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GEOtop2010
GEOtop2010
GEOtop2010
GEOtop2010
GEOtop2010
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GEOtop2010

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Unfinished presentation on the what you can expect from GEOtop

Unfinished presentation on the what you can expect from GEOtop

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  • 1. Geotop2010 as a Gold Mine for the CHyMP R. Rigon, M. Dall’Amico, S. Endrizzi, E. Cordano, A. Antonello, S. Franceschi
  • 2. -> What is now GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 1. GEOtop is a distributed hydrological model, which integrates water and energy budget in complex terrain [Rigon et al. 2006]. 2. It performs energy balance and water balance, computing energy fluxes between soil and atmosphere, subsurface and surface flows [ Bertoldi et al., 2006]. Rigon et al., JHM, 2006, Bertoldi et al., JHM, 2006, Simoni, 2007, Endrizzi, 2007 http://www.geotop.org 2 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 3. GEOtop2010 What for? rainfall-runoff and soil measured simulated moisture heterogeneity in soil hydraulic properties, landscape structural properties, soil moisture profile, surface–subsurface interaction, interception by plants, snowpack, rainfall distribution 3 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 4. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 1. GEOtop is a distributed hydrological model, which integrates water and energy budget in complex terrain [Rigon et al. 2006]. 2. It performs energy balance and mass balance, computing energy fluxes between soil and atmosphere, subsurface and surface flows [ Bertoldi et al., 2006]. 3. Soil moisture and soil water pressure are dynamically computed at each location (x, y, z) [Cordano et al., 2007]. 4 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 5. GEOtop2010 What for? shallow landslides and debris flow triggering Initial and boundary conditions, heterogeneity in soil hydraulic and geotechnical properties, landscape structural and geological properties, soil moisture profile [Simoni et al, 2007] 5 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 6. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 1. GEOtop is a distributed hydrological model, which integrates water and energy budget in complex terrain [Rigon et al. 2006]. 2. It performs energy balance and mass balance, computing energy fluxes between soil and atmosphere, subsurface and surface flows [ Bertoldi et al., 2006]. 3. Soil moisture and soil water pressure are dynamically computed at each location (x, y, z) [Cordano et al., 2007]. 4. Slope stability is assessed through the probabilistic and dynamic module GEOtop-FS [Simoni et al, 2007]. 6 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 7. GEOtop2010 What for? Snow mantle evolution and ablation topography, metamorphism, avalanches, albedo, insulation... [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 7 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 8. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 8 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 9. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 8 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 10. GEOtop2010 What for? Soil freezing and permafrost unfrozen liquid content, water flow in freezing soil, inertia and initial conditions courtesy of Stephan Gruber (University of Zurich) work in progress [Dall’Amico et al] 9 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 11. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 10 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 12. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 10 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 13. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 10 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 14. GEOtop2010 -> GEOFRAME: a system for doing hydrology by Computer The GEOFRAME framework Eclipse RCP uDig JGrass PostGIS Postgres GIS engine J-Console Engine OpenMI Web The Horton UIBuilder services Machine WMS Models WFS-T H2 spatial WPS GRASS BeeGIS www.slideshare.net/GEOFRAMEcafe/geoframe-a-system-for-doing-hydrology-by-computer 11 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 15. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 12 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 16. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 12 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 17. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 12 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 18. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 7. GEOFRAME => GIS environment integrated with JGrass, data preprocessing, post-processing, visualization and hydrological tools [HYDROLOGIS]. 