Innovations and boarder conditions

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Innovations and boarder conditions

  1. 1. Session title: Future Technology Innovation and R&D Innovations and boarder conditions Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  2. 2. Innovations and boarder conditions Outline  Technology potential vs. Grid Potential  Utility scale vs. Residential scale  HVAC vs. LVDC Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  3. 3. Innovations and boarder conditions New Techs In Italy  Many PV start-ups  R&D activities: CPV, CdTe, micro- crystalline Si, Multi-junctions,...  Program “Industria 2015”: 25% funds requests for PV research Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  4. 4. Innovations and boarder conditions Thin-film is still an option?  For very large PV system the price gap between thin-films and c-Si is reducing  For very large PV system low efficiency is a drawback  Silicon constitutes the 25% of the Earth surface Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  5. 5. Innovations and boarder conditions … but where is the limit?  Currently we need realistic and sustainable development projects because of GRID LIMITATIONS and REGULATIONS Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  6. 6. Innovations and boarder conditions A possible scenario  Low cost CPV (made in Italy) system: turn-key price 2 €/Wp  Good irradiation site with available “brown-fields”: Sicilia or Puglia  No grid connection due to a 60 years old electrical line Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  7. 7. Innovations and boarder conditions What do we need?  Investments in the grid (even not smart!)  A unique national rule for very large system (Autorizzazione Unica) Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  8. 8. Innovations and boarder conditions The other half of the sky...  Energy storage system can dramatically contribute to PV deployment  The new goal: have a predictable PV power source Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  9. 9. Innovations and boarder conditions Residential first  With a “new” storage system it is possible to modify our vision of small residential system  Stand-alone become the optimal solution to avoid regulations and grid limits Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  10. 10. Innovations and boarder conditions Back to the future  Why do we have to loose energy in the AC/DC conversion in our houses (transformers everywhere) when the PV current is DC … and our laptop is DC?  No inverter, 110 V are enough, no AC/DC losses Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  11. 11. Innovations and boarder conditions LVDC grid  Residential LVDC grid or minigrids will reduce the cost of/for electricity for the final consumer: this step will remove all the barriers to create a new energy era. The PV Era. Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  12. 12. Innovations and boarder conditions HVAC grid... or HVDC  HVAC could be necessary to permit the distribution of the energy... but... why not HVDC?  HVDC is better than HVAC with power > 1000 MW and distance > 700 km Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  13. 13. Innovations and boarder conditions How GIFI promotes the innovations  In the 2011 version of the “Conto Energia” with 2 main initiatives  1) FiT for CPVs  2) FiT prize for programmable PV plants Domenico Sartore - GIFI's Member - Milan, 24 / 2 / 2010
  14. 14. www.gifi-fv.it Thanks for your attention GIFI: toward the solar economy

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