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Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards
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Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards

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Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards

Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards

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Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards Mega Catastrophes/Large Scale Natural Hazards Presentation Transcript

  • Mega Catastrophes / Large Scale Natural Hazards Dag Nielsen, Senior Advisor ICT4Peace Foundation IDRC Davos 2010 Davos, 1 June 2010 1
  • Disaster Management today • Lots of communication and IT tools, but … • Limited content e.g. maps, HIC, Reliefweb, IRIN • Training, mainly on use of hardware and software – not content • Some training on peace keeping • New technology not easiely available 2
  • Some good practice • GSM network in Kabul • Early warning systems • Tampere Convention • GooB – Governance out of a Box • Banda Aceh after the tsunami • Muzaffarabad earthquake 3
  • ICT Gaps in Crises and Disaster Management • No clear mandate and communication lines between organizations and actors • One CIM and coordination • Mapping of the total information needs • Content, Connectivity, Access • ICT Support to victims • Applications exist but are not used 4
  • Disaster management • Chaos - First week • Organized Chaos - Next three weeks • More organized - After a month 5
  • Why Disaster management • To save life • Limit environmental damage • Limit financial loss 6
  • Actors in Disasters Citizens 3. 1. • Ethnic groups International • Civil society Local organizations community • Religious groups on site 2. 4. Beneficiaries Local International • Victims Government organizations • IDPs and refugees and actors / outside NGOs disaster area 7
  • Local Community in disasters • They are on Site • Save most lives • Most hit by environmental and financial consequences Available tools • Mobile phones • Radio 8
  • “Saffron Revolution” in Myanmar in 2007 • 100,000 people joined a Facebook group supporting the monks • No international TV crews allowed in the country • Mobile phone cameras were the first footage of the monks protest • Blogs from Rangoon were the only sources of information 9
  • Power of SMS • “My name is Mohammed Sokor, writing to you from Dagahaley refugee camp in Dadaab. Dear Sir, there is an alarming issue here. People are given too few kilogram of food. You must help.” • “Found 5 of my friends, 2 dead. Of the 5, 4 are back in Colombo. The last one is stranded because of a broken bridge. Broken his leg. But he's alive.” 10
  • New ways of communicating and understanding • Information and Communications Technologies • Web 2.0 | Twitter | Flickr | YouTube • Mobiles | SMS | MMS | Mobile video • Email • VoIP 11
  • Thank you! 12