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Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS) – a strategic Swedish initiative for disaster risk reduction
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Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS) – a strategic Swedish initiative for disaster risk reduction

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Sven HALLDIN1,2, Fredrik BYNANDER1,3 ...

Sven HALLDIN1,2, Fredrik BYNANDER1,3

1Centre for Natural Disaster Science, Sweden, Kingdom of; 2Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden; 3Swedish National Defence College

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Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS) – a strategic Swedish initiative for disaster risk reduction Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS) – a strategic Swedish initiative for disaster risk reduction Presentation Transcript

  • CNDSCentrum för naturkata- strofslära Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS) A strategic Swedish initiative for disaster risk reduction Sven Halldin Fredrik Bynander Centre for IDRC Davos 2012 Natural Disaster Science
  • CNDSCentrum för naturkata- Long story short strofslära Strategic Application 16 March 2009 Swedish Government Decision 15 September 2009 Swedish Parliament Decision 18 November 2009 Main ideas: • Five strong disciplinary units producing high-class research in their own fields Centre for • promises the Government a strong collaboration to solve Natural problems of security and preparedness Disaster • Started with new, open-minded research students in the form of Science a research school
  • CNDSCentrum för naturkata- The five units of CNDS strofslära Karlstad University • Centre for Climate and Safety National Defence College • CRISMART Center for Crisis Management Research and Training Uppsala University, Earth Sciences • Geology and Geophysics • Water, Air, and Landscape Sciences Uppsala University, Engineering Sciences • Information Technology • Engineering Sciences Centre for Uppsala University, Social Sciences Natural • Political Science Disaster • Peace and Conflict Research Science
  • CNDSCentrum för Structure of CNDS naturkata- strofslära Social sciences Earth science – Engineering sciences – Robust – Social structures Natural hazards energy och information WP1: Communication of threats and risks for natural hazards. WP2: Effective collaboration with regard to natural disastrers. WP3: Information gathering and control to mitigate or prevent natural disasters. WP4: Protection of critical infrastructure. A5: Recruitment and training of young researchers. Centre for A6: CNDS secretariat, communication, and exploitation. Natural Disaster Science
  • CNDSCentrum för Framing the research programme naturkata- strofslära • SWOT analysis • Finding good examples • Common methodology • Interdisciplinarity – but how? • Defining common projects Elbe 2002 • A Science Plan to be continuously updated Centre for Natural • Starting a natural disaster mitigation research Disaster Science school
  • CNDSCentrum för SWOT Analysis – CNDS naturkata- Strenghts Weaknesses strofslära • Units with long tradition of relevant studies • Most groups focus more on disciplinary • Units with broad spectrum of competence challenges than natural disasters • Units with technical expertise of relevance • Relatively little active collaboration between • CNDS has broad contact areas in Sweden groups before CNDS. and internationally • Long establishment time • Natural disaster science is very attractive • Limited collaboration experience when recruiting students and researchers • Limited focus on problem-oriented research • Scientific-cultural barriers Opportunities Threats • Natural disaster science likely to provide • An inter-disciplinary profile can risk splitting considerable new funding research focus from recognised excellence • CNDS is a platform that attracts other areas disciplinary researchers to shed new • CNDS may no fulfil expectations perspectives on ”old” research • EU provides funding for coordination of • New students and researchers national infrastructures (ESFRI) • New collaborative networks • Research may not become accepted within • EU provides funding for coordination of individual disciplinesh Centre for national infrastructures (ESFRI) • The low disciplinary identity may hamper • Possibilities to develop new methods and to PhDs employability? NaturalSven Halldin investigate new objects • Will CNDS be sufficiently competitive on the DisasterChair of Hydrology tough international arena? Science
  • Finding good examples What’s going on in the world – what centres for natural disasters are there? Compiled list from googling the www - and collegues... Around 17 pages, ca 90 active centres for natural disaster research/planning/mitigation/respons where found ...
  • CNDS: finding good examples of interdisciplinary research centres But what with interdisciplinarity... To the list was added a science field index describing: SOC Social Science GE0 Earth Science TEK Engineering Science Result: Less than five of almost 100 hits were classified as truly interdisciplinary containing all three science domains So which are the main obstacles?
  • CNDSCentrum för Inter-disciplinarity, a huge challenge naturkata- strofslära ICSU (2008) A Science Plan for Integrated Research on Disaster Risk: … identified the most significant research gaps to be interdisciplinary cohesion, i.e. the intersections of the natural, socio-economic, health and engineering sciences … The Royal Swedish Academy of Science, The Environmental Committe (2009) Inter-disciplinarity – necessary to meet the challenges of today’s environment (in Swedish): Today there are expectations and demands on how the society should manage great challenges like climate change, global Centre for development and stressed ecosystems. These challenges cannot be Natural solved through disciplinary research since they take place at the Disaster interface between man and nature. Science
  • CNDSCentrum för Interdisciplinarity but how? naturkata- strofslära American investigation 2003–2004 Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Centre for Natural Institute of Medicine Disaster Science
  • CNDSCentrum för Obstacles naturkata- strofslära Despite the apparent benefits of interdisciplinary research, researchers interested in pursuing it often face daunting obstacles and disincentives. • Some of them take the form of personal communication or “culture” barriers; • others are related to the tradition in academic institutions of organizing research and teaching activities by discipline-based departments • a tradition that is commonly mirrored in •funding organizations, •professional societies, Centre for Natural •and journals.Sven Halldin DisasterChair of Hydrology Science Santa Tecla 2001
  • CNDSCentrum för Methodology for natural disaster science naturkata- strofslära Research in natural disaster science requires inter- and multi-disciplinary methodology, e.g. for: • Vulnerability assessment • Extreme-value analysis and estimation of risk versus relative cost • Implementation of uncertainty analysis into management and political decision making. • Development of support system being used and which are efficient at the man-machine interface Centre for Natural • Systems for protection of critical infrastructure Disaster Science
  • CNDS Tentative results from work on the CNDSCentrum för naturkata- Science Plan: Areas of collaboration strofslära Combine intra-disciplinary skill with inter-disciplinary collaboration and relevance for policy work into three research and collaboration areas: 1. Design and efficient use of systems for early warning 2. Design of systems for decision support and crisis communication 3. Integration of data, information, and expert knowledge in processes of evaluation Centre for and change Natural Disaster Science Arvika 2000
  • CNDSCentrum för naturkata- strofslära The Research School • Governed by a special syllabus • PhD students are admitted to disciplinary subjects and follow their study plans • Two courses presently designed, other will follow • Common seminar series • Support for collaboration around concrete cases and study object, preferably co-publication where this is possible Centre for Natural Disaster Science
  • CNDS Bridging the Gap Between Research andCentrum för naturkata- Practice in Natural Disaster Management strofslära - Second postgraduate course in the research school - Part-time February–September 2012 The course aims at fostering interactive collaboration and exchange knowledge – bridging the gap between science and practice It ends the first study year in the form of an intensive 3-day assembly where all students present their individual PhD research plans and have them scrutinised during 45 minutes to find out if they: 1. Contain sufficient disciplinary depth Centre for 2. Open up for fruitful inter- Natural disciplinary collaboration Disaster Science Småröd, Christmas 2006
  • CNDSCentrum för Recruitment results: 26 enthusiastic PhD students naturkata- and 6 post-docs from a total of 700 applications strofslära Kick-off meeting on 1 September 2011 Centre for Natural Disaster Science