Hitoshi TAGUCHI , Yuichiro USUDA, Toshinari NAGASAKA National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention...
0. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The position in this session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The importan...
Overall Scheme of Interdisciplinary approach to  “ disaster risk communication ” for improving “risk governance” in the lo...
The importance of information platform:  Integration of disaster risk knowledge / information Tsunami, Earthquake, Flood, ...
The Importance of “map” <ul><li>Spatial distribution =>  Geospatial data  =>  Map </li></ul>The Map is disaster risk knowl...
Background <ul><li>Geographic Information System (GIS)   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The GIS can treat as digital map. </li></ul...
Interoperable GIS Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet <ul><li>One way </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Developed systems Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet <ul><li>One way </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Developed systems <ul><li>Integrate information / knowledge on the single window. </li></ul>Local Communities Internet Gov...
Use Stream of “e-community map”
A flooding disaster workshop <ul><li>A local voluntary committee for disaster prevention used “e-Community Map”. </li></ul...
e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(1) <ul><li>Use estimated flood hazard map by local government </li></ul>4. Case study ...
e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(2) <ul><li>Experimental spot is plotted by local people. </li></ul>4. Case study Each ...
5. Discussions <ul><li>The local community was able to understand and share… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High risk and hazard of...
Risk communication using Maps  <ul><li>Fieldwork is one of the way to get experimental knowledge. </li></ul>Field work to ...
6. Conclusions and Future works <ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperable web mapping systems, “e-Community ...
Email:  [email_address] Twitter & Facebook ID:  tagchan Thank you for your attention!!
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Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities

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Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities

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Transcript of "Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication - Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities"

  1. 1. Hitoshi TAGUCHI , Yuichiro USUDA, Toshinari NAGASAKA National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention Tsukuba, Japan Interoperable Web Mapping Systems for Risk Communication — Enhancing the Disaster Prevention Capabilities of Local Communities The 3 rd IDRC Davos 2010
  2. 2. 0. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The position in this session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The importance of information platform and map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background and purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is “Interoperability”? </li></ul><ul><li>System Developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The participatory interoperable web mapping system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The interoperable map data delivery system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A flooding disaster workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Future works </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overall Scheme of Interdisciplinary approach to “ disaster risk communication ” for improving “risk governance” in the long-term perspective Before After Multi-layered networking among organizations of residents, communities, NPOs, business that are associated with local common resources Risk- scenarios with risk-profile or risk- mapping based on DRIP Improvement of risk governance in terms of prevention, emergency, relief and recovery responses in the long-term perspective Traditional attitude for waiting governmental help Collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders who are associated with local common resources Traditional Disaster Prevention Systems (Fire brigade, disaster management authorities, neighborhood associations, etc.) Drills of self-management of evacuation center and/or joint local response center Disaster Risk Information Platform (DRIP) (Integration of disaster risk knowledge among experts, residents and communities) Formal drills of fire-fighting , evacuation, etc. Collaborative Risk Reduction Activities Disaster Coping Capacity (revealed and latent context) 1.Introduction
  4. 4. The importance of information platform: Integration of disaster risk knowledge / information Tsunami, Earthquake, Flood, Heavy Rain/Snow, Eruption, Landslide, etc. Empirical Knowledge <ul><li>Hazard Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Damage Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Observation Data </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>Specialist Knowledge Regionally-specific Environment and Relationship, etc. Personal and Local Knowledge <ul><li>Disaster Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Episodes </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>1.Introduction Natural Disaster
  5. 5. The Importance of “map” <ul><li>Spatial distribution => Geospatial data => Map </li></ul>The Map is disaster risk knowledge / information. ハザードマップの絵 1.Introduction Estimated Flooded area & Landslide area Estimated House collapse degree of hazard
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>Geographic Information System (GIS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The GIS can treat as digital map. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interoperable GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate specialist and empirical disaster risk knowledge / information in a single platform on internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local communities’ abilities to handle disaster risk knowledge / information would be enhance in risk communication processes. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop interoperable web-based GIS (web mapping system) for natural disaster risk communication </li></ul></ul>1.Introduction
  7. 7. Interoperable GIS Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet <ul><li>One way </li></ul><ul><li>Incomparable </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to integrate </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to find data you want </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to create new solution services </li></ul>International Standard I/F for GIS Data Image data (jpg, png, gif, tiff) Vector data (point, line, polygon) Mesh data <ul><li>International standard interface for GIS data can integrates specialist and local knowledge on a single web mapping systems. </li></ul>2. What’s Interoperability? Single platform … WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) … WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) … WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx)
  8. 8. Developed systems Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet <ul><li>One way </li></ul><ul><li>Incomparable </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to integrate </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to find data you want </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to create new solution services </li></ul>International Standard I/F for Geospatial Data Image data (jpg, png, gif) Vector data (point, line, poly) Mesh data 3. Sys. Developments <ul><li>Developed utilization system and delivery system </li></ul>… WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) … WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) … WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx)
  9. 9. Developed systems <ul><li>Integrate information / knowledge on the single window. </li></ul>Local Communities Internet Government, Institutes, Universities, etc., Interoperable Environment (WMS, WFS, WCS) 2. “e-Community Map” Interoperable Web Mapping System 1. “Interoperable G-Server” Interoperable Map Delivery System WMS: Web Map Service WFS: Web Feature Service WCS: Web Coverage Service 3. Sys. Developments
  10. 10. Use Stream of “e-community map”
  11. 11. A flooding disaster workshop <ul><li>A local voluntary committee for disaster prevention used “e-Community Map”. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing flood risk and hazard (risk assessment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated flood hazard map by local government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empirical knowledge by local people </li></ul></ul>4. Case study Workshop In their communities’ hall
  12. 12. e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(1) <ul><li>Use estimated flood hazard map by local government </li></ul>4. Case study Committee's area Specialist Knowledge Delivered by interoperable G-Server Flood depth
  13. 13. e-Com’ Map in flood hazard workshop(2) <ul><li>Experimental spot is plotted by local people. </li></ul>4. Case study Each plot contain photo and text Committee's area Deeply flooded areas corresponded with plots. Empirical Knowledge The location of taken photo
  14. 14. 5. Discussions <ul><li>The local community was able to understand and share… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High risk and hazard of deeper flood area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They were able to engage in practical discussions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is in deeply flood area? -> Preferential help of frail elderly and disability person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to escape cars? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrate knowledge / information </li></ul><ul><li>Risk communication started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local committees’ newsletter reported the workshop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Radio drama” was broadcast by community radio station. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk communication method (Introduced in Lee’s presentation) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Developed two map system supported the start of risk communication. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Risk communication using Maps <ul><li>Fieldwork is one of the way to get experimental knowledge. </li></ul>Field work to inspect hazardous places in the town by representatives Sharing information and developing discussions through workshops e-Community map Acquisition of information Evaluation and Interpretation Evaluation and Interpretation Acquisition of information
  16. 16. 6. Conclusions and Future works <ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperable web mapping systems, “e-Community Map” and “Interoperable G-Server,” were developed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A case study demonstrated the usefulness of the systems for start of risk communications. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better user interface of e-Community Map for risk communication workshop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop web-based risk management support system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed web-based mapping systems, web-based communication system and risk communication method. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Email: [email_address] Twitter & Facebook ID: tagchan Thank you for your attention!!

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