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Cyclone Nargis and ASEAN: Promoting a Regional Mechanism in Disaster Management
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Cyclone Nargis and ASEAN: Promoting a Regional Mechanism in Disaster Management

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Cyclone Nargis and ASEAN: Promoting a Regional Mechanism in Disaster Management

Cyclone Nargis and ASEAN: Promoting a Regional Mechanism in Disaster Management


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  • 1. Dr. William Sabandar, Special Envoy of Secretary General of ASEAN for Post-Nargis Recovery, Myanmar CYCLONE NARGIS AND ASEAN: Promoting A Regional Mechanism in Disaster Management
  • 2. 1 CONTENT 2 3 4 5 6 7 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 3. A 200 KM PER HOUR CYCLONE THAT EASILY TURNED A BIG TREE INTO THIS…..… ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 4. AND CHANGED THOUSANDS OF VILLAGES INTO THIS…..… ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 5. AND MADE MILLION OF PEOPLE TO LIVE LIKE THIS…..… ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 6. … AN ABSOLUTE HUMANITARIAN CALL TO THE WORLD… ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 7. 140,000 people dead or missing 2.4 million people severely affected 4.1 USD billion losses and damage THE WORST natural disaster in the history of Myanmar 8 TH deadliest disaster in the world Comparable with the Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia A MEGA DISASTER … ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 8. CONTENT 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 9. ASEAN: ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH-EAST ASIAN NATIONS
    • Brunei Darussalam
    • Cambodia
    • Indonesia
    • Laos
    • Malaysia
    • Myanmar
    • Philippines
    • Singapore
    • Thailand
    • Vietnam
    ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 10. RESPONDING TO THE AFTERMATH OF CYCLONE NARGIS IN MYANMAR, ON 19 MAY 2008, THE ASEAN FOREIGN MINISTERS AGREED TO ESTABLISH AN ASEAN-LED COORDINATION The Mandate: “ to facilitate the effective distribution and utilization of assistance from the international community , including the expeditious and effective deployment of relief workers, especially health and medical personnel.” The Special ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting Chairman ‘s Statement, Singapore, 19 May 2008 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 11. ASEAN-LED COORDINATION
  • 12. ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force Tripartite Core Group (TCG) TCG Recovery Coordination Centre (RCC) Policy coordination Provide policy decisions and set the priorities and targets with regard to the implementation of the ASEAN-led initiative Overall Operational coordination (i) Coordinate resources; (ii) Facilitate operations including access for humanitarian workers (iii) Coordinate monitoring of and evaluation on the progress and achievements National Technical coordination TCG Recovery Hub Offices (RHO) Field Coordination THE ASEAN-LED COORDINATION IS A COORDINATION AT ALL LEVELS TO FACILITATE THE EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION OF INCOMING INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE
    • Overall management of recovery coordination at national level
    • The RCC is to the combined secretariat to the Recovery Forum and the TCG,
    • Centre for the information and analysis
    • coordination between the Township Coordination Committees and humanitarian agencies in affected communities.
    • Four Hub Offices were established in Bogale, Labutta, Pyapon and Yangon
  • 13. Recovery Coordination Centre Manager Coordination Officer 1 Coordination Officer 3 Coordination Officer 2 Aid Coordination and Reporting Officer National Professional National Professional National Professional Administration Officer Recovery Liaison Officer 1 Recovery Liaison Officer 1 Recovery Liaison Officer 1 Recovery Liaison Officer 4
    • National Assistant
    • Information Assistant
    • Office support staff
    • National Assistant
    • Information Assistant
    • Office support staff
    • National Assistant
    • Information Assistant
    • Office support staff
    • National Assistant
    • Information Assistant
    • Office support staff
    Special Assistant National Professional TCG/RF Secretariat Staff FIRST TIME EVER.. AN ASEAN - UN PARTNERSHIP ON THE GROUND Position filled by A SEAN HTF Position filled by UN
  • 14. 1 2 3 CONTENT 4 5 6 7 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 15. FIRST ASEAN-UN INTERNATIONAL PLEDGING CONFERENCE CONDUCTED ON 25 MAY 2008 IN YANGON, THE WORLD RESPONDED QUICKLY . .THANKS FOR THE COMMITMENT AND SUPPORTS! Pledged Committed USD 37,444,085 USD 477 million USD 330 million FLASH APPEAL 69.2%
  • 16. USD 103,5 million USD 88,5 million Prioritized Action Plan Committed ON 25 NOVEMBER 2009, ASEAN INITIATED AND LED A POST NARGIS ASSISTANCE CONFERENCE (PONAC) TO MOBILIZE RESOURCES TO ADDRESS IMMEDIATE CRITICAL NEEDS.. 85% Australia Denmark EC Germany Japan Netherlands New Zealand Norway Singapore Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom USA DONORS ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 17. DONORS CAN FREELY CHOOSE THE MOST PREFERRED FUNDING MECHANISM TO SUPPORT PONREPP PRIORITIZED ACTION PLAN Implementing directly or through implementing partners DONORS UN Agencies NGOs Govt. of the Union of Myanmar Trust Fund ASEAN Prioritized Action Plan Projects BENEFICIARIES ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 18. 1 2 3 4 CONTENT 5 6 7 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 19. RECOVERY INFORMATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM IS IN PLACE TO ASSURE THE ACCOUNTABILITY OF YOUR AID AND IMPROVE SERVICE DELIVERY TO BENEFICIARIES DATABASE EXTRACTS WEBSITE DONORS
