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Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop
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Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop

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The time is right for a nonprofit mission to eradicate poverty in the U.S. Escalating poverty is a concern for all and impacts nonprofits serving all purposes, from arts to environment to human ...

The time is right for a nonprofit mission to eradicate poverty in the U.S. Escalating poverty is a concern for all and impacts nonprofits serving all purposes, from arts to environment to human services. What are the root causes and what can be done? The UK has committed to zero poverty by 2020. What are they doing to get there and how can we adopt this goal in Southwestern PA? Examine the bold policies set in the U.K. to eradicate poverty by 2020 and learn about other local initiatives that are helping to build the movement.

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  • Excela Health identifies eligible female employees earning near or below poverty guidelineExcela Health identifies career ladders: RN, Radiology tech, etc.Westmoreland Community Action provides economic stability class & case managementExcela Health, Westmoreland County Community College & Workforce Investment Board coordinate tuition and booksUnited Way assists with grant funding and special needs, i.e. computer, Internet, gas cards

Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop Pittsburgh Nonprofit Summit - Zero Poverty by 2020 Workshop Presentation Transcript

  • Zero Poverty by 2020
    Learn How it’s Done
    10:00am – 11:15am
    Facilitator: Jordana Stephens, Eden Hall Foundation
    Speakers:Natalie Branosky, Center for Economic & Social Inclusion / Vic Papale, Southwestern PA Food Security Partnership / Bobbi Watt-Geer, United Way of Westmoreland County
  • Share your thoughts!
    Text “Summit” to 57682 with your
    feedback and thoughts on today’s
    event!
    Share your thoughts on Twitter
    by adding #GPNPSummit to your
    tweets!
  • The UK’s Poverty Target: Something for Everyone
    Natalie Branosky
    Director
    Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion
    Washington DC
  • The Target and Milestones
    Announced by PM Tony Blair in March 1999:
    …by one quarter by 2004-05
    …by half by 2010
    …and eradicate it by 2020
    “Our historic aim, that ours is the first generation to end child poverty forever. It’s a 20-year mission, but I believe it can be done.”
  • Child Poverty: progress to date
  • Turning a Target into Legislation
    “It is right to cement in legislation a commitment to ensure that unjust inequalities are ended and that everyone has the opportunity to succeed in life.”
    UK Secretary of State for Children, Schools & Families
    Chief Secretary of the Treasury
    UK Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
  • The purpose of legislation
    Measure success in eradicating child poverty
    Set a vision and drive progress towards 2020
    Establish an accountability framework
    Initiate local action to tackle child poverty
    Ensure a UK wide approach
    It ensures that everyone plays their part – “child poverty is everybody’s business.”
  • The vision for eradicating child poverty by 2020
    Working families should see a clear path out of poverty
    Life chances: Every child, whatever their background can achieve the five ECM outcomes
    Income
    Outcomes
    Those who can’t work receive the practical and financial support they need to lift them out of poverty
    Communities: Families live in safe, cohesive and prosperous communities where children can thrive
  • To achieve it requires a broad strategy
    It requires national, regional and local action: services are key to ensuring the ‘building blocks’ are a reality for all families in their area. But it is NOT just about income poverty.
  • Child poverty is everybody’s business
    Local businesses
    Police officer
    Youth worker
    Hospitals
    Tax attorney
    schools
    Enviro planners
    workforce
    housing
    neighborhoods
  • Southwestern Pennsylvania Food Security Partnership/Closing the Hunger Gap
    Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Cambria, Fayette,
    Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Somerset, Washington, Westmoreland
  • THE VICIOUS CIRCLE
    370,000 people hungry
    Poverty/Hunger/ Health/Education
  • A Brief History of Hunger and Food Assistance in the United States
    Pre-Civil War
    Poverty and hunger realities in countryside and in budding cities
    Responses:
    Individual charity
    Faith-based charity
    Local “Poor Districts” – from the English Poor Laws models
    Post-Civil War
    Poverty still widespread – taking on the particular features of the industrial revolution and the disparities of the Gilded Age
    Periodic “panics” (i.e., recessions and depressions)
    Coxey’s Army – 1894 and 1914
    Responses:
    Private, faith-based and Poor Districts continue
    New on the Scene – Settlement Houses
    The Great Depression
    “One-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clothed and ill-fed” – FDR
    Responses:
    Long lines at soup kitchens, settlement houses, etc.
    Grain purchases to help farmers – Hoover
    Distribute wheat to feed the hungry – Congress
    Surplus commodity procurement and distribution – FDR
    May 16, 1939 – Food Stamps
    Orange stamps – for sale
    Blue stamps – 50 cents worth for every orange stamp purchased
  • Post-New Deal
    Apparent abundance during WWII – full employment and a massive armed services employing “everyone”
    Responses:
    1943 – Food Stamp program terminated – for lack of need
    1946 – School lunch program begins after Truman reads study revealing many men failed to be drafted during the war due to malnutrition experienced during childhood
    Early 1950’s – Meals on Wheels started in a Philadelphia, PA Settlement House (the Lighthouse) after learning how the English responded to shut ins and homeless during the Blitz
    1959 – Food Stamp program revised by Congress, but not implemented by Eisenhower Administration
    Michael Harrington, “The Other America”
    1961 – Kennedy Administration implements the Food Stamp Program in response to what he saw in West Virginia in the 1960 campaign and in response to Harrington
    1964 – Food Stamp Act – made the program permanent
    1965-68 – Robert Kennedy witnesses starvation in the South
    M. L. King & Ralph Abernathy organize the Poor People’s March
    1968 – Summer Food Program
    1973 – beginning of the end of the post-WW II U. S. economic domination
    1974 – WIC
    1977 – Food Stamp purchasing requirement ended
    Jan. 1, 1979 – took effect
    End of 1979 – 20 million Food Stamp participants
    1980 – 2011
    Deindustrialization; “stagflation;” booms and busts; homelessness and hunger; growing awareness of nutrition issues and values
    Responses:
    Programs grow and modernize (credit cards replace stamps)
    Food banks organize, respond to growing need; adopt various efficiencies and nutrition standards
    The Challenge Ahead?
  • FOOD SECURITY
    Food security is a term used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to describe the situation when the food intake of one or more members of a household is reduced and eating patterns are disrupted because the household lacks money and other resources for food.
    National Center for Children in Poverty, Mailman School
    of Public Health, Columbia University"
                                                                  
