Challenges and opportunities in building a resilient city

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Seda KUNDAK

Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, Republic of

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Challenges and opportunities in building a resilient city

  1. 1. RESILIENCE: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE Seda Kundak
  2. 2. Space Macro (regional/National/Global) Resilience: Capacity to transform losses Meso into opportunities SystemicResilience: Vulnerability:Mitigation Vulnerability toCapacities losses Physical Micro Vulnerability: Vulnerability to Stress Time Impact Emergency Recovery Reconstruction ENSURE Project, 2011 2
  3. 3. Resilience by definition (UNISDR)The ability of a system, community or society exposed tohazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recoverfrom the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficientmanner, including through the preservation andrestoration of its essential basic structures and functions
  4. 4. Environ. EQ Social Economy Terror. Flood CITY HAZARDNetworks Admin. Fire L.S. Struc. ... RISKS
  5. 5. HumanRESOURCES Finance Know. CreativityPERFORM Innovation Communic.
  6. 6. SUSTAINED by self-organization, increasing learningand individual capacity and rapid response PERFORMED by innovations, creativity,flexibility, collaboration , self- reliance, feedbacks TO HAVEresource, redundancy, networks, information, experience, knowledge, diversity, robu stness
  7. 7. Due to past experiences on disaster field, we may call asettlement as resilient according to: the range of damage of a given settlement faced with an natural/technological hazard the functioning ratio of services/emergencies after math of a disaster the length of the recovery period the ratio of external assistance (national/international) to recovery the efficiency of rehabilitation/mitigation process after disaster
  8. 8. Key motivation to enhance ResilienceBig Shock1999 Kocaeli and Duzce Earthquakes where more than17.000 people died, 44.000 injured people andapproximately 10 billion USD of economic losses whichwere equivalent around 4% of the country’s GDP.Expected Big ShockThe increasing probability of a severe EQ which wouldaffect Istanbul where the exposed population reaches tomore than 20 million in Istanbul and the Marmara Region.
  9. 9. 1999 EQs are milestones TCIP Revision of Building Codes Microzonnation Studies Tsunami Scenarios Earthquake Master Plan of Istanbul Establishment of Coordination Center for Disasters (IMM) & Disaster Management Center (IG) Public awareness campaigns NGO’s Establishment of AFAD (Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency) ISMEP Project
  10. 10. Achievements of ISMEP CONTRIBUTION TO RESILIENCEA. Strengthening TO HAVE: provide resources and enhance networksEmergency Management PERFORMED by: flexibility, collaboration, self-reliance and feed-backsCapacity SUSTAINED by: increasing learning, individual capacity, rapid response TO HAVE: redundancy, robustness, diversity B. Seismic Risk Mitigation PERFORMED by: innovationsfor Priority Public Buildings SUSTAINED by: maintenance TO HAVE: networks, experience, knowledge, diversity, social capital C. Enforcement of PERFORMED by: creativity, collaboration, feed-backs Building Codes SUSTAINED by: increasing learning, individual capacity
  11. 11. in this Special SessionIstanbul Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency PreparednessProject (ISMEP)K. Gökhan Elgin – Istanbul Project Coordination Unit, IstanbulGovernorshipThe ISMEP Activities on Raising Public Awareness, Education andVolunteeringMikdat Kadıoğlu – Istanbul Technical UniversityA Training Program for Disaster Mitigation through Urban PlanningHandan Türkoğlu – Istanbul Technical University During the conference you may visit ISMEP Exhibition for further information
  12. 12. THANK YOU 12

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