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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilience and land use planning on the provincial territory of Potenza Alessandro Attolico Executive director of the Territorial Planning and Civil Protection Office Advocate and Local Focal Point for the UNISDR “Making Cities Resilient” Campaign Province of Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
  • 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Area of interest
  • 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Area of interest • Province of Potenza REGION: Basilicata (580.000 inh) It counts 2 Provinces: Potenza and Matera PROVINCE OF POTENZA: - AREA: 6.500 sqkm - POPULATION: 378.000 inh - POP. DENSITY: 60 inh/sqkm - MUNICIPALITIES: 100 - CAPITAL CITY: Potenza (67.000 inh)
  • 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Area of interest • Population distribution and variation 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000 50,000 55,000 60,000 65,000 70,000 Potenza Melfi Lavello RioneroinVulture Lauria Venosa Avigliano Tito Senise Pignola Sant'Arcangelo Picerno GenzanodiLucania Lagonegro MuroLucano Marsicovetere Bella Maratea PalazzoSanGervasio Latronico Rapolla MarsicoNuovo FrancavillainSinni Pietragalla Moliterno Brienza Atella OppidoLucano Ruoti Rotonda Paterno Tolve SanFele Tramutola Viggianello Viggiano Filiano VietridiPotenza Barile Rivello Baragiano CorletoPerticara Acerenza SatrianodiLucania Trecchina Forenza CastelluccioInferiore VaglioBasilicata Pescopagano Chiaromonte Calvello Laurenzana Balvano Anzi Ripacandida Maschito Montemilone GrumentoNova SanSeverinoLucano Roccanova Abriola Spinoso Nemoli Castelsaraceno SanChiricoNuovo AlbanodiLucania Episcopia Sant'AngeloLeFratte Banzi Cancellara Sarconi TerranovadiPollino Montemurro SanChiricoRaparo SavoiadiLucania CastronuovodiSant'Andrea Pietrapertosa RuvodelMonte Castelgrande Rapone Noepoli BrindisiMontagna Gallicchio CastelluccioSuperiore Castelmezzano Campomaggiore SassodiCastalda SanMartinod'Agri SanCostantinoAlbanese Ginestra Cersosimo Trivigno Carbone Armento Teana Fardella GuardiaPerticara Missanello Calvera SanPaoloAlbanese Population(2013) Municipalities MEAN: 3.800 2001-2013 Variation
  • 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main risks (part 1) The Province of Potenza territory is affected by many natural risks: - Earthquakes - Landslides - Floods (hydraulic network system and dams) - Drought/Desertification - Wild Fires - Cold/Heat Waves - … Climate Change
  • 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Seismic Risk Seismic Hazard classification The Italian seismic classification foresees 4 zones: Zone 1: It’s the most dangerous area, where major earthquakes may occur. Zone 2: Municipalities in this area may be affected by quite strong earthquakes. Zone 3: Municipalities in this area may be subject to modest shocks. Zone 4: It is the least dangerous. Municipalities of this area have a low probability of seismic damages Province of Potenza: 45 Municipalities in Zone 1 (red) 55 Municipalities in Zone 2 (yellow)
  • 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Earthquake Simulated Scenarios (2014) 1857 BASILICATA EARTHQUAKE M = 6.8 Mw = 7.0 1980 IRPINIA EARTHQUAKE M = 6.6 Mw = 6.9 Risk Assessment Analyses have been performed: Hazard x Vulnerability x Exposure of Pop  R  Disaster “Scenarios” Province of Potenza Civil Protection Plan (2004)
  • 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Landslides Province of Potenza Territorial Coordination Plan TCP (2013)
  • 9. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Municipalities: Landslides Cancellara Corleto Perticara
  • 10. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Some events recently occurred Landslides
  • 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2005 “Bosco Piccolo” Suburb (a district in Potenza City) Landslides
  • 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Regional and Provincial hydraulic network Hydraulic risk: Floods
  • 13. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Some events recently occurred Hydraulic risk: Floods
  • 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Images from most representative dams and basins: Dams Pertusillo: 155 Mcm Monte Cotugno: 530 McmMarsico Nuovo: 7 Mcm
  • 15. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Desertification The Val d’Agri badlands
  • 16. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Desertification Sant’Arcangelo municipality
  • 17. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Forest fires and Cold waves Low High
  • 18. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main Risks (part 2) Other risks due to land-use and management policies (human induced): - Technical Risk – Industrial settlements - Urban sprawl - Soil sealing - Soil consumption - Soil degradation
  • 19. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Oil and natural gas exploitation and production Technical risks
  • 20. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban sprawl Potenza City Viggianello Municipality
  • 21. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban sprawl and Soil consumption Melfi Municipality
  • 22. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban sprawl and Soil consumption Melfi Municipality
  • 23. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban sprawl and Soil consumption Melfi Municipality
  • 24. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban sprawl and Soil consumption Melfi Municipality
  • 25. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Soil consumption and degradation Examples: RES installations
  • 26. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Soil consumption and degradation PV plants installations in Satriano di Lucania Municipality
  • 27. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org What we have done
  • 28. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Management and Reduction DISASTER EVENT CRISIS MANAGEMENT BUREAU PREFECTURE CIVIL PROTECTION OPERATIVE ROOM PROVINCE PREFECT AND PRESIDENT OF THE PROVINCE PROVINCIAL CIVIL PROTECTION RESPONSIBLE OTHER OPERATIVE STRUCUTRES LOCAL CENTRES FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT “CRISIS” UNIT “TECHNIC-SCIENTIFIC” SUPPORT UNIT DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACTIVATION OF COORDINATED BY DIRECTED BY ACTIVATES ACTIVATES EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ON DISASTER EVOLUTION “SCENARIOS UPDATING” COORDINATION STRATEGY DRM Organization structure and procedures at Provincial level Province of Potenza Civil Protection Plan (2004 and updates)
  • 29. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Management and Reduction DRR activities of Provincial competence (10 Essentials): - Risk Assessment and monitoring - Active DRR (prevention): - In the last decade, several Meuros were invested in: - Provincial road network: about 2.700 km - High schools building estate: about 80 buildings (the “Safe-Ecologial Schools” program) - Manteinance and requalification inteventions on the hydraulic river network and on the regional forest heritage (in cooperation with the Basilicata Region) - “Non-structural” DRR (prevention): - Preparedness, trainings, information campaigns, drills, participation in interregional cooperation projects (mostly EU co-funded), etc.
