Emergency Support System - ESS: System’s field tests

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Adrien MANGIAVILLANO …

Adrien MANGIAVILLANO

CEREN, FR

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  • 1. IDRC 2012DAVOS, 28th of AugustAims, results and technical details of the field testsColonel Claude PICARDDr. Frederique GIROUDDr. Adrien MANGIAVILLANO CEREN (France)
  • 2.  why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment, ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability, ◦ Step n°3 – Use an operationnal system where? ◦ South of France: Nîmes, Sisteron, Sospel
  • 3. Step 2 - Sisteron 5th of July 2012 Step 3 -Vescavo pass Chemical accident 9th of April 2013 Step 1 - Nîmes Airplane crash and24th of March 2012 Cross border Forest fire Flood event
  • 4. Deploy, test and improve the ESS system by using the real-life conditions Operational ESS Field Tests Context Difficulties aspects deployement Nimes Real condition (with a lot of All system except Traffic (24th of March Urban area people around the system). UAV, SGV management 2012) Field test during the evenning + 1 more balloon Sisteron Highway – Coordination with Articulation of operationnal (6th of June Official a large number of All system and technological aims 2012) exercise means Border Topography for aeronotics cooperation Vescavo Mountainous tools – between France All system (April 2013) area Internet deployment- and Italy. Weather conditions Dynamic crisis in space 4
  • 5.  why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment, where? Nîmes– 24th of March 2012 “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area”
  • 6. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 Heavy floods in the city in 1986 and 1988.This scenario plays real data on 6th of September 2005. 6
  • 7. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1Subject: Evacuation of the Nimes stadium during an event type: “heavy rain falls and storms in Gard department”.Area: City of Nîmes in Gard department (Costières stadium).Agenda: Saturday 24th of March 2012.Context and objectives: Heavy rainfalls hit the city of Nimes. A soccer game has just started in the Costières stadium. The level water on the roads begin to generate traffic problems. Test of new technologies for crisis management in operational scenario. Communication, cooperation and coordination between different entities (Prefecture, Police, firefighter, municipality of Nîmes) to improve acquisition, harmonization and dissemination of data. 7
  • 8. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV 1 server + 3 laptops used for  PDA system operating  GPS  IMSI catcher Autonomous internet network  Tents  Power supply
  • 9. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 10. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video dispatching via a local network built  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 11. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 12. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 13. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA Skystar 300  GPS Skystar 180  IMSI Monitoring of the crisis site  Tents  Power supply
  • 14. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI Monitoring of the crisis site  Tents  Power supply
  • 15. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents Users send pictures of the crisis site  Power supply in live
  • 16. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 17. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection Evacuation instructions are sent to the  Web portal attendees  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 18. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS  IMSI  Tents
  • 19. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment,  Satellite connection  Web portal  Live video via local network  Traffic management application  Population density application  Small and Big Balloon  SGV  PDA  GPS 40 kVA generator  IMSI  Tents  Power supply
  • 20. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 BALLOON WIFIWIFI SGV WIFI BALLOON PDA n°1 and PDA n°2 Balloon IMSI catcher water sensors ESS C3 20
  • 21. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 who? ◦ Users: 30 persons ◦ VIP : 34 persons (civil protection, political makers, administratives services, international experts…) ◦ ESS team: 50 persons  TOTAL: 114 persons
  • 22. “Flood risk event in the Nimes Stadium area” Step 1 Results of step n°1 ◦ System deployment: 1 and ½ days ◦ System testing : ½ day ◦ System connection to internet : ok ◦ System stability : to be improved ◦ Power supply of the mesh network: not enough energy ◦ Communication flow: low, to be improved The majority of the technical key-points were well done BUT… the lack of stability and the difficulties in term of tools interactions have been highlighted
  • 23.  why? ◦ Step n°1 – Test functionnalities and deployment, ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability, where? ◦ Sisteron (France)
  • 24. Step 2 - Sisteron 5th of July 2012 Step 3 -Vescavo pass Chemical accident 9th of April 2013 Step 1 - Nîmes Airplane crash and24th of March 2012 Cross border Forest fire Flood event
  • 25.  where? ◦ Sisteron, 5th of July 2012 Direction Gap Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel of the Baume Highway A51 Direction Marseille Sisteron city La Durance river
  • 26. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 This event was a real prefectoral exercise.During the field test, a lot of operationnal means have been deployed (>40 persons). 26
  • 27. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2Subject: Traffic accident implying a truck (hazardous material transport), with passenger car in a tunnel of a highway.Area: The tunnel of the Baume is located on the district of Sisteron (Alpes de Haute Provence department) and enables highway A51 to cross the Baume forest.Agenda: 6th of June 2012.Context and objectives: Chemical risk and pollution of Durance river. (The leak is confirmed, with a toxic cloud and flow towards the Durance). Test of new technologies for crisis management in operational scenario. Communication, cooperation and coordination between different entities (Prefecture, Gendarmerie, ESCOTA, firefighter, municipality of Sisteron) to improve acquisition, harmonization and dissemination of data. 27
