1. Saif A. MUSA(PhD)- United Arab Emirates University 2. AbdAllah Hamid(PhD)- United Arab Emirates University [email_address] International Disaster and Risk Conference Davos May 30 _ June 3 . 2010 Davos-Switzerland Darfur Crisis: Associated Mental Health Problems among Internally Displaced Women
GHQ-28 results showed that 72% scored more than cutoff point 9. And accordingly were classified as non-psychotic psychiatric cases.
Age was significantly associated with social dysfunction, the older the age the more social dysfunction was reported.
Family size was significantly related with general distress, depression, and social dysfunction. That is, the larger family size the less score on above scales.
Two-tailed independent sample t -test results showed significant difference between employed and unemployed in general distress, somatic symptoms, depression, anxiety,& social dysfunction The unemployed scored higher in these dimensions. .
T-test results also showed significant difference based on date of displacement in general distress, somatic symptoms, depression, anxiety, and social dysfunction. Women who displaced in 2003 consistently had showed higher scores on all these dimensions compared to those who displaced in 2004.
One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) resulted in significant differences related to marital status in general distress, somatic symptoms, and social dysfuction. Married participants scored higher on distress and social dysfunction compared to unmarried women and widows, while widows scored higher on somatic symptoms compared to married and single women.
T-test results have showed significant mean differences between internally displaced women in the Nyala camps and Fasher camp for the general distress, somatic symptoms, anxiety, and social dysfunction. IDPs in the Nyala camps (Seraif and Utash camps) reported more on these dimensions compared to their counterparts in the Fasher camp (Abu Shoak camp).
This study was conducted in three camps located around towns of Nyala and Fasher to highlight the mental health problems facing IDPs.
Lack of security was the sole reason for internally displacement in Darfur. Since the IDPs were victims.
Four factors could have led to the dissatisfaction of internally displaced women: i)lack of employment ;ii) unsuitability of shelter and food items; iii) lack of sanitation and social services; and iv) lack of security around camps.
Non-psychotic psychiatric disorder symptoms were highly prevalent amongst displaced women, in particular those who displaced in 2003. displaced women in camps by Nyala town seemed to experience more mental health problems than those in the camp by Fasher town.
Displacement and experiences of armed conflict have a significant impact on mental health of victims.
Findings of this study imply that attention should be directed toward provision of psychosocial support and psychological rehabilitation services to internally displaced women in Darfur.