Grammar book2
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Grammar book2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Grammar BookBy: Gerardo Murphy
  • 2. Table of Contents• Que vs. Cual• Ser – Doctor Ped• Estar – Helping• Gustar• Transitions• Imperfect• Trigger words• Acabar de + infinitive• Hace + time + que + pres.• Verbs like Gustar• Reflexives• Tu commands/Affirmitive, Negative, Irregular• D.O.P. Placement• Preterite
  • 3. Que vs. Cual Que Cual• Used when asking for a • Used before es and ser definition • Used when someone makes a• Can mean “which”. selection• Used before nouns
  • 4. Ser• Description – ¿Que es?• Origin – ¿De donde es?• Characteristics – ¿Como es?• Time – ¿Que hora es?• Occupation – ¿Que hace?• Relationships – ¿Quien es?• Possesion – ¿De quien es?• Events – ¿Cuando es la fiesta?• Dates – ¿Que dia es hoy?• Estar
  • 5. Estar• Health• Emotions• Location• Present Condition• I --------------- -ar = ando -er = iendo -ir = iendo• N --------------- -ar = ando -er = iendo -ir = iendo• G --------------- -ar = ando -er = iendo -ir = iendo
  • 6. Gustar• A mi – me gusta• A tu – te gusta• A usted – le gusta• A el – le gusta• A ella – le gusta• A nosotros – nos gusta• A vosotros – os gusta• A ustedes – les gusta• A ellos – les gusta• A ellas – les gusta
  • 7. Transitions• Tambien• Ahora• Primero• Despues• Por eso• Asi que• Entonces
  • 8. Imperfect Hablar Comer EscribirYo hablaba comia escribiaTu hablabas comias escribiasEl/ella/ud. hablaba comia escribiaNosotros hablabamos comiamos escribiamosVosotros hablabais comiais escribiaisEllos/ellas/Uds. hablaban comian escribian
  • 9. Triggers• Todos los dias• A menudo• A veces• Siempre• Coda dia• Loslunes• Generalmente• Mientras• De vez en cuando• Muchas veces• frecuentemente
  • 10. Acabar de + infinitive• Used to refer to something before doing something else
  • 11. Hacer ExpressionsHace + Time + que + pres. Verb Used to tell how much time you’ve been doing somethingHay + que + infinitive Used to tell what is being talked aboutSe prohibe + infinitive Tells what is prohibitedIr + a + infinitiveTells what someone is going to do
  • 12. Verbos like gustar• Altar – To be missing• Fascinar – To be fascinated• Encantar – To love• Importar – To import• Interesar – To interest• Doler – To hurt
  • 13. Reflexives - A reflexive verb is a verb used when the sub. and verb are the same. Subject Reflexive Pronoun -ar Endings -ir/-er Endings Yo Me -o -o Tu Te -as -es El/Ella/Usted Se -a -e Nosotros Nos -amos -imosEllos/Ellas/Uds. Se -an -en
  • 14. Affirmative Commands- Get your verb you want to conjugate = Escribir- Conjugate to the tu form = Escribes- Get rid of the –s = Escribe- Add the DOP! Escribelo = Write It!
  • 15. Negative- Get your verb you want to conjugate = Comer- Conjugate it to the he/she/formal you form. = Como- Change the last letter to the opposite ending. = -ar  -er -er/-ir  -ar- Add a -s to the very end of your new word.- Then use the form = ¡No lo/la/los/las Verb!- ¡No lo Comes!
  • 16. Irregular tú commands Di  No digas Haz  No hagas Ve  No vayas Pon  No pongas Sal  No salgas Se  No seas Ten  No tengas Ven  No vengas
  • 17. DOP PlacementMe NosTe OsLe LosSe Las
  • 18. Preterite - The preterite tense is an action that is done in the past. It’s like a snapshot of you doing the action. Pronoun Endings Pronoun Endings Yo -é Yo -í Tu -aste Tu -isteEl/Ella/Ud. -ó El/Ella/Ud. -ió Nosotros -amos Nosotros -imos Uds. -aron Uds. -ieron Ar Endings Er/Ir Endings