  • 28. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 Field test n°2 situation La Durance
  • 29. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Mails  Cloud for video dispatching  Mission assignment Drone orbiter
  • 30. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Mails  Cloud for video dispatching  Mission assignment  Press point
  • 31. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Chemical sensors  Mails  Spatial simulation of chemical cloud dispersion  Cloud for video dispatching  Mission assignment  Press point
  • 32. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Chemical sensors  Mails and mission assignment  Spatial simulation of chemical cloud dispersion  Cloud for video dispatching  Press point
  • 33. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Chemical sensors  Mails and Mission assignment  Spatial simulation of chemical cloud dispersion  Cloud for video dispatching  Mission assignment ALOHA SIMULATION  Press point
  • 34. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Chemical sensors  Mails and Mission assignment  Spatial simulation of chemical cloud dispersion  Cloud for video dispatching  Press point
  • 35. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 why? ◦ Step n°2 – Add new functionnalities and improve the system reliability / stability,  UAV  Chemical sensors  Mails and Mission assignment  Spatial simulation of chemical cloud dispersion  Cloud for video dispatching  Press point and audience
  • 36. IMSI CATCHERESS COMMAND CONTROL CENTER WIFI UAV WIFI SGV WIFI 37
  • 37. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2
  • 38. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 who? ◦ End-users: 45 persons ◦ Journalists : 15 persons ◦ VIP : 50 persons (civil protection, political makers, administratives services, international experts…) ◦ ESS team: 64 persons  TOTAL: 174 persons
  • 39. Chemical accident in the highway Tunnel – Sisteron Step 2 Results of step n°2 « improvment » ◦ System deployment: 1 and ½ days ◦ System testing : 1 and ½ days ◦ System connection to internet : ok ◦ System stability : ok ◦ Power supply : ok ◦ Communication flow: operationnal Globally, the ESS system is ready to be used. Technicaly, it could be improved again (in terms of deployment). Next step is the system handling evaluation by end-users
  • 40. Step 2 - Sisteron 5th of July 2012 Step 3 -Vescavo pass Chemical accident 9th of April 2013 Step 1 - Nîmes Airplane crash and24th of March 2012 Cross border Forest fire Flood event
  • 41. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3 ◦ Step n°3 – Use an operationnal system Vescavo pass where? ◦ Sospel, April 2013 Border Sospel Olivetta San Michele
  • 42. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3 ◦ Step n°3 – Use an operationnal system where? ◦ Sospel, April 2013  1 day for VIP’s demonstration  1 day for operationnal use 43
  • 43. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3◦ Step n°3 – Use an operationnal system  who? France Fire-Fighters (Fr) Nice Prefecture (Fr) Town Hall of Sospel (Fr) Italy Corpo Forestale del Stato (It) Vigile del Fuoco (It) Prefecture of Imperia (It) Town Hall of Olivetta San Michele (It) Police (Fr/It) 44
  • 44. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3 ◦ Step n°3 – Use an operationnal systemSynopsis of Field Test n°3 – Vescavo passFrench fire-fighters headquarter “CODIS” is alerted about a civil airplanedisappearance in the region of the French/Italian border, near Sospel.In the same time, a lot of phone calls from civilian informs the French fire-fighters about an airplane crash, near the Vescavo pass.National airplane service informs CODIS that this plane had 5 persons onboard and was in charge of a chemical container transportation. CODIS callthe prefecture of Nice to disseminate the information to the national level. 45
  • 45. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3Chronological actions during the field test1. Reconnaissance of the crash area by using PDA2. CODIS 06 / SOUP Imperia liaison by the ESS portal to inform and ask reinforcement3. Build the French/Italian PCO (prefecture of Nice and Imperia)4. Medical details sending via the ESS portal5. Crisis sectoring between French and Italian means.6. Fire behavior details by asking UAV and balloon, to watch the real situation from headquarters and Field Command Posts (FCP).7. Use of CCPD Vintimille (shared police corp).8. Leadership changing when the fire through the border9. French reinforcement for the Olivetta San Michele town10. Emergency management when a French truck is touched by flames 46 inside the Italian territory.
  • 46. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Example of actions Step 3 T + 20 mn French to Italian Contact between CODIS and SOUP Imperia via chat and 6 (10h20) headquarter the portal. visioconférence. … … … … … UAV sends video of the fire front. Fire simulation T + 75 mn C4 to headquarters is done. New ALOHA simulation is done. Results 19 .txt, .pdf, photo, vidéo (11h15) and shared PCO are watching by CODIS, SOUP and PCO. A house is localized near the fire line. … … … … … A French vehicle (PDA n°2) is encircled by the PDA 2 to PDA 4, flame. He tries to send an SOS trough the French T + 160 headquarters, FCP and Italian frequencies. C4 informs SOUP and 33 Radio, txt, video, Map (12h45) French and FCP CODIS about the GPS position of PDA n°2. Italian, PCO UAV is sent to evaluate the situation. Video are watched by all users.PDA n°2 will and a message by chat:send a picture… « help us ! »
  • 47. Cross border Forest fire, Vescavo pass –April 2013 Step 3Operationnal added values expected with the step n°3:•Autonomus Internet access deployment in mountainous area•Build a spectacular Bottum-Up channel to send critical information to the authorities•Real time exchange of maps and data between services (INFORMATION)•Integration of foreign means inside a national crisis management (COOPERATION)•Improve the links at different scales between countries (COORDINATION) 48
  • 48. Merci beaucoup ! 49