    • HUMANITARIAN COMMUNITY
    • RECOVERY HUBS OFFICE
    • RECOVERY WORKING GROUPS
    BENEFICIARIES
    • PROJECT
    • IMPLEMENTOR(S)
    • LOCATION(S)
    • DELIVERABLES
    Post-Nargis PERIODIC REVIEW PRODUCTS AND SERVICES MAPS CHARTS GRAPHS ANALYTICAL PRODUCTS R ECOVERY C OORDINATION C ENTER ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 20. ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 21. RIAS IS DESIGNED TO TRACK PROGRESS FROM DONORS TO IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES.. ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 22. AND ... ALSO TRACKS EACH SPECIFIC PROJECT TROUGH “PROTRACK” SYSTEM ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 23. 2 3 4 5 6 CONTENT 7 8 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 24. Examples of Deliverables from January to October 2009* PROGRESS HAS BEEN MADE.. * RCC/MIMU, a more comprehensive information is available in the conference kits 17,496 new shelters provided 31,015 shelters rehabilitated 29,265 households assisted with materials 10, 332 metric tonnes of rice seeds distributed 9, 117
      • power tillers distributed
    25,029 fishing boats provided 9,365 children provided with therapeutic and supplementary feeding 843 units of health facilities regularly supplied with drugs 469,386 pregnant/lactating women provided with micronutrient 9
      • child friendly schools constructed
    2,777 primary school teachers trained 188,000
      • sets of textbooks and essential learning packages provided
    28, 729, 198 liters of drinking water distributed 6,269 water storage constructed/rehabilitated 296 ponds rehabilitated ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 25. Japan School construction at Tin Hkote Gyi, Kyait Latt School Construction
  • 26. Hospital contributed by Thailand in Daw Nyein village in Pyar Pon Hospital
  • 27. World Vision pond construction at Kwin Waing Pond Construction
  • 28. Agriculture sector is partially recovered and still needs more assistance Agriculture
  • 29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 CONTENT 7 ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 30.
    • Emergency / relief
    • Recovery
    • Development incorporating disaster risk management (Build back better)
    Normal development Victims Damage and loss Survivors Incorporating Disaster Management into Development Programs ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 31. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS ASEAN DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS DISASTER MANAGEMENT CAPACITY BUILDING GOVERNMENT OF MYANMAR ASEAN ASEAN POST NARGIS IT IS CRUCIAL TO MANAGE SMOOTH TRANSITION FROM RECOVERY TO NORMAL DEVELOPMENT PHASE ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 CONTENT ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 33. IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS , 8 OUT OF 10 ASEAN MEMBER STATES HAVE BEEN STRUCK BY LARGE SCALE DISASTERS WITH ALMOST 350 THOUSAND PEOPLE DEAD OR MISSING, RECONSTRUCTION COSTS OF MORE THAN USD 10 BILLION AND MORE THAN 10 MILLION PEOPLE SEVERELY AFFECTED ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 34. TO HAVE A MORE UNITED AND COORDINATED RESPONSES TOWARD DISASTER WITHIN THE REGION , ASEAN HAS AGREED TO AADMER (ASEAN AGREEMENT ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE) A legal framework for all ASEAN member states and serves as a common platform in responding to disasters within the ASEAN Initiated in mid 2004, mandate given 3 weeks before tsunami and signed by Foreign Ministers of ASEAN in July 2005 after 4 months of negotiation Objective: Reducing disaster losses in ASEAN countries, and jointly respond to disaster emergencies Manifests ASEAN’s commitment to the implementation of HFA Enter into force by end of 2009 ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Center) as operational coordination body and engine of AADMER ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 35. ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE FUNDING REGULATION ASSESMENT, RECOVERY PLAN + MONITORING AND EVALUATION EXECUTING CAPACITY INSTITUTION IS KEY FOR SUCESSFUL DISASTER MANAGEMENT Institutional framework that shows the leadership of national government supported by recovery partners Adequate authority to decide , non bureaucratic, quick decision making process and high ability to adapt (restructure) toward operational needs on the field Adequate funding with elements of speed, flexibility and accountability Professionalism, integrity, sincerity, passion..and strong leadership Flexibility to reflect needs with effective monitoring and evaluation ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 36. PROMOTING REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM: 5 KEY ELEMENTS
    • NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TO LEAD – REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM IS TO STRENGTHEN THE REGIONAL COOPERATION TO SUPPORT THE LEADERSHIP OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
    • REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM FACILITATES THE USE OF REGIONAL RESOURCES IN SUPPORT TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
    • REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM FACILITATES TRUST AND COOPERATION FROM POLICY TO IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL
    • REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM FACILITATES INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEM, FROM NEEDS ASSESMENT AND PLANNING TO MONITORING AND EVALUATION
    • REGIONAL ASEAN MECHANISM IS TO SUPPORT NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN INTEGRATING RECOVERY WITH REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
    ASEAN HUMANITARIAN TASK FORCE, MYANMAR
  • 37. Thank You together for Nargis survivors together for humanity