brings to the world a comprehensive understanding to animal health in the context of agricultural development and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling the disease at source is fundamental for ensuring livelihoods and diminishing threats to human health and livelihoods . </li></ul><ul><li>Food security and food safety are closely linked </li></ul><ul><li>.. and Animal health is essential for food safety . </li></ul><ul><li>Human, animals and ecosystem share and will continue to share pathogens in a shared environment. </li></ul>
    25. 26. for a world without hunger www.fao.org