12 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 19. GEOtop2010 www.geotop.org 13 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 20. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 14 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 21. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 14 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 22. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 14 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 23. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 7. GEOFRAME => GIS environment integrated with JGrass, data preprocessing, post-processing, visualization and hydrological tools [HYDROLOGIS]. 14 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 24. GEOtop2010 The GEOtop project 5. Snow and ice melt are accounted for [Zanotti et al., 2004; Endrizzi, 2007]. 6. Freezing soil => work in progress [Dall’Amico]. 7. GEOFRAME => GIS environment integrated with JGrass, data preprocessing, post-processing, visualization and hydrological tools [HYDROLOGIS]. 8. Documentation and Wikipage => www.geotop.org 14 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 25. GEOtop2010 Input data (N: necessary, O: optional) Topography and site specific Meteo data (dynamic) • parameters (static) Precipitation intensity (mm/h) (N) • Wind speed (m/s) (N) • DTM (N) • Direction from which wind comes from • land use map (N) (˚N clockwise) (O if Micromet is Off) • • hydraulic parameters (N): Relative humidity (%) (N) hydraulic conductivity, Van • Air temperature (˚C) (N) Genuchten alpha and n, • Lapse rate (˚C/m in upward direction) (O) porosity, residual water content • Air pressure (mbar) (O) • thermal parameters (N): thermal • Global shortwave radiation (W/m2) (O) conductivity, thermal capacity, • Direct shortwave radiation (W/m2) (O) geothermal heat flux • Diffuse shortwave radiation (W/m2) (O) • surface parameters (N): albedo, • Cloudiness (fraction from 0 to 1) (O) emissivity • Incoming shortwave radiation (W/m2) (O) • vegetation type (O): typology, • density, height Incoming longwave radiation (W/m2) (O) • Outgoing shortwave radiation (W/m2) (O) • Outgoing longwave radiation (W/m2) (O) • Sensible heat flux (W/m2) (O) • Latent heat flux (W/m2) (O) 15 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 26. GEOtop2010 Output data Point values Distributed maps • • Temperature profile Temperature profile • • water content profile water content profile • • ice content profile ice content profile • • pore water pressure profile pore water pressure profile • snow height, density • snow height, density • glacier height, density • glacier height, density • surface energy fluxes • (G, H, L, TE, Rn) surface energy fluxes (G, H, L, TE, Rn) • water discharge at an outlet 16 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 27. GEOtop2010 What’s behind the curtains snow/glacier read ABL fluxes meteo solver BC soil heat Jm equation water balance precipitation (Richards (snow or rain) equation) Update time Write output 17 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 28. GEOtop2010 Integrated structure + = GEOframe www.jgrass.org www.geotop.org external users web database Interfaces (Java/JGRASS) Analysis Models Tools (UNITN/R) (UNITN/OpenMI) Database (PostgresSQL/PostGIS/CUAHSI) 18 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 29. -> What is now GEOtop2010 Main Program: GEOtop 0.9375 KMackenzie in a unique piece of code containing: •Input data •Meteo Data Interpolator - MicroMET (Elder & Liston, 2006) •Separation - Rainfall - Snow •Energy Budget (optional) •Water Budget •Output data www.slideshare.net/GEOFRAMEcafe/GEOtop 19 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 30. -> What is now GEOtop2010 Meteo Data Interpolator •Wind: Micromet or uniform values •Precipitation - Micromet or simple kriging •Short wave incoming radiation: Micromet or custom parameterization •Long wave incoming radiation: Micromet or or custom parameterization Micromet from (Elder & Liston, 2006) 20 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 31. GEOtop2010 The grid •Square structured grid based on the DEM •QUI UN DISEGNO DI UNA GRIGLIA STRUTTURATA 21 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 32. -> What is now GEOtop2010 Energy Budget •Contains the heat Equation with radiation budget for •snow (multilayer) •soil (multilayer) •Allows for phase changes and soil freezing •Boundary conditions includes: •Atmosphere exchange at the surface layer •Constant flux at the bottom 22 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 33. -> What is now GEOtop2010 Water Budget •Subsurface Flow •Richards 3D but solving separately the vertical and the later flow (e.g. Cordano and Rigon, 2008) •Surface Flow: •Kinematic wave equation •Channel Flow •Using GIUH style approach (e.g. D’odorico and Rigon, 2003) 23 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 34. GEOtop2010 