Climate Change and Adaptation-IDRC 2010.ppt

Uploaded on


More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Climate Change and Adaptation: Where do we go from here? Dr. Sarah Ahmed The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda , Vadodara, India.
    • Climate Change
    • Variability in temperature , precipitation , hydrological cycles and ocean tides
    • Vulnerability due to the adverse effect of variability impacting on livelihood sectors like agriculture fishery forestry
    • Inequities in sectors like food, water and health especially in developing countries
  • 3. Vulnerability in developing countries
    • Developing countries in arid and semi arid regions
    • Low Human Capital
    • Low Financial
    • Low potential of Employment
    • Low Income
    • Low capability to face changes in climate and ensure sustainability
    • Enhancement of Adaptive capacity essential
  • 4. Adaptation Measures
    • Policy Measures
    • Technological Measures
    • Climate responsive change in location, activity, use
    • Monitoring and Forecasting
    • Risk sharing
  • 5. Total costs of climate change
    • The costs of mitigation i.e. reducing the extent of climate change; e.g. limit the overall temperature increase to 2 o C;
    • the costs of adaptation i.e. reducing the impact of climate change; e.g. invest in coastal protection to limit the negative impacts of 2 o C warming
    • the residual impact cost that can neither be mitigated nor adapted to e.g. accept the loss of certain coastlines because they cannot be defended at reasonable costs.
  • 6. Adaptation costs and equity
    • The UNDP calculates that by 2015, adaptation will cost nearly $86 billion a year.
    • A World Bank estimation puts that number closer to $100 billion
    • equity aspects: the sufferers are usually not the contributors to the adverse effects of climate change.
  • 7. Adaptation costs
    • Adaptation costs would be additional costs to development initiatives to maintain the pre-climate change welfare levels.
    • it involves allocation of resources to adapt to climate change while also meeting the needs of other sectors.
    • Accurate costs of adaptation is difficult to estimate but essential
    • Accurate information and data at the disaggregated level is essential for proper policy framing and allocation of resources.
  • 8. Sectoral Adaptation Costs
  • 9. Funding Resources for Adaptation Measures
    • Adaptation measures can prove to be very costly.
    • It also involves equity aspects as those suffering the ill effects of climate change may not be the creators of the problem
    • developing countries expect the developed countries to fund the adaptation measures.
    • InJune 2008 India announced its National Action Plan on Climate Change.
    • The Plan covers eight broad areas through its National Missions which takes care of both mitigation and adaptation measures.
  • 11. The Eight National Missions
    • 1. National Solar Mission
    • 2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
    • 3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
    • 4. National Water Mission
    • 5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
    • 6. National Mission for a “Green India”
    • 7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
    • 8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
    • Each of these Missions has a technology development and R&D component.
  • 12. Adaptation Components in India
    • Major components of Adaptation are:
    • Crop improvement and research
    • Drought proofing and flood control
    • Health improvement and preventation of disease
    • Risk financing
    • Disaster management
    • Forest conservation
    • Poverty alleviation and livelihood preservation
  • 13. Adaptation costs in India
    • As a percentage of GDP, the increse in adaptation costs is as follows:
    • 2004-05 0.88%
    • 2005-06 1.61%
    • 2006-07 2.17%
  • 14. Policy Initiatives for Adaptation
    • Rural employment generating schemes like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act [NREGA, 2005] for livelihood security in rural areas
    • Watershed Development Projects
    • Urban Employment Programmes
    • Programmes for Tribal Youth
    • Afforestation
    • Infrastructure
    • Insurance
  • 15. Method of Implementation
    • Under the concept of public private partnership
    • Involving all stakeholders: Central Ministries and agencies, State Governments, business and industry, civil society and community level organizations and representatives
    • Both Mitigation and Adaptation Measures are addressed in the missions
  • 16. Policy Action For Successful Adaptation
    • Accurate and disaggregated data is absolutely essential
    • Improve the lack of balanced approach towards addressing all villages and/or talukas
    • It would be worthwhile to involve academic institutions to conduct surveys for assessing the adaptation needs of the various sectors.
  • 17.
    • A public-academic-community policy action would give a fair idea about how much to adapt and which sectors should be given priority and in which areas/regions.
    • Training workshops to train the trainers is essential so that survey instruments are formulated accurately to get the desired data.
  • 18.
    • Incorporating Adaptation Fund allocation in the annual budgets at the local level
    • Municipality and village panchayat officials should be sensitized to incorporate adaptation measures with adequate consultation and cooperation of the local residents
  • 19.
          • Thank you