Enhancing urban resilience to extreme waters: The WASH and RESCUE Initiative


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1Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden, Kingdom of; 2Kristianstad City, Sweden

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  • One hundred years ago, only 2 in 10 people in the world were living in urban areas. By 2030, 6 outof every 10 people will be city dwellers, rising to 7 out of every 10 people by 2050. According to population growth projections, virtually all global growth over the next 30 years will be in urban areas. The number of urban residents is growing by nearly 60 million every year.
  • We know what to do and where to go, but what are the problem that needed change are not happening at the scale needed?The gap between what we do and what we know is actually growing –
  • Compatibility of dataBring information together – synthesize the knowledge and to make it available in the form that are accessible and useful to decision makers as well as the general public/
  • Enhancing urban resilience to extreme waters: The WASH and RESCUE Initiative

    1. 1. Enhancing urban resilience to extreme waters:The WASH & RESCUE Initiative Guoyi Han, Åse Johannessen, Anders Pålsson, Arno Rosemarin, Cecilia Ruben, Thor Axel Stenström, Åsa Swartling
    2. 2. This presentation is about a new intitaive: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Resilient Cities and Urban Areas Adapting to Extreme Waters WASH & RESCUE
    3. 3. What I would like to talk to you about: • About the WASH & RESCUE project: Why, what, and how • To get your feedback • To invite you for partnership and join the network
    4. 4. WASH & RESCUE: Why? (I)• The general context – Disaster risk is a matter of development – The world is increasingly urban – Human health and security in urban areas is increasingly under threat from extreme waters, and climate change is likely to exacerbate the impacts
    5. 5. WASH & RESCUE: Why? (II)• The Challenges for urban WASH system and DRR – The fundamental design principle is still predominantly based on ‘control and protection’ rather than building resilience; – Fragmentation and separation of urban WASH system planning and the DRR measures; – Lack of the cross-scale linkages
    6. 6. WASH & RESCUE: Why? (III)• Sustainable WASH technologies have been explored for ten years by the EcoSanRes Programme at SEI;• The need to synthesize the existing knowledge;• The need for transferring knowledge to action;
    7. 7. WASH & RESCUE: What? (I)• To seek integration of disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation in urban context, by achieving impact in: – understanding risk, with focus on assessment approaches integrating water, sanitation, hygiene and health aspects; – dealing with and reducing risk, with focus on the available preventative measures and actions; – bridging knowledge to action through synthesizing and social learning.
    8. 8. WASH & RESCUE: What? (II)• To examine multiple scales interactions in various social, ecological and cultural contexts through case studies guided by a resilience perspective, guided by a set of key questions: – River basin level -- The link to ecosystem management in the river basin, for example; – City level -- Good urban planning for resilient urban areas/cities – Technology systems for resilient WASH services
    9. 9. WASH & RESCUE: How? (I) Conceptual FrameworkKnowledge to Action Conceptural Framework
    10. 10. WASH & RESCUE: How? (II)Mode of analysis• Multi-scale analysis – river basin, city planning, and technical systems, where the city scale is the focal scale and it needs to be situated in the river basin (the upper scale) and linked to technical system components (the lower scale);• Social Learning and multiple stakeholder engagement;• Meta-analysis and synthesis: case study and ideally comparative case study.
    11. 11. WASH & RESCUE: How? (III) Case Study Protocol• Story lines – defines the core inquiry for every case study• Approach – Urban WASH system disaster risk screening – Governance/social learning screening – Risk management strategy screening (including ecosystem based measures, for example)• Data collection – Records and statistics – Survey• Analysis – Risk assessment – Interventions/management measures and strategies – Governance/social learning
    12. 12. WASH & RESCUE: How? (IV) WASH and DRR system screening E.g., urban WASH system flood risk screeningKey WASH Components Exposure to Vulnerability Risk (focus extreme water on human conditions, (e.g., Sensitivity Resilience and eco 100-year floods) People Critical People Critical system heath) infrastructure infrastructure…(main …(sub-category) … … … … … …category) WASH SYSTEM COMPONENTS WASH DISASTER RISK SCREENING
    13. 13. Network and Collaboration• MSB – Swedish and International WASH activities• SWH Cluster Group for Water & DDR (incl Sida, FOI, FSH, etc)• Mistra-SWECIA (SEI), Transforming Governance theme (SEI), the Adaptive governance, learning and networks theme (Stockholm Resilience Center)• Swedish VAKA network• SuSanA (Sustainable Sanitation Alliance) especially working group 8 of emergency sanitation practitioners• Stoutenberg group (ACF, Oxfam, WASTE, Red Cross, MSF)• SEI EcoSanRes expertise and the 8 global knowledge nodes in developing countries;• UNISDR: Resilient cities campaign;• Partnership for Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction (PEDRR www.pedrr.net ) where SEI is already involved.
    14. 14. Dr. Arno Rosemarinarno.rosemarin@sei-international.orghttp://www.sei-international.org/