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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • 24th August 1999 in Cologne <br /> Two trains crashed <br /> Reason was a defect of the braking system <br /> Moren then 60 injured people, 7 were badly injured <br /> No traffic was possible in this station for about 12 hours <br />
  • Sec Ma nicht nur technische Maßnahmen. <br /> <br /> Avoiding damage <br /> <br /> Reducing damage
  • Aim is….
  • Exposure included in threat, gegeben für Terror
  • CM mit 4th phase nicht beendet <br /> <br /> Fokus auf Methode legen.

Transcript

  • 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org An integrated risk and crisis management approach for terrorist attacks on public transport networks C. Bentler, C. Baumgarten, F. Brauner, T. Kornmayer, A. Lotter, O.A. Mudimu, A. Lechleuthner Cologne University of Applied Sciences (CUAS), Institute of Rescue Engineering and Civil Protection, Cologne
  • 2. Need for an integrated risk and crisis management 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Benefit by sharing information • Dealing with the complexity • Better usability for end user • Use interfaces between risk and crisis management Aim: Best possible reaction in case of a disaster Train crash in subway station, Cologne, 1999 Source: Rhein-Zeitung online (1999)
  • 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Content I. Problem II. Risk management III. Public transportation systems and their crisis management facets IV. Methodology for connecting V. CUAS objectives
  • 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Your definition of RM / CM • Identify risks • Risk assessment • Dealing with risk  Treatment of any risk  Protecting the company time • Retain to the normal process as fast as possible • Maintain the greatest possible function  Reduce damage Risk Management (RM) Crisis Management (CM) Crisis/ Danger Preventive security measures Reactive security measures
  • 5. Risk 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Risk management in RiKoV Threat (ability x motivation) Vulnerability Consequences • Assessment tool for public transportation providers • Methodology to analyse providers system • Based on terroristic threats • User friendly
  • 6. Vulnerability in RiKoV / CUAS methodology Exposure Fragility Coping capacity Based on a generic process model 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Vulnerability Preventive security measures Hazard category Terrorists’ movement Planning Preparation Post-processing Execution
  • 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dealing with any risks • Depending on providers policy and structural requirements • Each area requires different measures or tools • Areas can be adjustable Crisis management is necessary Crisis management According to International Organization for Standardization 2008
  • 8. Public transportation systems and their CM facets Situation Room 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Reactive security measures Business management ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CM PR / Media Emergency plans Partnerships Local officers Authorities Recovery Some examples
  • 9. Integrated risk and crisis management process Monitoring and review Crisis management Risk treatment assessment 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Risk ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Preparation Treat the crisis Evaluation Crisis/ Danger Risk management Establishing the context Time Emergency Communication and consultation
  • 10. Information 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Scenario based crisis plan Documen-tation ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Interfaces Possible Interfaces Preventive security measures Communi-cation Coping capacities Partnership
  • 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology for connecting: Exercises for validation 1st phase 2nd phase 3rd phase 4th phase Simulation Table top exercise Preventive security measures Exercise training Software simulation for determination of theoretical values First validation and evaluation on an haptic model Validation and evaluation in a real train station Assessment of interfaces and interdependencies between RM and CM Risk management Crisis management
  • 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CUAS objectives Evaluation of all four exercises: • Identify interfaces between risk and crisis management • Assess interdependencies • Developing a process model for crisis management • Generate a assessment tool for CM • Integrate the RM and the CM tools Crisis management Preparation Treatment Evaluation
  • 13. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels – Reduce the underlying risk factors • From your perspective what are the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in – Research: Better association between researcher and end user, link different scientific disciplines – Education & Training: Awareness of risk management , holist training programme – Implementation & Practice: Flexible and adaptable system, support for existing management tools. – Policy: Close cooperation between all parties concerned
  • 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Summary • An integrated RM / CM system enables transportation providers to protect their system more effectively with less effort. • CUAS approach to combine: – Process model for CM – Identify interfaces – Assess interdependencies • Simulation, table top and crisis management exercises to collect data
  • 15. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org C. Bentler, C. Baumgarten, F. Brauner, T. Kornmayer, A. Lotter, O.A. Mudimu, A. Lechleuthner Cologne University of Applied Sciences (CUAS), Institute of Rescue Engineering and Civil Protection, Cologne
  • 16. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org References • Rhein-Zeitung online (1999) Crash im U-Bahn-Tunnel. 24th August 1999; Cologne; Online available at http://archiv.rhein-zeitung.de/on/99/08/24/topnews/ubahn1_.html; last access on14th August 2014 • ASME-Innovative Technologies Institute (2006). The RAMCAP Framework: Risk Analysis and Management for Critical Asset Protection. Version 2.0. Washington DC. • Bajon, Arno; Lülsdorf, Dominic; Schröter, Reinhold (2012). Wenn es "brennt" - Krisen im ÖPNV: Die Arbeit von Krisenstäben im ÖPNV. DER NAHVERKEHR(11), 7–12. • COUNTERACT Consortium (2009). Crisis Communication Strategy and Guidlines Final Report, in COUNTERACT Consortium (Hg.): COUNTERACT: Cluster Of User Networks in Transport and Energy Relating to Anti-terrorist ACTivities, Deliverable 5. • Cox, Louis A. Jr. (2008). Some Limitations of “Risk = Threat × Vulnerability × Consequence” for Risk Analysis of Terrorist Attacks. RISK ANALYSIS 28(6), 1749–1761. • Cologne University of Applied Sciences (CUAS) - IRG (2014). Prozessmodellierung der Operationspläne, Projektbericht L2.1. RiKoV Project. Cologne. • German Federal Ministry of the Interior (2008). Protecting Critical Infrastructures – Risk and Crisis Management: A guide for companies and government authorities. Berlin. URL: http://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/EN/Broschueren/Leitfaden_Schutz_kritischer_Infrastru kturen_en.pdf?__blob=publicationFile [Stand 2014-06-13]. • International Organization for Standardization (2008). Risk management— Principles and guidelines on implementation. (Bd. ICS 03.100.01Bd). • Malyska, Arndt (2010). Das integrierte Sicherheitskonzept der Hamburger Hochbahn AG. Hamburg. • Thießen, Ansgar (2011). Organisationskommunikation in Krisen: Reputationsmanagement durch situative, integrierte und strategische Krisenkommunikation. Organisationskommunikation in Krisen. • Wilson, Jeremy M.; Jackson, Brian A.; Eisman, Mel; Steinberg, Paul; Riley, K. Jack (2007). Securing America's Passenger-Rail Systems. RAND Cooperation Homeland Security, Pittsburgh.