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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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1-IDRC14-ppp-Veronica De Majo 1-IDRC14-ppp-Veronica De Majo Presentation Transcript

  • Global Governance: A promising scenario for disaster risk reduction 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Veronica De Majo, Örebro University/Dalarna University, Sweden
  • Earthquake, Port-au-Prince Haiti 2010 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Tsunami, Phuket Island Thailand 2004 Picture: Deddeda Stemler Tsunami, Natori Japan 2011 Picture: Noah K. Murray/Picture: Newscom/Kyodo/WENN.com The Star Ledger/Corbis Hurricane Sandy, Long Beach Island USA 2012 Picture: EPA / RED CROSS INTERNATIONAL
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background • No community is “immune” to natural disasters; (many) risks are difficult to avoid or even prevent. • Communities have different hazard profiles, social, cultural and economic characteristics… And risk and emergency management systems. The impact of hazards is different. • Natural disasters have become transnational (globalization; interdependence).
  • Disasters are sudden events which overwhelm local capacity and lead to a serious disruption of its functioning, causing human and material losses, necessitating a request to a national or international level for external assistance. Disaster risk reduction is the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters (reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness) (UNISDR 2009). 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The diversity of actors are engaged in disaster management are central:  National governments, agencies, local communities;  Regional organizations (e.g. EU, ASEAN);  The United Nations through for example, the International Strategy for Risk Reduction (UNISDR); Multilateral and bilateral development institutions: the Disaster Management Facility (DMF), World Bank; Inter-American Development Bank (IADB); NGOs: local, regional, global; Scientific communities; Media; Private sector, business corporations; and Individuals.
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Theoretical approach Global governance is the complex of formal and informal institutions, mechanisms, relationships, and processes between and among states, markets, citizens, and organizations—both intergovernmental and nongovernmental—through which collective interests are articulated, rights and obligations are established, and differences are mediated (Thakur & Van Lagenhove 2006).
  • • Absence of hierarchy and government in the international system. • Globalization, interconnectedness, interdependence. • Changes in the way societies are governed (government vs. governance) which leads to the emergency of a diversity of new actors and decentralization of power. • The “internationalization of problems”/potential solutions. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Global governance encompasses: • Rules”, “control”, and “steering” (Rosenau 1995). • Systems of rule, levels of human activity, the pursuit of goals, and transnational repercussions (Dingwerth and Pattberg 2009). • The sum of diverse governance processes—formal and informal mechanisms to accomplish some grades of order— within an international system (Weiss and Kamran 2009). • A qualitative change as the result of the demand of ‘political globalization’ in order to deal with global problems (Kacowicz 2012).
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Sponsorship of states Sponsorship of non-state actors Figure 1: Steering mechanism/actors, and arenas. Jointly establi-shed Intergovernmental Transgovernmental Transnational Supranational
  • A nascent global governance system in DRR • Significant achievements as the result of coordinated 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org activities and interaction of actors. • HFA, a normative and non-binding document, contains the core principles of integrative risk management. • Networks/partnerships; national, regional and global platforms (UNISDR). • Instruments and institutions; a common language. • Proactive and (integrative) multi-stakeholder approach. HFA2 can improve this system.
  • Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – Gain a better understanding of global networks in DRR. – Gain a better understanding of this complex global system. Enhance the benefits and diminish its constraints. • From your perspective what are the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in – Research: Develop scientific knowledge on disasters (multidisciplinary). – Education & Training: Increase people awareness; improve the use of ICT. – Implementation & Practice: Clarification of responsibilities; empowerment of individuals. – Policy: (Re)frame disaster reduction in order to “govern” risks.