  • FOOD INSECURITY
    Unable at times during the year to put adequate food on the table
    HUNGER
    The physical and mental reactions that can accompany a lack of sufficient food.
  • In The Midst Of Hunger, Growing Numbers Of Children And Adults Are Obese, With All The Complications That Accompany That
    15% of ALL Pennsylvania children are obese:
    • In the SWPA region, that’s 83,000 obesechildren
    • The highest % of obese children are from low-income families
    Pennsylvania’s obesity rates are higher than those in 36 other states and the District of Columbia:
    “the state has many lower socioeconomic communities, where there is a lack of healthy foods available and a lack of opportunities to be physically active.”*
    *Grace Patuwo, “Battle for Health,” — Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August, 4, 2010
  • CHILD HUNGER:
    • Delayed Development
    • Low Educational Achievement
    • Poor Job and Lifetime Prospects
    • Poor General health
    • Food insecure children
    • 2 X more likely to require special education
    • 2 X more school suspensions
    • 1.6 X more school absences
    • 1.4 times more likely to repeat a grade*
    *(Dr. Larry Brown, Harvard School of Public Health)
  • ADULT HUNGER:
    • Diminished employability
    • Loss of income/self-sufficiency
    • Negative health outcomes
    ELDER HUNGER:
    • Diminished security in fragile years
    • Negative health outcomes
    • Shortened life expectancy
  • ECONOMIC COSTS OF HUNGER
    $90 billion nationally
    $500 million + regionally
    • From
    Costs to charity
    Health-related expenditures
    Lower work force productivity
  • 5 STEPS TO CUT HUNGER IN THE REGION IN HALF IN 5 YEARS
    Increase Access To And Utilization Of Existing Food Assistance Programs
    Build Broad Community Engagement To Close The Hunger Gap
    Advocate For Strong Public Policies
    Social Service Agency Cooperation To Address Larger Issues Of Poverty
    Ensure More Efficient Administration Of Systems And Resources
  • FEASIBILITY
    CONSIDER: 3 sources of meals for food insecure people
    • Self-provided
    • Government Provided
    • Provided By Charitable And Public-private Partnerships
    • We could cut that in half in five years with the following increments:
    • 6.5% In Self-provided
    • 12% In Government-provided
    • 20% In Charitable And Public-private Partnerships
  • Mothers Making More • M3
    A Pilot Project to Reduce Female Headed Households Living in Poverty
  • Origin of M3
    Status of Women in Westmoreland County Research Project (2008)
    Poverty
    Pay Equity
    Leadership
    Health & Well-being
    Violence
  • Face of Poverty: Westmoreland County, PA
    Disproportionately female (13.3% women in poverty, 7.7% men).
    Particularly female-headed households with children under 18 years of age.
    48% of Westmoreland County FHH lived in poverty in 2009.
  • Family Median Income in Westmoreland County: 2006 & 2009
  • More About Female Headed Households Living in Poverty
    FHH living in poverty is Up!
    From 2006-2009 the percentage of FHH living in poverty has risen from 41 to 48%in Westmoreland.
    7,500 FHH living in poverty in our community.
    Median Income for FHH was $19,499 in 2009.
    Overall Poverty for Westmoreland County Women – Up! 3000
    22,243 females of all ages which has gone up by 3,000 women since the original study.
  • Another Reason to Care:Violence & Poverty
    2x
    2x
  • Local Strategies
    Awareness & Education
    Mothers Making More - M3
    Supporting Financial Stability efforts of United Way partners
    Circles
    Volunteer Income Tax Assistance: engaging volunteers and corporate partners
    Safety net service support
  • Mothers Making More: M3
    Joining forces to improve long-term financial stability for female-headed households
    Partners:
    Excela HealthSeton Hill UniversityUnited Way of Westmoreland CountyWestmoreland Community ActionWestmoreland County Community College Westmoreland-Fayette Workforce Investment Board
  • M3 Pilot Phase
    Employees
    Career Ladders
    Learning Specifications
    Financial Education
    Case Management
    M3
    Tuition
    BooksCurriculum
    Grant Funding
    Special Needs
    Career Ladder Support
    Books and Resources
    Coordination
  • M3: Next Steps
    Expand recruitment, inviting mothers who use Head Start services
    Involve other corporate partners
    Expand education institution partners
    Support enrollees
    Evaluate outcomes
  • Mothers Making More • M3
    www.unitedway4u.org
    http://unitedway4u.org/media/StatusWomenReportFINAL.pdf
  • Thank you from the Greater Pittsburgh Nonprofit Partnership!
  • Workshop Evaluation
    Text “Zero” to 57682 with your answers to the following questions:
    Please rate the overall value of this workshop
    E – Excellent G – Good P – Poor F – Fair
    Did you learn anything that you will apply at your own organization?
    Y – Yes N - No
    Please text other comments and feedback.
    Submit by hitting “send!” You will receive an auto-reply from the GPNP.
    Sample text: “Zero E Y This is a serious issue that my organization is also working on and we’re ready to contribute to the larger effort.”