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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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1320 IoT Trend and Disaster and Risk Management 1320 IoT Trend and Disaster and Risk Management Presentation Transcript

  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The trend towards theInternet of Things: What does it help in Disaster and Risk Management ? Thomas UsländerFraunhofer IOSB, Germany
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Can theInternet ofThingsHelp UsAvoidDisasters? http://www.datanami.com/2014/03/11/can_the_internet_of_things_help_us_avoid_disasters_/ DatanamiarticleofMarch 11, 2014 “[With] all the data and information we have right now, we can definitely make better decisions.” Dr. Carlos Valdes, head of national seismological service for UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autónomade México)
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Content 1.What is the Internet of Things ? 2.Interoperability Challenge 3.Project Examples 4.Conclusion: Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for DRR
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Devices connected through the Internet  Internet of Things
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org •Internet-connected Objects •unique identification •location (GPS, GALILEO) •embedded software (smart objects, cyber-physical systems) •Internet technology (data, services) Characteristics
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Internet ofThings in theGartner Hype Cycle 2013 Internet ofThings Internet ofThings 2023 Will therequirementsofRiskandDisasterManagement bemet? Big Data
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Sensors as Internet-Connected Objects SocialMedia (crowdsourcing) opticalsensors in-situ/mobile sensors (environment, buildings,…) Smartphones(crowdsensing)
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Community Sense andResponse (CSR) Systems http://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2014/7/176219-community- sense-and-response-systems/fulltext http://csn.caltech.edu/ “~50 phones […] should be enough to detect a nearby magnitude 5+ with close to 100% detection rate.” [Faulkner et al, 2014]
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Content 1.What is the Internet of Things ? 2.Interoperability Challenge 3.Project Examples 4.Conclusion: Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for DRR
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Internet of Things (1) Physical World Virtual World Illustration taken from quantumcinema(c) Internet ofThings
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Internet of Things (2) – Interoperability Challenge Physical World Virtual World Illustration taken from quantumcinema (c) Infra-structure Platform Human World Services (e.g. Open Geospatial Consortium OGC) (Smart) Solutions TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS MODEL
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org International Initiatives EO sensors EO Data Web Services EO System- of-systems Services by Systems federal national European World INSPIRE GMES Geo-Portal Land Monitoring Atmosphere Monitoring Marine Environment Monitoring Emergency Management Security Climate Change GEOSS Disasters Health Energy Climate Water Weather Ecosystems Agriculture Biodiversity Functional Scope RegionalScope Spatial data infrastructure
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org GEOSS -A Global, Coordinated, Comprehensive and Sustained System of Earth Observing Systems Slid e 13 timely, quality, long-term, global information basis for sound decision making. disasters health energy climate agriculture ecosystems biodiversity water weather
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Content 1.What is the Internet of Things ? 2.Interoperability Challenge 3.Project Examples 4.Conclusion: Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for DRR
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org EO2HEAVEN (http://www.eo2heaven.org/) Impact ofenvironmental factorson health Waterbornediseasecholera Image: S. Woodborne, CSIR Air Quality and/orAeroallergens Image: UKZN Durban, Saxony Uganda HEALTH DATA EARTH OBSERVATIONS WEB-ENABLED PROCESSING, MODELLING AND FUSION RISK MAPS ALERTING TOOLS
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org TRIDEC (http://www.tridec-online.eu/ •real-time intelligent information management supporting •collaborative, complex critical decision processes in earth management Two real scenarios: •Tsunami Early Warning System (Natural Crisis Management) •Drilling Operations (Industrial Subsurface Development) 16
  • 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Upstream from Sensor Systems Downstream to Target Groups Decide-and-Act IoT Infrastructure Information Management Infrastructure Management Engineering Context Models (Geo-) Environment Human Interaction data acquisition dedicated channels Basic Architecture ofWarning Systems (Earthquake/Tsunami)
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Content 1.What is the Internet of Things ? 2.Interoperability Challenge 3.Project Examples 4.Conclusion: Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for DRR
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Support of the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action •Early warning systems part of priority 2 –Assessment •Up-to-now widely addressed using state-of-the art Internet technology •Early warning systems shall be people-centred –Assessment •potential of the emerging Internet of Things to be exploited •focus on the complementary capabilities of Internet- connected objects and humans
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Input to Post 2015 Framework for DRR: Research Open, scalable, dependable and secure information and communication (ICT) infrastructure  DRR profile of the Internet of Things (IoT) •rely upon open standards •have well-defined service levels (also in times of stress !) •work also (probably in limited fashion) in crisis situations •be self-configurable, self-repairing and self-adapting •have tailored applications with easy-to-use, intuitive user interfaces •be open to all stakeholders •obey data privacy and security regulations –see OECD fair information principles
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Input to Post 2015 Framework for DRR (2) •Education & Training –how to design and use such an infrastructure (software engineers) –how to develop DRR applications (software engineers) –how to use the DRR applications (DRR experts, end-users) •Implementation & Practice –step-by-step as a global system-of-systems in a coordinated, multi- organizational (UN, WHO, WMO,…) endeavour –support civil-military cooperation •Policy –need for common conviction, willingness and agreement of global, regional and local stakeholders –public-private-partnerships –continuous interdisciplinary dialogue, also between the DRR community (requirements) and the computer science community (capabilities)
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org DRR Strategy IoT Infrastructure Business Services View ofDRR Expert SpecificServices GenericServices View ofICT Expert DRR requirements IoT capabilities/ services gap Bridge theGap Future IDRC sessiontopic?
  • 5thInternational Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management -The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer Fraunhofer IOSB, Fraunhoferstr. 1 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany e-mail: thomas.uslaender@iosb.fraunhofer.de It’s a great time we are living in !