Chris REIJ ""Strategies and policies for scaling up re-greening successes"

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  • Chris REIJ ""Strategies and policies for scaling up re-greening successes"

    1. 1. ANOTHER KIND OF GREEN REVOLUTION INDRYLANDS:SCALING UP RE-GREENING SUCCESSESChris ReijESTABLISHED 1982
    2. 2. Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003 (before and after) 1975 2003
    3. 3. Improved soil fertility and fodder production
    4. 4. FARMER-MANAGED RE-GREENING IN NIGER• 5,000,000 ha re-greened in 20 years ( no recurrent costs to governments)• 200 million new trees (not planted)• additional cereal production/year: 500,000 ton• 2.5 million people fed• 1.25 million rural households involved
    5. 5. WHY HAVE FARMERS IN NIGER INVESTED IN ON-FARM TREES?• REACTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS IN 1980s AND 1990s• INCREASING POPULATION PRESSSURE• LOWEST COST SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION OF AGRICULTURE• PERCEIVED OWNERSHIP OF ON-FARM TREES
    6. 6. VEGETATION TURNS DOWN THE HEAT
    7. 7. SHADE MAKES A DIFFERENCE TO PEOPLE,CROPS AND LIVESTOCK
    8. 8. AGROFORESTRY AS CO-BENEFIT OF WATER HARVESTING Simple techniques 1990 Zaï Demi lunes Big impacts 2004 Piliostigma reticulatum Combretum glutinosum
    9. 9. TOOLS FOR SCALING UP SUCCESSESIDENTIFY RE-GREENING SUCCESSESA. WORKING AT THE GRASSROOTSB. TOP-DOWN MEETS BOTTOM-UPC. DEVELOP A COMMUNICATION STRATEGYD. DEVELOP AGROFORESTRY VALUE CHAINS
    10. 10. CHALLENGES:TECHNICALLY SIMPLE AND LOW COSTNEED TO BUILD VILLAGE INSTITUTIONSAGROFORESTRY HAS NO INSTITUTIONALHOMELAND AND TREE TENURENOT PART OF THE AG MODERNISATIONPARADIGM
    11. 11. THE CONVENTIONAL AGRICULTURALMODERNISATION PARADIGM:NOT SUSTAINABLE, NO RESILIENCE,NO EQUITYAGROFORESTRY IS THE PILLAR OF AGRICULTUREIN DRYLANDS AND SUBHUMID REGIONS
    12. 12. October 1988 (water harvesting techniquesintroduced on barren land in 1985)
    13. 13. OCTOBER 2008 (COUNTERFACTUAL 0 kg/ha)

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