  • 30. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org What we are doing strategic
  • 31. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Integration of DRR and Resilience in land-use tools Provincial Territorial Coordination Plan TCP (2013) National and Regional Land Use / Government Framework Sub-Provincial Wide Area Structural Plans Inter- Municipal Structural Plans Municipal Structural Plans Urban Land- use planning Tools Other tools and interventions Municipal building codes Local sectorial development plans Localization interventions
  • 32. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Provincial Territorial Coordination Plan (TCP) Philosophy Resilience needs important innovation from the key actors and stakeholders of local land-use policies: policy makers, municipalities, communities and citizens Motivational lever By implementing Resilience (i.e adopting a “new way of living” in urban/territorial context), local communities may benefit of specific advantages and opportunities (from economic, social, cultural, environmental, etc points of view) Expectations The local context can play a fundamental role in this change of direction
  • 33. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Provincial Territorial Coordination Plan (TCP) Contents: Application of new living models based on a better land use and government that combine sustainable development and territorial safety (towards risks and climate change injuries) A reduction process of the system’s vulnerability and of the exposure of the population and goods to the territorial risks and climate change by the combination of different structural and non-structural actions to be applied at local/urban/community/citizen levels: 1. resilient and sustainable urban planning 2. renovation and performance enhancement of the built environment 3. better use and protection of natural resources including land
  • 34. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Provincial Territorial Coordination Plan (TCP) Actions: Strategic and structural local development action-plans based on extensive wide-area analysis and programs of governance interventions on different interacting sectors, including: - Environment (Natural, Environmental and Landscape systems) - Settlements and urban structure (urban, periurban and open land areas) - Relational system - Viability, mobility and other Infrastructures - Energy - Productive sectors - Social, cultural, etc. systems - Territorial data collection and organization (GIS)
  • 35. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology 1. The “Institutional” channel (institutional commitment) The TCP provides guidelines, directives and recommendations to be followed by the Municipalities in land-use planning activities. During the land-use planning processes, Municipalities are required: - to demonstrate the compliance with the safety requirements of higher-level plans and tools; - to accompany land transformation interventions by multi-risk and opportunity assessments demonstrating the improvement of the overall situation and convenience of the planning choices with respect to risk prevention and mitigation; - to accompany the overall land-use planning proposal by analysis and assessments showing how “Resilient” is the intervention and the actions to be performed for assuring this requirement.
  • 36. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology 2. The “Supportive” or “Cooperative” channel (strategic “subsidiary” approach) The interaction is addressed to policy makers, municipalities, communities and citizens, and is based on: - Structured institutional partnership and wide participation in decision-making processes - Exchanging experiences and knowledge - Facilitating implementation of best-practices - Providing support and cooperation in the experimentation of new land-use and development policies with a subsidiary approach - Up/down-scaling the local territorial issues by working at a wide-area supra-municipal level - Exploring and setting up measures encouraging new forms of investments (private) for DRR in urban areas - Promoting, facilitating, encouraging and experimenting PPP and PPPP at local level
  • 37. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology The Network “Province of Potenza– Municipalities” for Resilience Website: http://www.provincia.potenza.it Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/provpzresilient Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/provpzresilient email: provinciapzresiliente@gmail.com
  • 38. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction How did our work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – Risk Assessment and Monitoring – Disaster Risk Reduction & Disaster Risk Management • Active prevention • Non-structural prevention • Operational disaster management models, including the post-disaster phase – Integration of territorial safety (DRR and Climate change adaptation) into sustainable development policies at provincial scale – Support and cooperation with the Municipalities in implementing resilience policy at local level – Ensuring communities’ involvement – Monitoring of the overall implementation action for finding gaps, needs and solutions for strengthening the Resilience process
  • 39. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (related to the topic of the presented work) (1): – Research: Main selected gaps regarding the Risk Assessment Analyses to be integrated in land-use policies: • Building comprehensive and multi-level scenarios (also by using probabilistic approaches) • using open-source, open-data and crowdsourced systems • ensuring data organization, availability and accessibility to wider public – Education & Training: • more skills needed to the local key-actors involved in land-use planning and government policies • more education to the communities; • more emphasis on the socio-cultural aspect: raising communites’ awareness
  • 40. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (related to the topic of the presented work) (2): – Implementation & Practice: • improving participation of communities in decision-making processes – Policy: • need for a major “ground” empowerment (communities, municipalities and Local Authorities), providing also for pro-active communities’ involvement in decision- making processes • need for an improved dialogue among and between the local/regional/national institutional and non-institutional apparatus • networking (by using both cooperative and subsidiary approaches) • involvement of the private sector (Public-Private and Public-Private-Population Partnerships) in resilient and for Resilience investments • enhancing communities risk awareness and related political will: this is fundamental for shifting the attention from the response phase to the DRR and Resilience implementation
  • 41. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! alessandro.attolico@provinciapotenza.it Resilience and land use planning on the provincial territory of Potenza … My Province is Getting Ready