Zero Poverty by 2020<br />Learn How it’s Done<br />10:00am – 11:15am<br />Facilitator: Jordana Stephens, Eden Hall Foundat...
Share your thoughts!<br />Text “Summit” to 57682 with your <br />feedback and thoughts on today’s <br />event!<br />Share ...
The UK’s Poverty Target: Something for Everyone<br />Natalie Branosky<br />Director <br />Centre for Economic & Social Inc...
The Target and Milestones<br />Announced by PM Tony Blair in March 1999:<br />…by one quarter by 2004-05<br />…by half by ...
Child Poverty:  progress to date<br />
Turning a Target into Legislation<br />“It is right to cement in legislation a commitment to ensure that unjust inequaliti...
The purpose of legislation<br />Measure success in eradicating child poverty<br />Set a vision and drive progress towards ...
The vision for eradicating child poverty by 2020<br />Working families should see a clear path out of poverty<br />Life ch...
To achieve it requires a broad strategy<br />It requires national, regional and local action: services are key to ensuring...
Child poverty is everybody’s business<br />Local businesses<br />Police officer<br />Youth worker<br />Hospitals<br />Tax ...
Southwestern Pennsylvania Food Security Partnership/Closing the Hunger Gap<br />Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Camb...
THE VICIOUS CIRCLE<br />370,000 people hungry<br />Poverty/Hunger/ Health/Education<br />
A Brief History of Hunger and Food Assistance in the United States<br />Pre-Civil War<br />Poverty and hunger realities in...
Post-New Deal<br />Apparent abundance during WWII – full employment and a massive armed services employing “everyone”<br /...
FOOD SECURITY<br />Food security is a term used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to describe the situation when th...
FOOD INSECURITY<br />Unable at times during the year to put   adequate food on the table<br />HUNGER<br />The physical and...
In The Midst Of Hunger, Growing Numbers Of Children And Adults Are Obese, With All The Complications That Accompany That<b...
  The highest % of obese children are from low-income families</li></ul>Pennsylvania’s obesity rates are higher than those...
CHILD HUNGER:<br /><ul><li>   Delayed Development
   Low Educational Achievement
   Poor Job and Lifetime Prospects
   Poor General health
  Food insecure children
  2 X more likely to require special education
  2 X more school suspensions
  1.6 X more school absences
  1.4 times more likely to repeat a grade*</li></ul>*(Dr. Larry Brown, Harvard School of Public Health)<br />
ADULT HUNGER:<br /><ul><li>   Diminished employability
   Loss of income/self-sufficiency
   Negative health outcomes</li></ul>ELDER HUNGER:<br /><ul><li>   Diminished security in fragile years
   Negative health outcomes
   Shortened life expectancy</li></li></ul><li>ECONOMIC COSTS OF HUNGER<br />$90 billion nationally<br />$500 million + re...
5 STEPS TO CUT HUNGER IN THE REGION IN HALF IN 5 YEARS<br />Increase Access To And Utilization Of Existing Food Assistance...
FEASIBILITY<br />CONSIDER: 3 sources of meals for food insecure people<br /><ul><li>Self-provided
Government Provided
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Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop

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The time is right for a nonprofit mission to eradicate poverty in the U.S. Escalating poverty is a concern for all and impacts nonprofits serving all purposes, from arts to environment to human services. What are the root causes and what can be done? The UK has committed to zero poverty by 2020. What are they doing to get there and how can we adopt this goal in Southwestern PA? Examine the bold policies set in the U.K. to eradicate poverty by 2020 and learn about other local initiatives that are helping to build the movement.

