Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH) - Allied Knowledgebase Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction

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Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH) - Allied Knowledgebase Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH) - Allied Knowledgebase Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction

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  • 1. Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH) – Allied Knowledgebase Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction – International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC Davos 2010 30 May – 3 June 2010 Congress Centre, Davos Hiroyuki Kameda (presenting author) DRH Project PI ( http://drh.edm.bosai.go.jp/ ) Visiting Researcher, NIED Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University Slide /28
  • 2. Co-authors Hiroyuki Kameda (EDM-NIED, Japan: DRH Project PI, Manager, and Facilitator in IOT) Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany (IIEES, Iran: DRH Facilitator in IOT ) Amod Mani Dixit (NSET, Nepal: DRH Facilitator in PT) Craig Duncan (UNISDR, Geneva: DRH web system advisor) Weihua Fang (BNU, China: iRiskNet and DRH-China) Naho Ikeda (EDM-NIED, Japan: DRH Template coordinator) Takayuki Nakamura (Hokkaido Univ. Japan: DRH contents - Japanese institutions) Hiroaki Negishi (NIED, Japan: DRH web system development) Norio Okada (DPRI–Kyoto Univ., Japan: DRH Facilitator in PT) Anshu Sharma (SEEDS, India: DRH Facilitator in TIK) Rajib Shaw (GSGES–Kyoto Univ., Japan: DRH Facilitator in TIK) Mitsuaki Sasaki (EDM-NIED, Japan: DRH web system development) Koichi Shiwaku (WDM-NIED, Japan: DRH web system development) Peijun Shi (BNU, China: hosting DRH WS2) Stefan Scheer (EC/JRC, Ispra: DRH Europe/Africa) Kaoru Takara (DPRI–Kyoto Univ., Japan: DRH Japan Board Chair) Hirokazu Tatano (DPRI–Kyoto Univ.: DRH Facilitator support in PT) Other major contributors Djillali Benouar (Univ. Bab Ezzouar), Simonetta Consorti (UNISDR), Helena Molin-Valdes (UNISDR), Krishna Pribadi (ITB), Saidur Rahman (BDPC), Charles Scawthorn (Kyoto Univ.), and many others Slide /28
  • 3. 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE ACCOMMODATED IN DRH-ASIA 3. FRAMEWORK OF DRH-ASIA 4. DRH-ASIA SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 5. PERSPECTIVE TO DRH ALLIANCE 6. CONCLUSIONS CONTENTS Slide /28
  • 4. DRH (Disaster Reduction Hyperbase) & DRH Alliance DRH-Asia DRH-Europe/Africa (on-going) DRH-China DRH-Bangladesh Slide /28
  • 5. 1.1 Motivation for DRH 1. INTRODUCTION Slide /28 * 1995 : Disaster in Kobe E.Q. / International concerns, especially at APEC Meetings MEXT funding * 1998-2004 : EqTAP Project ( E arth q uake and T sunami Disaster Reduction for A sia- P acific Regions) / R&D of DRR technology based on regional characteristics / "Implementation Strategy in R&D" (Apec initiative) * 2005 : UN-WCDR (World Conference on Disaster Reduciton) / HFA (Hyogo Frame for Action) 2005-2015 / "Disaster Reduction Portfolio" proposed by GoJ for implementation of HFA MEXT funding (UN initiative) * 2005-2009 : DRH Project ( D isaster R eduction H yperbase) / Compilation of "Implementation Technology" )
  • 6. Major sponsor: *MEXT Special Coordination Fund for Promotion of S&T + DRH Phase I : April 2005-March 2006 + DRH Phase II : July 2006-March 2009 Institution in charge: * NIED (National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention) / with Kyoto University as contractor on part of the project / in cooperation with MEXT and CAO , GoJ “ Disaster Reduction Hyperbase -Asian Application ( DRH-Asia )” 1.2 DRH Project Slide /28
  • 7. + International Participation by leading researchers, NGO leaders, and international institutions (about 25 champion people) * Cross-regional coordination and collaboration in information platform development: UN-ISDR , Geneva, EC/JRC , Ispra, etc. * Asian participation: BDPC ( Bangladesh ), BNU ( China ), SEEDS ( India ), ITB and CDRC ( Indonesia ), IIEES ( Iran ) NSET ( Nepal ), PHIVOLCS ( Philippines ), U. Peradeniya ( Sri Lanka ) + leading institutions of Japan * Africa: USTHB ( Algeriga ) * South America: Peru Civil Defence ( Peru ) + Contributions by multilateral participants : in cash and/or in-kind Slide /28
  • 8. Implementation technology (product+process+wisdom) + Implementation oriented technology (IOT) : Outputs from modern R&D that are practiced under clear implementation strategies + Process technology (PT) : Know-how for implementation and practice, capacity building and social development for knowledge ownership + Transferable indigenous knowledge (TIK) : Traditional art of disaster reduction that is indigenous to specific region (s) but having potential to be applied to other regions and having time-tested reliability 2. TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE ACCOMMODATED IN DRH-ASIA 2.1 Conceptual development: Proposal of "Implementation Technology” Slide /28
  • 9. + Widen Definition of "Technology" + *Transferable Indigenous Knowledge 2. TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE ACCOMMODATED IN DRH-ASIA 2.1 Conceptual development: Proposal of "Implementation Technology” *Technology (definition) = "A set of rational means and knowledge pertinent to realizing specific objectives that have solid logical bases and stability" (Technologies specified as:) *Product technology Implementation oriented technology *Process technology Both "hard" - "soft" technologies
  • 10. Implementation technology (product+process+wisdom) + Implementation oriented technology (IOT) : Outputs from modern R&D that are practiced under clear implementation strategies + Process technology (PT) : Know-how for implementation and practice, capacity building and social development for knowledge ownership + Transferable indigenous knowledge (TIK) : Traditional art of disaster reduction that is indigenous to specific region (s) but having potential to be applied to other regions and having time-tested reliability 2.2 Components of Implementation Technology Slide /28
  • 11.
