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Benz KOTZEN"COST Action ES1104 - Arid lands restoration and combat of desertification: setting up a drylands and desert restoration hub"
 

Benz KOTZEN"COST Action ES1104 - Arid lands restoration and combat of desertification: setting up a drylands and desert restoration hub"

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  • THE core of the hub is a network of people, of expertise and knowledge, a database of knowledge and expertise on the web
  • So how did this project start – it started as me as a landscape architect working as a sub consultant for Abu Dhabi Environment Agency looking to habitat restoration in an area as an exemplar for camel farming
  • Aim / objectives: The purpose is to control soil loss and protect environment. Hence the pits are constructed on steep slope. To control watershed erosion, government have to invest. Soil and water conservation bureau is in charge of planning and implementation. Farmers provide labors to construct pits. Tools are shovel and hoes. Pits are constructed on steep slope, so mechanical machine can not be used
  • The site is in Morocco, Marrakech province (Commune Ruraled'OULED DLIM) Species: ATRIPLEX NUMMULARIA Planted by Direction Provinciale de l'Agriculture de Marrakech 200 mm/year Around 7 months after plantation: October 2000 Maximum development: January 2007 The site is undergoing integrated assessment in the frame of the PRACTICE project. From Claudio Zucca – Dep. of Territorial Engineering and Desertification Research Group, Univ. of Sassari, Italy
  • And if someone says to you that the native trees don’t give enough shade that is not true either – desert trees are normally broad rather than tall and they give better shad in the hottest summer months than tall trees

Benz KOTZEN"COST Action ES1104 - Arid lands restoration and combat of desertification: setting up a drylands and desert restoration hub" Benz KOTZEN"COST Action ES1104 - Arid lands restoration and combat of desertification: setting up a drylands and desert restoration hub" Presentation Transcript