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  • Excela Health identifies eligible female employees earning near or below poverty guidelineExcela Health identifies career ladders: RN, Radiology tech, etc.Westmoreland Community Action provides economic stability class &amp; case managementExcela Health, Westmoreland County Community College &amp; Workforce Investment Board coordinate tuition and booksUnited Way assists with grant funding and special needs, i.e. computer, Internet, gas cards
  • Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop

    1. 1. Zero Poverty by 2020<br />Learn How it’s Done<br />10:00am – 11:15am<br />Facilitator: Jordana Stephens, Eden Hall Foundation<br />Speakers:Natalie Branosky, Center for Economic & Social Inclusion / Vic Papale, Southwestern PA Food Security Partnership / Bobbi Watt-Geer, United Way of Westmoreland County<br />
    2. 2. Share your thoughts!<br />Text “Summit” to 57682 with your <br />feedback and thoughts on today’s <br />event!<br />Share your thoughts on Twitter <br />by adding #GPNPSummit to your <br />tweets!<br />
    3. 3. The UK’s Poverty Target: Something for Everyone<br />Natalie Branosky<br />Director <br />Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion <br />Washington DC<br />
    4. 4. The Target and Milestones<br />Announced by PM Tony Blair in March 1999:<br />…by one quarter by 2004-05<br />…by half by 2010<br />…and eradicate it by 2020<br />“Our historic aim, that ours is the first generation to end child poverty forever. It’s a 20-year mission, but I believe it can be done.”<br />
    5. 5. Child Poverty: progress to date<br />
    6. 6. Turning a Target into Legislation<br />“It is right to cement in legislation a commitment to ensure that unjust inequalities are ended and that everyone has the opportunity to succeed in life.”<br />UK Secretary of State for Children, Schools & Families<br />Chief Secretary of the Treasury<br />UK Secretary of State for Work and Pensions <br />
    7. 7. The purpose of legislation<br />Measure success in eradicating child poverty<br />Set a vision and drive progress towards 2020<br />Establish an accountability framework <br />Initiate local action to tackle child poverty <br />Ensure a UK wide approach<br />It ensures that everyone plays their part – “child poverty is everybody’s business.”<br />
    8. 8. The vision for eradicating child poverty by 2020<br />Working families should see a clear path out of poverty<br />Life chances: Every child, whatever their background can achieve the five ECM outcomes<br />Income<br />Outcomes<br />Those who can’t work receive the practical and financial support they need to lift them out of poverty<br />Communities: Families live in safe, cohesive and prosperous communities where children can thrive<br />
    9. 9. To achieve it requires a broad strategy<br />It requires national, regional and local action: services are key to ensuring the ‘building blocks’ are a reality for all families in their area. But it is NOT just about income poverty.<br />
    10. 10. Child poverty is everybody’s business<br />Local businesses<br />Police officer<br />Youth worker<br />Hospitals<br />Tax attorney<br />schools<br />Enviro planners<br />workforce<br />housing<br />neighborhoods<br />
    11. 11. Southwestern Pennsylvania Food Security Partnership/Closing the Hunger Gap<br />Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Cambria, Fayette, <br />Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Somerset, Washington, Westmoreland<br />
    12. 12. THE VICIOUS CIRCLE<br />370,000 people hungry<br />Poverty/Hunger/ Health/Education<br />
    13. 13. A Brief History of Hunger and Food Assistance in the United States<br />Pre-Civil War<br />Poverty and hunger realities in countryside and in budding cities<br />Responses:<br />Individual charity<br />Faith-based charity<br />Local “Poor Districts” – from the English Poor Laws models<br />Post-Civil War<br />Poverty still widespread – taking on the particular features of the industrial revolution and the disparities of the Gilded Age<br />Periodic “panics” (i.e., recessions and depressions)<br />Coxey’s Army – 1894 and 1914 <br />Responses:<br />Private, faith-based and Poor Districts continue<br />New on the Scene – Settlement Houses<br />The Great Depression<br />“One-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clothed and ill-fed” – FDR<br />Responses:<br />Long lines at soup kitchens, settlement houses, etc.<br />Grain purchases to help farmers – Hoover<br />Distribute wheat to feed the hungry – Congress<br />Surplus commodity procurement and distribution – FDR<br />May 16, 1939 – Food Stamps<br />Orange stamps – for sale<br />Blue stamps – 50 cents worth for every orange stamp purchased<br />