    • Technically or scientifically acceptable
    • Problem identification and methodology development practiced in direct communication with stakeholders and end-users to create incentive for their participation and ownership
    • Regional characteristics properly incorporated in terms of local context including available materials, cost, and workmanship
    • Most advanced research methodologies mobilized to generate high-quality products and meet the actual demands of the region
    Criteria for Implementation Oriented Technology (IOT) 2.3 Criteria for Components of Implementation Technology Slide /28
  • 12. Criteria for Process Technology (PT)
    • With emphasis on “practical use” of research
    • A tested methodology with social, cultural, economic, ecological, and technical feasibilities, developed through an implementation/ testing process ensuring results in disaster reduction
    • Demonstrated stakeholders’ participation and enhanced ownership
      • of the process
      • of results and lessons
    • Amenable/adaptable to local context, and with institutionalization potential
    • In-depth knowledge and insight gained through experience with disasters and mitigation
    Slide /28
  • 13.
    • Originated within communities, based on local needs, and specific to culture and context (environment and economy)
    • Provides core knowledge with flexibility for local adaptation for implementation
    • Uses local knowledge and skills, and materials based on local ecology
    • Has been proven to be time tested and useful in disasters
    • Is applied or applicable in other communities or generations
    Criteria for Transferable Indigenous Knowledge (TIK) Slide /28
  • 14. *DRH-Asia Top page (as of May 2010) (Ver. 3.4) http://drh.edm.bosai.go.jp/ 3. FRAMEWORK OF DRH-ASIA Slide /28
  • 15. Note: BM =Basic Member / FPM =Full Profile Member 3.1 Attributes of DRH-Asia " 3 + 1 " major components + Slide /28 DRH Project activities Find technologies Propose a technology Discuss technologies DRH partners What you can do with DRH (membership requirement) +Access DRH Contents (unlimited ) +Print & download DRH Contents ( unlimited ) +Discuss DRH Contents ( FPM) +Submit DRH Contents proposals ( FPM ) +General discussion ( BM , FPM ) +Member discussion on proposed DRH contents ( FPM ) +Access to relevant initiatives on information platforms for disaster reduction (IPDR) ( unlimited ) +Register your initiative ( FPM ) +Access to all records of DRH Project – conceptual & practical developments / major documents and presentation materials downloadable ( unlimited ) DB Forum Links Project
  • 16. 3.2 Criteria for DRH Contents Slide /28
    • Understandable to users
    • Implementable (Usable, Doable)
    • Shown to be useful
    • Plus
    • Criteria for each category (IOT, PT, TIK)
    General Criteria for DRH Contents Acceptance
  • 17.
    • i) To make it understandable to users:
    • Use terminology that can be understood by non-experts .
    • Incorporate as many illustrations as possible including photographs, diagrams and figures.
    • If you would like to include technical descriptions (such as scientific journal and paper, technical report, etc.), put them in attached files.
    • ii) To make it implementable
    • Provide as detailed and quantitative explanations as possible in the comment boxes for process of implementation and resources required .
    • iii) To make it shown to be useful:
    • Incorporate as many Application Examples as possible.
    • It is desirable that application examples are practical applications.
    Slide /28
  • 18. Hazards Earthquake Tsunami Volcanic eruption Landslide Mudflow Dust storm Cold wave Heat wave Zud Cyclone/ Typhoon Storm surge Flood Flash flood Glacial Lake Outburst Snow avalanches Epidemic Wildfire Drought Desertification Climate change impact Land degradation Multi-hazard Others (specify) 3.3 DRH Template Slide /28
  • 19. 4. DRH-ASIA SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT *In-house development by EDM-NIED International Team and IT Team with an extensive supports by UNISDR Information Management Unit 4.1 Web System Development
    • DRH Database + DRH Forum + DRH Links +DRH Project
    • Functions to assist DRH contents proposal submission, DRH member registration, advanced search of DRH Database, facilitation of proposals, automatic mailing, etc.