  • COST Action ES1104Arid Lands Restoration and Combat of Desertification: Setting Up a Drylands and Desert Restoration Hub Benz Kotzen Chair COST Action ES1104 University of Greenwich, London UK UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference Economic assessment of desertification, sustainable land management and 
resilience of arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas 9-12 April 2013 - Bonn, Germany COST is supported By the EU Framework Programme
  • PR0CEEDINGS•Benz Kotzen – “COST ES1104, Desert Restoration Hub”• Cristina Branquinho (CB, Adriana Silva, Pedro Pinho, Alice Nunes, GiulliaGaiola,Lúcio do Rosário, OtíliaCorreia) – “Dry lands: microclimate matters for the naturalregeneration of forests after agriculture abandonment”•ChristophKuells and WG members – “The eco-hydrological perspective of desertrestoration”•Alice Nunes - Restoration trials and management in a highly degraded site insouthern Europe – the benefits of a functional approach for dryland restoration•PandiZdruli -Impacts of agricultural practices on manmade soils and ecologicalrestoration efforts in a protected NATURA 2000 area in the Apulia Region, Italy
  • COST is an intergovernmental framework for European Cooperation inScience and Technology, allowing the coordination of nationally-fundedresearch on a European level. COST has a very specific mission and goal.• It contributes to reducing the fragmentation in European researchinvestments and opening the European Research Area to cooperationworldwide.• As a precursor of advanced multidisciplinary research, COST plays a veryimportant role in building a European Research Area (ERA).• It anticipates and compliments the activities of the EU FrameworkProgrammes, (FP’s)) constituting a “bridge” towards the scientificcommunities of emerging countries. IT IS NOT ONLY ABOUT THE EU• It also increases the mobility of researchers across Europe.
  • http://desertrestorationhub.com
  • Participating MembersMember states (19 a present)+Reciprocal Countries (SA, Australia,Argentina…)+Near Neighbor Countries (Jordan, Armenia, Morocco, PalestinianAuthority…+Others
  • http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/essem/Actions/ES1104
  • http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/essem/Actions/ES1104
  • THE HUB IS ABOUT:The practical measures regarding and holistic approach to :•The restoration of degraded drylands; and•Combat of desertification.The core of the hub constitutes:• A network of people, of expertise and knowledge;• A database of knowledge and expertise on the web• Education and outreach•Facilitating new research
  • SOME FEATURES OF ACTION ES11041. A ‘ONE STOP SHOP’ ON RESTORATION AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES NOW ANDI FOR THE FUTURE;2. DELIVERING INNOVATION FOR THE FUTURE – COLLABORATING IN NEW PROJECTS;3. INCREASING STAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION AT ALL LEVELS ;4. EDUCATION - EARLY STAGE RESEARCHERS:• STSMs ( SHORT TERM SCIENTIFIC MISSIONS) 5 DAYS TO 3 MONTHS• TRAINING SCHOOLS
  • http://desertrestorationhub.com
  • THE CONCEPT OF AN ARID LANDS AND DESERT RESTORATION HUB?
  • Prosopis cineraria – Ghaf – roots 30m +
  • • MAIN OBJECTIVES FROM MOU1. Identifying Problem Typologies and Indicators:• Identify and breakdown desertification and restoration types/situations/scenarios caused by nature (including water and wind) as well as trends relative to decision making/policy, cultural scenarios and ad- hoc events. This broader-scale macro breakdown will inform the micro-scale restoration and combat of desertification measures.2. Learning from the Past - Designing the Future:• Cultivate and advance past, current and emerging restoration and management techniques breaking down component parts and issues regarding soils, hydrology, biology, botany, biota, microclimate, culture etc. to determine new and novel approaches to restoration.• Design new approaches and formulate new methods and techniques. 19
  • • MAIN OBJECTIVES FROM MOU3. Knowledge and Exchange:• Review and exchange technical know-how on an international/interdisciplinary basis including indigenous and traditional knowledge as well as advances in vegetation establishment with mycorrhizae, soil make-up, water harvesting and retention, plant types and production, ecological opportunities, economic opportunities (food), land/cultural identities, microclimate manipulation through micro-engineering and symbiotic planting.4. Repository and Knowledge Hub and On-Line Knowledge Bank:• Gather and maintain a repository of open source material focused on restoration and the various sub-fields. This database will be an invaluable resource for scientists and students across Europe and a world source of knowledge for all which will be especially useful for NGO’s and particularly local initiatives.• This includes an open (with registration) on-line electronic forum or knowledge bank that will allow anyone to ask questions, discuss issues, participate in discussions on the topic(s). If funding is available the website could be translated into a number of major European languages. 20
  • • MAIN OBJECTIVES FROM MOU5. Tools, Guidelines and Indicators:• Provide practical electronic and hard print guidance and tools for the assessment and design of planting measures – including issues relating to soils, hydrology, biodiversity, people etc., for practitioners, planners and policy makers.6. Training and Outreach:• Provide and facilitate training for early-stage researchers and practitioners, especially in the field and create and strengthen links between them and established experts. Create awareness and promote communication concerning restoration and combat of desertification amongst the general public in key regions and locale’s and with stakeholders and policy makers. 21
  • • INNOVATIONS1. An arid lands and desert restoration hub – a new and linked repository of information, data, experience and knowledge that does not exist at present- “A ONE STOP SHOP”2. A holistic approach to the complex issues of vegetation establishment and sustainable management – HYDROLOGY, SOILS, AGRONOMY, LANDSCAPE, ECOLOGY….3. Looking towards the past – traditional techniques but also looking towards the future – a synergy of minds –coming up with new ideas and techniques and helping to foster new research4. Inclusivity – Bringing together stakeholders on all levels: International (UNCCD), national, regional, and local expertise – UNCCCD representative attended the last meeting and this will continue, expand and grow as the Action continues5. The end of the Action is NOT THE END – At the end the Desert Restoration Hub will continue under other funding – possible even the UNCCD 22
  • Working groups1. WG1 – Understanding Land Degradation and Causality: The Bigger Picture and Focus on Europe - An Analytical and Remedial Think-Tank:2. WG2 – Traditional and Innovative Systems: Focus on Soils and Hydrology - A Creating and Designing Think-Tank:3. WG3 – Traditional and Innovative Systems: Focus on plants, ecology, plant physiology, mycorrhizzal fungi etc. – A Creating and Designing Think-Tank:4. WG4 – Focus on Land Management - Creating and Designing Think-tank: Traditional and innovative technological and land management practices to ensure vegetation establishment is perennial and sustainable. Also looking at food security issues.5. WG5 - Knowledge Transfer, Outreach and Training: Setting up case studies, databases, harmonization, outreach and The Hub 23
  • Desert Restorationbased on the Analysis and Feedback of Surface & Ground Water Flow Systems (Namibia, South Africa) Prof ChristophKuells Freiburg University
  • From: Dr. OtíliaCorreiaInstitution: University of Lisbon, Faculty ofSciences, Centre for Environment Biology
  • Biological sand crusts up to 4 mm Mobile dune crest thick stabilize the protected Israelisand dune belt, inhibit sand drift, and encourage perennial plant establishment. Stable crust Disturbed crust Disturbed sand crust
  • Desertification in Romania
  • GudrunSchwilch SeniorResearchScientistWOCAT
  • Information from the DESIRE PROJECT Prof. CoenRitsema, Wageningen Univ. NetherlandsIn central Crete large-scale clearing of grazing Overgrazing, as seen in Botswana, can alsoland for citrus orchards is resulting in soil erosion leave the soil exposed and easily eroded, and isand gullying. Non-sustainable agricultural therefore an indicator of land degradation.practices are indicative of land degradation and Compare the vegetation on the grazed anddesertification (picture N.Geeson) ungrazed sides of the fence (picture M.Reed) 29
  • Shrub revegetation in degraded soils after abandonment Aranjuez, Spain. Runoff: 35% Runoff: 0.04% Soilloss: 74 kg ha-1 Soil loss: <0.5 kg ha-1From Dr. Marqués MJ, Bienes R, Jiménez L, Pérez-Rodríguez R. 2007. Effect of vegetal cover onrunoff and soil erosion under light intensity events. Rainfall simulation over USLE plots.Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • the PRACTICE project. From Dr. Claudio Zucca – Dep. of Territorial Engineeringand Desertification Research Group, Univ. of Sassari, Italy Morocco – Marrakesh Province – After 7 months restoration using Atriplexnumularia Before
  • Tunisia – Grass seedcollection and for erosioncontrolAnd protected band ofvegetationFromDr.MarjoleinVisser, UniversitéLibre de Bruxelles
  • Halophyte (atriplex) and cactus plantations in dryland areas of Marrakesh, MoroccoFrom PandiZdruli, Land and Water DepartmentCIHEAM Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari
  • SOUTH AFRICA Para-ecologists Undertaking restoration trials Land user community (one of which is a para-ecologist) in Namaqualand implementing restoration experiments on the communal land of Soebatsfontein. Griqua Community in the Knersvlakte / Namaqualand implementing restoration trials at mechanically disturbed quartz fields (due to infrastructure damage.)From: Dr. Ute Schmiedel, University of Hamburg
  • Biological sand crusts up to 4 mm Mobile dune crest thick stabilize the protected Israelisand dune belt, inhibit sand drift, and encourage perennial plant establishment. Stable crust Disturbed crust Disturbed sand crust
  • SETTING UP THE HUB FOR SCHOOL PARTICIPATION ACROSS THE GLOBESCIENTIFIC AND ART BASED PROJECTS AT ALL LEVELS
  • 39