    14. 14. Post-New Deal<br />Apparent abundance during WWII – full employment and a massive armed services employing “everyone”<br />Responses:<br />1943 – Food Stamp program terminated – for lack of need<br />1946 – School lunch program begins after Truman reads study revealing many men failed to be drafted during the war due to malnutrition experienced during childhood<br />Early 1950’s – Meals on Wheels started in a Philadelphia, PA Settlement House (the Lighthouse) after learning how the English responded to shut ins and homeless during the Blitz<br />1959 – Food Stamp program revised by Congress, but not implemented by Eisenhower Administration<br />Michael Harrington, “The Other America”<br />1961 – Kennedy Administration implements the Food Stamp Program in response to what he saw in West Virginia in the 1960 campaign and in response to Harrington<br />1964 – Food Stamp Act – made the program permanent<br />1965-68 – Robert Kennedy witnesses starvation in the South<br />M. L. King & Ralph Abernathy organize the Poor People’s March<br />1968 – Summer Food Program<br />1973 – beginning of the end of the post-WW II U. S. economic domination<br />1974 – WIC<br />1977 – Food Stamp purchasing requirement ended<br />Jan. 1, 1979 – took effect<br />End of 1979 – 20 million Food Stamp participants<br />1980 – 2011<br />Deindustrialization; “stagflation;” booms and busts; homelessness and hunger; growing awareness of nutrition issues and values<br />Responses:<br />Programs grow and modernize (credit cards replace stamps)<br />Food banks organize, respond to growing need; adopt various efficiencies and nutrition standards<br />The Challenge Ahead?<br />
    15. 15.
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    19. 19. FOOD SECURITY<br />Food security is a term used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to describe the situation when the food intake of one or more members of a household is reduced and eating patterns are disrupted because the household lacks money and other resources for food.<br />National Center for Children in Poverty, Mailman School<br />of Public Health, Columbia University"<br />                                                               <br />
    20. 20. FOOD INSECURITY<br />Unable at times during the year to put adequate food on the table<br />HUNGER<br />The physical and mental reactions that can accompany a lack of sufficient food.<br />
    21. 21. In The Midst Of Hunger, Growing Numbers Of Children And Adults Are Obese, With All The Complications That Accompany That<br />15% of ALL Pennsylvania children are obese:<br /><ul><li> In the SWPA region, that’s 83,000 obesechildren
    22. 22. The highest % of obese children are from low-income families</li></ul>Pennsylvania’s obesity rates are higher than those in 36 other states and the District of Columbia:<br /> “the state has many lower socioeconomic communities, where there is a lack of healthy foods available and a lack of opportunities to be physically active.”*<br />*Grace Patuwo, “Battle for Health,” — Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August, 4, 2010<br />
    23. 23. CHILD HUNGER:<br /><ul><li> Delayed Development
    24. 24. Low Educational Achievement
    25. 25. Poor Job and Lifetime Prospects
    26. 26. Poor General health
    27. 27. Food insecure children
    28. 28. 2 X more likely to require special education
    29. 29. 2 X more school suspensions
    30. 30. 1.6 X more school absences
    31. 31. 1.4 times more likely to repeat a grade*</li></ul>*(Dr. Larry Brown, Harvard School of Public Health)<br />
    32. 32. ADULT HUNGER:<br /><ul><li> Diminished employability
    33. 33. Loss of income/self-sufficiency
    34. 34. Negative health outcomes</li></ul>ELDER HUNGER:<br /><ul><li> Diminished security in fragile years