Comprehensive GEOtop Bibliography •Simoni, S., F. Zanotti, G. Bertoldi and R. Rigon, Modelling the probability of occurrence of shallow landslides and channelized debris flows using GEOtop-FS, accepted for Hydrol. Proc., published on-line, Dec 2007 •Rigon R., Bertoldi G e T. M. Over, GEOtop: A distributed hydrological model with coupled water and energy budgets, Jour. of Hydromet., Vol. 7, No. 3, pages 371- 388., Vol. 7, No. 3, pages 371-388. •Bertoldi, G., R. Rigon & T. M. Over, Impact of watershed geomorphic characteristics on the energy and water budgets, Jour. of Hydromet., Vol. 7, No. 3, p. 371- 388. Vol. 7, No. 3, pages 389 - 394, 2006. •Lanni C., Tarantino A., Cordano E., Rigon R., 2009: Analysis of the effect of normal and lateral subsurface water flow on the triggering of shallow landslides with a distributed hydrological modelquot;  - International Conference quot;Landslides Processesquot; ,Strasbourg, France 24 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 35. GEOtop2010 •Bertoldi G., Dietrich W.E., Miller N. L., Rigon R.. Bedrock and soil contribution to the formation of sub-surface runoff by saturation in headwater catchments: observations and simulation using a distributed hydrological model, Atti del XXIX Convegno di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche, Trento, Settembre 2004. • Zanotti F, Endrizzi S, Bertoldi G, Rigon R. 2004. The GEOTOP snow module. Hydrological Processes 18: 3667–3679. DOI: 10/1002/hyp.5794. • G. Bertoldi, C. Notarnicola, G. Leitinger, M. Zebisch,  and U. Tappeiner (in preparation) Morphological and eco-hydrological controls on land surface temperature in an Alpine catchment • G. Bertoldi,  G. Wohlfahrt,  S. Della Chiesa, U. Tappeiner, S. Endrizzi (in preparation): Biotic and a-biotic controls on energy and water partitioning in a mountain grassland 25 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 36. GEOtop2010 Next Versions of GEOtop will be components based on GEOFRAME 26 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 37. GEOtop2010 -> GEOFRAME: a system for doing hydrology by Computer The complete GEOFRAME framework Eclipse RCP uDig JGrass PostGIS Postgres GIS engine J-Console Engine OpenMI Web The Horton UIBuilder services Machine WMS Models WFS-T H2 spatial WPS GRASS BeeGIS www.slideshare.net/GEOFRAMEcafe/geoframe-a-system-for-doing-hydrology-by-computer 27 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 38. GEOtop2010 -> GEOFRAME: a system for doing hydrology by Computer JGrass 3 www.jgrass.org 28 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 39. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base Next year • Design and implementation of the simulation Data Base (based on standards derived from CUAHSI, OMS and Earth System Curator) • The Data Base (DB) will be built upon Postgresql/ postgis/postgrid which usually will run on a server • The DB can however run locally • An internal copy of some of the DB features can be imported inside the GEOFRAME modeling system through the GEOFRAME Data Master (already implemented) • The DB will contain the forcing and the parameters needed to run GEOtop. 29 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 40. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base This year (2009) in progress J-Hydro 30 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 41. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base This year (2009) in progress GEOFRAME DATA MASTER 31 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 42. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base This year (2009) in progress JGrass 32 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 43. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base 33 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 44. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base 34 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 45. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Data base Next year •Locally JGrass will contain and manage GEOtop that will be executed from the J-Console •Data will be produced according to the internal formats of JGrass (and possibly these will include NetCDF) • Preparation of the input data •An internal copy of some of the DB features can be imported inside the GEOFRAME modeling system through the GEOFRAME Data Master (already implemented) 35 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 46. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 36 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 47. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 37 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 48. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 38 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 49. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 39 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 50. