Kerala isn ’t a country, but merely a state within India, but its population is 29 million people!! (larger than Canada's population)
Kerala State has the highest life expectancy in India (more than 70 years -- a little higher than China's) and the highest rate of literacy in general and female literacy in particular (considerably higher than China's).
In the late 1980 ’s Kerala's birth rate reached 20 per 1000 (falling from 44 per 1,000 in the 1950's)
Kerala's declining birth rate (estimated at 18 per 1,000 by 1991).
Another clear difference is their level of education. 85% of women in Kerala are literate, and girls outnumber boys in higher education.
Women with qualifications are more likely to work, and marry later. The average age of marriage for women in Kerala is the highest in India, which again reduces the likelihood of having a large family.
With better education, women are more likely to know how to keep their children healthy. Greater investment in health care by the state government helps too. Consequently, infant mortality in Kerala has fallen dramatically from 210 deaths per 1,000 children in 1930 to 14 deaths per 1,000 today. If children have a greater chance of survival, families are less likely to try for more.
The position of women Kerala's success is thanks to the state government's priority in meeting the basic needs of people, especially young mothers. Compared to other parts of India, women have been treated differently in Kerala for over a century. Keralese women are regarded as an asset rather than a drain on a family's finances. Instead of paying out a dowry when daughters marry, parents in Kerala receive money from the bridegroom's family. Some women can inherit and own land, giving them financial independence and power of their own.