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Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities
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Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities

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Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities

Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities

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    Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities Presentation Transcript

    • Hitoshi TAGUCHI , Yuichiro USUDA, Toshinari NAGASAKA National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention Tsukuba, Japan Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication — Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities The 3 rd IDRC Davos 2010
    • 0. Outline
      • Introduction
        • The position in this session
        • The importance of information platform and map
        • Background and purpose
      • What is “Interoperability”?
      • System Developments
        • The participatory interoperable web mapping system
        • The interoperable map data delivery system
      • Case study
        • A flooding disaster workshop
      • Discussions
      • Conclusions and Future works
    • Overall Scheme of Interdisciplinary approach to “ disaster risk communication ” for improving “risk governance” in the long-term perspective Before After Multi-layered networking among organizations of residents, communities, NPOs, business that are associated with local common resources Risk- scenarios with risk-profile or risk- mapping based on DRIP Improvement of risk governance in terms of prevention, emergency, relief and recovery responses in the long-term perspective Traditional attitude for waiting governmental help Collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders who are associated with local common resources Traditional Disaster Prevention Systems (Fire brigade, disaster management authorities, neighborhood associations, etc.) Drills of self-management of evacuation center and/or joint local response center Disaster Risk Information Platform (DRIP) (Integration of disaster risk knowledge among experts, residents and communities) Formal drills of fire-fighting , evacuation, etc. Collaborative Risk Reduction Activities Disaster Coping Capacity (revealed and latent context) 1.Introduction
    • The importance of information platform: Integration of disaster risk knowledge / information Tsunami, Earthquake, Flood, Heavy Rain/Snow, Eruption, Landslide, etc. Empirical Knowledge
      • Hazard Maps
      • Damage Simulation
      • Observation Data
      • etc.
      Specialist Knowledge Regionally-specific Environment and Relationship, etc. Personal and Local Knowledge
      • Disaster Experiences
      • Episodes
      • Lessons
      • etc.
      1.Introduction Natural Disaster
    • The Importance of “map”
      • Spatial distribution => Geospatial data => Map
      The Map is disaster risk knowledge / information. ハザードマップの絵 1.Introduction Estimated Flooded area & Landslide area Estimated House collapse degree of hazard
    • Background
      • Geographic Information System (GIS)
        • The GIS can treat as digital map.
      • Interoperable GIS
        • Integrate specialist and empirical disaster risk knowledge / information in a single platform on internet
      • Local communities’ abilities to handle disaster risk knowledge / information would be enhance in risk communication processes.
      • The purpose:
        • Develop interoperable web-based GIS (web mapping system) for natural disaster risk communication
      1.Introduction
    • Interoperable GIS Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet
      • One way
      • Incomparable
      • Unable to integrate
      • Difficult to find data you want
      • Difficult to create new solution services
      International Standard I/F for GIS Data Image data (jpg, png, gif, tiff) Vector data (point, line, polygon) Mesh data
      • International standard interface for GIS data can integrates specialist and local knowledge on a single web mapping systems.
      2. What’s Interoperability? Single platform … WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) … WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) … WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx)
    • Developed systems Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet
      • One way
      • Incomparable
      • Unable to integrate
      • Difficult to find data you want
      • Difficult to create new solution services
      International Standard I/F for Geospatial Data Image data (jpg, png, gif) Vector data (point, line, poly) Mesh data 3. Sys. Developments
      • Developed utilization system and delivery system
      … WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) … WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) … WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx)
    • Developed systems
      • Integrate information / knowledge on the single window.
      Local Communities Internet Government, Institutes, Universities, etc., Interoperable Environment (WMS, WFS, WCS) 2. “e-Community Map” Interoperable Web Mapping System 1. “Interoperable G-Server” Interoperable Map Delivery System WMS: Web Map Service WFS: Web Feature Service WCS: Web Coverage Service 3. Sys. Developments
    • Use Stream of “e-community map”
    • A flooding disaster workshop
      • A local voluntary committee for disaster prevention used “e-Community Map”.
      • Sharing flood risk and hazard (risk assessment)
        • Estimated flood hazard map by local government
        • Empirical knowledge by local people
      4. Case study Workshop In their communities’ hall
    • e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(1)
      • Use estimated flood hazard map by local government
      4. Case study Committee's area Specialist Knowledge Delivered by interoperable G-Server Flood depth
    • e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(2)
      • Experimental spot is plotted by local people.
      4. Case study Each plot contain photo and text Committee's area Deeply flooded areas corresponded with plots. Empirical Knowledge The location of taken photo
    • 5. Discussions
      • The local community was able to understand and share…
        • High risk and hazard of deeper flood area
        • Safe area
      • They were able to engage in practical discussions
        • Who is in deeply flood area? -> Preferential help of frail elderly and disability person
        • Where to escape cars?
      • Integrate knowledge / information
      • Risk communication started
        • Local committees’ newsletter reported the workshop.
        • “ Radio drama” was broadcast by community radio station.
          • Risk communication method (Introduced in Lee’s presentation)
      • Developed two map system supported the start of risk communication.
    • Risk communication using Maps
      • Fieldwork is one of the way to get experimental knowledge.
      Field work to inspect hazardous places in the town by representatives Sharing information and developing discussions through workshops e-Community map Acquisition of information Evaluation and Interpretation Evaluation and Interpretation Acquisition of information
    • 6. Conclusions and Future works
      • Conclusions
        • Interoperable web mapping systems, “e-Community Map” and “Interoperable G-Server,” were developed.
        • A case study demonstrated the usefulness of the systems for start of risk communications.
      • Future works
        • Develop better user interface of e-Community Map for risk communication workshop.
        • Develop web-based risk management support system
          • Developed web-based mapping systems, web-based communication system and risk communication method.
    • Email: [email_address] Twitter & Facebook ID: tagchan Thank you for your attention!!