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 40 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 51. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Use case Next year DATAMASTER CLIENTCARTELLA DATABASE DATI JGrass 41 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 52. -> Next Year (Spring 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: First Componentization Next year Meteo Energy Water I/O + + Forcings Budget Budget The first version 42 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 53. -> Next Year (Summer 2010) GEOtop2010 First Steps into GEOFRAME: Second Componentization Next year Meteo Energy Water I/O Forcings Budget Budget The second version 43 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 54. -> Next Year (Fall 2010) GEOtop2010 Further splitting will follows Data Subsurface Surface I/O Assimilation Flows Flows Snow Energy Vegetation Radiation & Budget Cryosphere 44 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 55. GEOtop2010 Visualization: JGrass Next processes - scales 45 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 56. GEOtop2010 Visualization: Nasa World Wind Next processes - scales 46 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 57. GEOtop2010 Numerics •Current Numerics will Next processes - scales be replaced with new numerical methods. •This action has actually started with using Brugnano and 2008 Casulli, 2008 in rewriting subsurface and Casulli, flow equations, beginning with an implementation of: •Boussinesq equation on unstructured grids with finite volumes •And follows with •Boussinesq equation on unstructured grids with finite volumes and embedded sub-parameterizations (Casulli, 2008) •Richards equations with embedded sub-parameterizations •Substitution of actual surface water equations with shallow water ones coupled with subsurface waters 47 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 58. GEOtop2010 Implementation •GEOtop is a - scales Next processes mix of FORTRAN (Micromet) and C codes. C, in turn, is according to some costume libraries that are called FluidTurtle libraries. •These are planned to be replaced in the new implementation by the ESMF libraries •This, in turn, could open the possibility to recompile the entire GEOtop under the ESMF, as an alternative substituting the OpenMi superstructure with the ESMF superstructure. This would allow for natural scalability of the GEOtop code from desktop computers to supercomputers (we do not really know if it is possible and we are investigating the possibilities). 48 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 59. GEOtop2010 -> GEOFRAME: a system for doing hydrology by Computer GEOtop is a collaborative projects and other are invited to bring into new components BTW if the CHyMP takes some momentum GEOtop can flow into it ... 49 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 60. GEOtop2010 NewAge (Rigon is a large scale distributed model. et al., 2009) Radiation NewAge Precipitation GEOtop Air Temperature Air humidity wind Vegetation Snow unsaturated Saturated storage Channels Lakes Human works It includes the modelling of reservoirs, intakes and human works 50 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 61. GEOtop2010 NewAge (Rigon is a large scale distributed model. et al., 2009) •It GEOtop NewAge implements already much of the informatics describe above and includes •Two components for the interpolation of meteorological data •h.jami (Just another meteo interpolator) for the interpolation at hillslope scale of temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and others. •h.kriging Implements simple kriging for rainfall interpolations •Some sub-components for calculating the energy budget lumped at hill-slope scale 51 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 62. GEOtop2010 NewAge (Rigon is a large scale distributed model. et al., 2009) •Several components for runoff formation, aggregation NewAge GEOtop and routing •h.adige. A component for the evaluation of the surface and subsurface fluxes (as a dynamical model) - Partially based on Cuencas, Mantilla and Gupta, (2005) •h.saintgeo. It integrates the 1-D de SainttVenant Equation. •Various Ancillary sub-models 52 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 63. GEOtop2010 NewAge (Rigon is a large scale distributed model. et al., 2009) •A simplified NewAge GEOtop snow model •h.snow ? •A model for the estimation of evapotranspiration according to the Penman-Monteith equation. •h.ET ? 53 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 64. GEOtop2010 NewAge (Rigon is a large scale distributed model. et al., 2009) NewAge GEOtop •These components will be able to interact with GEOtop componenents after the writing of the appropriate interconnection modules. •Especially the modules which regards the channel flow can, in perspective, substitute the actual implementation of channel routing. •NewAge use a sophisticate treatment of channels and fully exploits the geographic capabilities of the GEOFRAME system. 54 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 65. Geotop KMcKenzie An inside view R. Rigon, M. Dall’Amico, S. Endrizzi, E. Cordano