    • A multi-lingual operation (currently operable in fourteen languages): a powerful tool for development of regional/national DRH systems.
    • An active link with UNISDR PreventionWeb
    • Freeware codes: Source code transferrable (contact DRH Administration)
    • DRH installation kit in DVD: A driving force for DRH Alliance
    Distinct features of DRH-Asia web system:
  • 20. * DRH Facilitators : (IOT) Mosen Ghafory-Ashtiany and Hiroyuki Kameda (PT) Amod Dixit and Norio Okada (TIK) Anshu Sharma and Rajib Shaw (IHP-DRH) Kaoru Takara (IHP leader) and Hiroyuki Kameda (DRH Manager) 4.2 Mechanism of “Facilitation” for DRH Contents Slide /28
    • Quality assurance through:
    • Proposal submission
    • Facilitator – Proposer – Manager discussion (Facilitation)
    • Enhancement by Proposer
    • Registration in DRH Database
  • 21. Slide /28 Guidance to submission and facilitation
  • 22.
    • Contributions at DRH Contents Meeting (Kobe, 2007.3 / Proceedings in 2007.11 ) (Kameda et. al, 2007)
    • Call for DRH Contents proposals on the DRH web site
    • Institutional letters from NIED President to relevant research institutions in Japan
    • Individual approaches
    • Collaboration with other research initiatives including UNESCO-IHP (International Hydrology Programme), ICL (International Consortium on Landslides), etc.
    4.3 Compilation of DRH Contents Slide /28
  • 23. Current State of DRH Contents (as of April 23, 2010) Slide /28 under discussion on DRH Forum registered in DRH Database total IOT 9 13 22 PT 11 14 25 TIK 1 10 11 total 21 37 58 Algeria 1 Iran 3 Bangladesh 2 Japan 31 Brazil 1 Nepal 4 China 5 Peru 1 Canada 1 Philippines 1 India 1 Sri Lanka 1 Indonesia 5 East Timol 1 total 58
  • 24. Slide /28 DRH Contents examples DRH Contents example (1) Application of satellite image (Japan) DRH Contents example (2) Seismic retrofit of school buildings (Japan) DRH Contents example (3) Seismic retrofit of housings (Indonseia) DRH Contents example (4) Disaster risk assessment: public and private sector collaboration (Philippines) DRH Contents example (5) Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (Indonesia) DRH Contents example (6) Indigenous Knowledge for Flood Disaster Reduction (China)
  • 25. 5. PERSPECTIVE TO DRH ALLIANCE 5.1 Regional DRH Developments DRH-Asia: Developed in an Asian context DRH Project: Wider cross-regional collaboration consistently pursued DRH Alliance: A group of regional DRH platforms
    • DRH Europe/Africa :
    • DRH Phase I, DRH CMM1, Geneva, Aug. 2005: UN-ISDR leadership in linking the DRH Project to leaders in Europe and Africa.
    • A tie was established with EC/JRC Ispra who constructed DRH Europe/Africa
    • DRH China: BNU “DRH China” as part of iRiskNet
    • National DRH using DRH installation kit : national DRH platforms using their national languages / Installation kit offered to Bangladesh (BDPC), Nepal (NSET), and Iran (IEEA).
    Slide /28
  • 26. First DRH meeting at EC/JRC, Ispra (9 October 2005) DRH Bangladesh meeting, Kyoto (13 October 2009) Slide /28
  • 27. 5.2 DRH Activity Bases (For activating DRH practices in the post-project period (2004~) +Joining IDRiM Society : Founding the International Society of Integrated Disaster Risk Management (IDRiM Society) declared, Kyoto, 15 October 2009 (at the IDRiM Forum 09) *DRH endorsed as an important associate initiative with the IDRiM Society.   Slide /28 + DRH Consortium: Charter endorsed in the 2nd Annual DRH Workshop, Beijing, February 2008 + 1st DRH Consortium General Assembly (DRH Consortium Workshop), Kyoto, 12 and 15 October 2009 * DRH Consortium - Kyoto Resolution 2009 addressing DRH Web system enhancement and dissemination, DRH Contents developments and utilization, Management of DRH system, and DRH Consortium activities
  • 28.
    • An overview of the international initiative "Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH)", a web-based disaster risk reduction knowledgebase was presented.
    • "Implementation technology", a key concept of DRH contents was addressed.
    • Conceptual bases, system developments and contents compilation for DRH-Asia were highlighted.
    • Constitution of DRH alliance were addressed in conjunction with DRH Europe/Africa as well as other national DRH systems in progress.
    6. CONCLUSIONS Slide /28