Ponencia de Grupo FARO en Chatham house

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Ponencia de Grupo FARO en Chatham house

  1. 1. Independence<br />Transparency<br />Public policy<br />Social Change<br />Critical issues in Ecuador’s forest sector and implications for the National REDD+ strategy<br />Sigrid Vásconez Davidsson<br />London, January, 28th, 2011<br />www.grupofaro.org<br />
  2. 2. General Context<br />Population: 14,2 million<br />Area: 256,370 km2<br />Urban population: 66%<br />2009: GDP 57,2 million USD USD 3.970 GNI per capita <br />2009: Poverty: 45,5%<br />Rural Poverty: 74,9% <br />Sources: http://data.worldbank.org/country/ecuador. www.inec.gov.ec . Ministry of Environment 2010<br />
  3. 3. Context <br />2009 est.: 9,15 million ha of forests<br />Amongst highest rates <br />deforestation in Latin America: 1.7- 2.4 annual loss <br />Main drivers: <br /><ul><li>Land use change (agriculture)
  4. 4. Unsustainable and illegal logging,
  5. 5. Extractive industries (oil and mining) expansion
  6. 6. Roads and infrastructure </li></ul>Source Ecociencia 2010<br />Source: National Development Plan 2007-2010 <br />
  7. 7. Conflicting grounds: Forest and REDD+ policy<br />Private sector<br />65% forest lands ownership and tenure rights (mainly IPs)<br />Non Public<br />Public institutions<br />Public Sphere<br />Public governmental<br />Public non governmental<br />2008 Constitution Art. 74 Env Services as State function <br />Civil Society: indigenous peoples, local communities and individual landowners<br />
  8. 8. SOCIOBOSQUE <br />Forest Governance <br />SFM<br />Incentive System<br />DBL<br />SAF<br />Information System<br />Sustainable Management of Forests<br />Control System<br />FEI<br />SFM<br />Forest Statistics<br />Forest Control<br />Reforestation and Afforestation<br />Land titling and forest tenure<br />Legal Framework Reforms<br />Financial Sustainability <br />
  9. 9. National Forest Administration and Control System <br />Native Forest<br />Forest Plantations<br />Ministry of Environment (MAE)<br />Forest Management: Plans and programs<br />Forest Statistics (SAF)<br />Forest Logging: Licenses <br />Forest Regents<br />Transportation: Licenses<br />Sources: ECOBONA, 2010. Palacios, 2008<br />
  10. 10. Ecuador´s forest sector: critical issues<br />Regulatory framework <br />In the market<br /><ul><li>Ministry of Environment (MAE) designs, implements, evaluates and controls
  11. 11. Policy contradictions influence low value of forest
  12. 12. No baseline information: No forest inventory, lack of Nat Land Use plan
  13. 13. No independent, third party oversight
  14. 14. Forest Statistics not related to concrete territories and not publicly available
  15. 15. Conflicts: REDD+ mechanisms versus evolving Env Serv policy
  16. 16. Lack of comprehensive economic incentives for sustainable forest management (Sociobosque is incipient)
  17. 17. Forests value chain extremely inequitable (300% price increase in industrialization phase)
  18. 18. Oligopoly composition of the market: 92% commercialization in hands of 5 companies
  19. 19. Domestic timber market is distorted: 50-75% of National timber supply is illegal and/or of informal origin</li></li></ul><li>Our contribution<br />Transparency and Public Access of forest information<br />Strengthening CSOs and coalitions<br />Transparency in Ecuador´s Forest Sector<br />Improve forest governance<br />
  20. 20. THANKS!<br />Sigrid Vásconez<br />svasconez@grupofaro.org<br />www.grupofaro.org<br />www.foresttransparency.info<br />

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