  • 66. GEOtop2010 PRESENTATION OUTLINE • Input and output files • Code structure • ... 56 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 67. GEOtop2010 Necessary input general files Parameters files 57 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 68. GEOtop2010 Necessary input GENERAL strings array representing the keywords for the file __geotop.init strings array representing the necessary file names __geotop.inpts horizon angles at different azimuth: necessary for 1D simulations _points_horizon PARAMETERS parameters controlling the simulations (integration Dt, duration, __control_parameters beginning time, standard time, output time, 1D or 2D simulations...) coordinates of the points where to print the results, saving points, __options_point.txt horizon file name... parameters file __parameters.txt soil depth, Van Genuchten, thermal, hydraulic parameters for each _soil.txt soil type given the corresponding map 58 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 69. GEOtop2010 Necessary input Meteo files 59 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 70. GEOtop2010 Necessary input GENERAL strings array representing the keywords for the file __geotop.init strings array representing the necessary file names __geotop.inpts horizon angles at different azimuth: necessary for 1D simulations _points_horizon PARAMETERS parameters controlling the simulations (integration Dt, duration, __control_parameters beginning time, standard time, output time, 1D or 2D simulations...) coordinates of the points where to print the results, saving points, __options_point.txt horizon file name... parameters file __parameters.txt soil depth, Van Genuchten, thermal, hydraulic parameters for each _soil.txt soil type given the corresponding map METEO ... _meteo_cloud.txt horizon angles at different azimuth for the meteo station 0001 _meteo_horizon0001.txt file of meteo stations data _meteo0001.txt 60 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 71. GEOtop2010 Necessary input Meteo files morpho files 61 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 72. GEOtop2010 Necessary input MORPHO ... _meteo_cloud.txt horizon angles at different azimuth for the meteo station 0001 _meteo_horizon0001.txt file of meteo stations data _meteo0001.txt to be continued... 62 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 73. -> What is now GEOtop2010 main program •dynamic allocation of structures (soil, water...) •Read Input data •Meteo Data Interpolator - MicroMET (Elder & Liston, 2006) •Separation - Rainfall - Snow •Infiltration (Richards 1D) •Redistribution (Richards 2D) •Surface runoff •Channel Routing •Output data 2 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 74. GEOtop2010 structures /*structs' declarations:*/ TOPO *top; /* topographical characteristics */ SOIL *sl; /* soil characteristics */ LAND *land; /* land characteristics */ WATER *wat; /* water infiltrating */ CHANNEL *cnet; /* channel routing characteristics */ PAR *par; /* various parameters */ ENERGY *egy; /* energy radiation characteristics */ SNOW *snow; /* snow characteristics */ GLACIER *glac; /* glacier characteristics */ METEO *met; /* meteo data characteristics */ TIMES *times; /* time variables */ LISTON *liston; /* structure for Micromet */ 64 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 75. GEOtop2010 Read input data read parameters and maps files=get_filenames_from_keys(WORKING_DIRECTORY,PROGRAM_NAME,PRINT); /* reads the keywords in __geotoo.init */ read_inpts_par(par, times,files->element[I_CONTROL_PARAMETERS]+1,textfile, quot;1:quot;); /* reads __control_parameters.txt */ read_parameterfile(files->co[fpar]+1, par, liston, IT); /* reads the file __parameters.txt */ read_soil_parameters(files->co[fspar]+1, &n_soiltypes, sl); /* reads the file _soil.txt */ distributed simulation punctual simulation read_inputmaps(top, land, sl, par); read_optionsfile_point(files->co[fopt]+1, par, top, read_optionsfile_distr(files->co[fopt]+1, land, sl, IT); par, times, top->Z0); 65 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano
  • 76. GEOtop2010 Read input data read meteo init_meteo_stations(IT->met, met->st); /* reads __control_parameters.txt */ ReadMeteoHeader(f, IT->met_col_names, met->st->offset->co[i], &ncols, met->column[i-1]); met->data[i-1]=read_datameteo(f, met->st->offset->co[i], ncols, UV->V->co[2]); met->horizon[i-1]=read_horizon(files->co[fhor]+1, i); 66 Riccardo Rigon, Matteo Dall’Amico, Stefano Endrizzi, Emanuele Cordano

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