    35. 35. Negative health outcomes
    36. 36. Shortened life expectancy</li></li></ul><li>ECONOMIC COSTS OF HUNGER<br />$90 billion nationally<br />$500 million + regionally<br /><ul><li>From</li></ul>Costs to charity<br />Health-related expenditures<br />Lower work force productivity<br />
    37. 37. 5 STEPS TO CUT HUNGER IN THE REGION IN HALF IN 5 YEARS<br />Increase Access To And Utilization Of Existing Food Assistance Programs<br />Build Broad Community Engagement To Close The Hunger Gap<br />Advocate For Strong Public Policies<br />Social Service Agency Cooperation To Address Larger Issues Of Poverty<br />Ensure More Efficient Administration Of Systems And Resources<br />
    38. 38. FEASIBILITY<br />CONSIDER: 3 sources of meals for food insecure people<br /><ul><li>Self-provided
    39. 39. Government Provided
    40. 40. Provided By Charitable And Public-private Partnerships
    41. 41. We could cut that in half in five years with the following increments:
    42. 42. 6.5% In Self-provided
    43. 43. 12% In Government-provided
    44. 44. 20% In Charitable And Public-private Partnerships</li></li></ul><li>Mothers Making More • M3<br />A Pilot Project to Reduce Female Headed Households Living in Poverty<br />
    45. 45. Origin of M3<br />Status of Women in Westmoreland County Research Project (2008)<br />Poverty<br />Pay Equity<br />Leadership<br />Health & Well-being<br />Violence<br />
    46. 46. Face of Poverty: Westmoreland County, PA<br />Disproportionately female (13.3% women in poverty, 7.7% men).<br />Particularly female-headed households with children under 18 years of age.<br />48% of Westmoreland County FHH lived in poverty in 2009.<br />
    47. 47. Family Median Income in Westmoreland County: 2006 & 2009<br />
    48. 48. More About Female Headed Households Living in Poverty<br />FHH living in poverty is Up! <br /> From 2006-2009 the percentage of FHH living in poverty has risen from 41 to 48%in Westmoreland.<br />7,500 FHH living in poverty in our community.<br />Median Income for FHH was $19,499 in 2009.<br />Overall Poverty for Westmoreland County Women – Up! 3000<br />22,243 females of all ages which has gone up by 3,000 women since the original study.<br />
    49. 49. Another Reason to Care:Violence & Poverty<br />2x<br />2x<br />
    50. 50. Local Strategies<br />Awareness & Education<br />Mothers Making More - M3<br />Supporting Financial Stability efforts of United Way partners<br />Circles<br />Volunteer Income Tax Assistance: engaging volunteers and corporate partners<br />Safety net service support<br />
    51. 51. Mothers Making More: M3<br />Joining forces to improve long-term financial stability for female-headed households<br />Partners: <br />Excela HealthSeton Hill UniversityUnited Way of Westmoreland CountyWestmoreland Community ActionWestmoreland County Community College Westmoreland-Fayette Workforce Investment Board<br />
    52. 52. M3 Pilot Phase<br />Employees<br />Career Ladders<br />Learning Specifications<br />Financial Education<br />Case Management<br />M3<br />Tuition<br />BooksCurriculum<br />Grant Funding<br />Special Needs<br />Career Ladder Support<br />Books and Resources<br />Coordination<br />
    53. 53. M3: Next Steps<br />Expand recruitment, inviting mothers who use Head Start services<br />Involve other corporate partners<br />Expand education institution partners<br />Support enrollees<br />Evaluate outcomes<br />
    54. 54. Mothers Making More • M3<br />www.unitedway4u.org<br />http://unitedway4u.org/media/StatusWomenReportFINAL.pdf<br />
    55. 55. Thank you from the Greater Pittsburgh Nonprofit Partnership!<br />
    56. 56. Workshop Evaluation<br />Text “Zero” to 57682 with your answers to the following questions:<br />Please rate the overall value of this workshop<br /> E – Excellent G – Good P – Poor F – Fair <br />Did you learn anything that you will apply at your own organization?<br /> Y – Yes N - No<br />Please text other comments and feedback.<br />Submit by hitting “send!” You will receive an auto-reply from the GPNP.<br />Sample text: “Zero E Y This is a serious issue that my organization is also working on and we’re ready to contribute to the larger effort.”<br />

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